Última revisión: 22 Dic 2021
Última actualización: 16 Sep 2021

Resumen

Definición

Anamnesis y examen

Principales factores de diagnóstico

  • presencia de factores de riesgo (generalmente asintomáticos)

Otros factores de diagnóstico

  • poliuria
  • polidipsia
  • macrosomía fetal en un embarazo anterior

Factores de riesgo

  • índice de masa corporal (IMC) elevado
  • diabetes gestacional previa
  • anterior bebé macrosómico
  • antecedentes familiares de diabetes mellitus
  • ascendencia no blanca
  • edad materna avanzada (>40 años)
  • síndrome del ovario poliquístico (SOPQ)

Pruebas diagnósticas

Algoritmo de tratamiento

Colaboradores

Autores

Eleanor Scott, BM, BS, MD, FRCP

Professor of Medicine (Diabetes and Maternal Health)

Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine

Leeds Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology

Leeds

UK

Divulgaciones

ES has received honoraria from Abbott Diabetes Care and Lilly Diabetes for giving talks, workshops, and advisory panels. ES has received research grant funding from MRC, NIHR, and Diabetes UK.

Rebecca Spencer, MBChB, BSc, MRCOG, PhD

NIHR Clinical Lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynaecology

University of Leeds

Leeds

UK

Divulgaciones

None disclosed.

Agradecimientos

Dr Scott and Dr Spencer would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Ellen W. Seely, Dr Chloe Zera, Dr Jeremy Soule and Dr Leonard E. Egede, previous contributors to this topic.

Divulgaciones

EWS and CZ declare that they have no competing interests. JS has undertaken research support and speakers' bureau activity for Novartis, Bristol Myers Squibb, Astra Zeneca, and Sanofi-Aventis. LEE is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Revisores por pares

Helen Murphy, MBBch, BAO, FRACP, MD

Clinical Professor in Medicine (Diabetes and Antenatal Care)

University of East Anglia

Norwich

UK

Divulgaciones

HM sits on the Medtronic (insulin pump and CGM manufacturer) European scientific advisory board. HM has received research support (CGM sensors and insulin pumps) at reduced cost from Medtronic, Dexcom, and Johnson & Johnson. MH has contributed to educational events sponsored by NovoNordisk, Medtronic, Dexcom, and Abbott Diabetes Care.

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