Última revisión: 26 Oct 2020
Última actualización: 08 Enero 2020

Resumen

Definición

Anamnesis y exploración física

Factores clave de diagnóstico

  • prueba de Ortolani positiva
  • prueba de Barlow positiva
  • abducción limitada de la cadera

Otros factores para el diagnóstico

  • posición anormal de la pierna o retraso para gatear o caminar
  • caminar de puntillas (especialmente con un pie)

Factores de riesgo

  • sexo femenino
  • antecedentes familiares positivos
  • presentación de nalgas
  • deformidad postural
  • espacio intrauterino restringido
  • envoltura incorrecta de las extremidades inferiores

Pruebas diagnósticas

Primeras pruebas que solicitar

  • ultrasonido de la cadera
  • radiografía de cadera
Más primeras pruebas que solicitar

Algoritmo de tratamiento

Colaboradores

Pediatric Specialty Care

Swedish Medical Group

Seattle

WA

Conflicto de intereses

KM declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Kathleen Moen would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Scott Shipman, a previous contributor to this topic. SS is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Revisores paresVER TODO

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

Reader in Clinical Epidemiology and Surgery

UCL Institute of Child Health and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust

London

UK

Conflicto de intereses

AR declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD)

School of Medicine

University of Southampton

Southampton

UK

Conflicto de intereses

NMC has received honoraria for visiting professorships in North America and also for lectures in respect of congenital hip dysplasia. He is also a founding member of the International Hip Dysplasia Institute, which has received charitable funding.

Assistant Professor (CHS)

Departments of Orthopedics and Pediatrics

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Madison

WI

Conflicto de intereses

BN declares that he has no competing interests.

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