Última revisão: 19 Set 2021
Última atualização: 16 Out 2019

Resumo

Diagnósticos diferenciais

comuns

  • Esquizofrenia
  • Transtorno esquizoafetivo
  • Transtorno psicótico breve
  • Transtorno esquizofreniforme
  • Depressão com características psicóticas
  • Transtorno bipolar
  • Transtorno delirante
  • Bebidas alcoólicas
  • Síndrome de abstinência
  • Cocaína
  • Cannabis
  • Anfetaminas
  • Fenciclidina
  • Inalantes (solventes, aerossóis, gases, nitritos)
  • Dextrometorfano
  • Demência
  • Deficiência crônica de tiamina (psicose de Korsakoff)
  • Porfiria hepática aguda

Incomuns

  • Sintomas delirantes em parceiro de indivíduo com transtorno delirante (folie à deux)
  • Toxicidade por organofosforados
  • Anticolinérgicos
  • Agonistas dopaminérgicos
  • Outros medicamentos prescritos ou de venda livre
  • Toxicidade por metais pesados
  • Lesão cerebral traumática
  • Tumor cerebral
  • Epilepsia
  • Esclerose múltipla
  • Doença de Fahr
  • Encefalite
  • vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV)
  • Neurossífilis
  • Delirium com psicose
  • Deficiência de vitamina B12
  • Deficiência de folato
  • Deficiência de niacina
  • Síndrome de Cushing
  • Disfunção tireoidiana
  • Timoma
  • Hiperparatireoidismo
  • Cerebrite lúpica
  • Doença de Wilson
  • Doença do armazenamento lisossomal
  • Homocistinúria
  • Leucodistrofia metacromática
  • Síndrome de Klinefelter
  • Síndrome de DiGeorge
  • Síndrome de Prader-Willi

Colaboradores

Autores

Adrian Preda, MD

Professor of Clinical Psychiatry

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior 

University of California, Irvine School of Medicine

Irvine

CA

Declarações

AP declares that he has no competing interests.

Agradecimentos

Dr Adrian Preda would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Karen A. Graham and Dr Diana O. Perkins, previous contributors to this topic. KAG declares that she has no competing interests. DOP has served as a consultant on antipsychotic medications for Genetech, Janssen, Lundbeck, Otsuka, and Sunovion. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill received compensation for research and consulting work by DOP from Genetech, the NIH, Research Triangle Institute, and the State of North Carolina; the university has also been awarded a patent for isolation of pluripotent stem cells from human tissues, with Diana Perkins listed as one of the inventors. DOP has received royalties for the textbook Schizophrenia, published by the American Psychiatric Association Press.

Revisores

Philip McGuire, MBChB, MD, PhD, FRCPsych

Department of Psychiatry

Institute of Psychiatry

London

UK

Declarações

PM has been reimbursed by manufacturers of antipsychotic drugs for consultancy and speaking at conferences. PM has received grant funding for research and to support scientific conferences.

Vinod H. Srihari, MD

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry

Yale University School of Medicine

Connecticut Mental Health Center

New Haven

CT

Declarações

VHS declares that he has no competing interests.

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