Última revisión: 11 Abril 2021
Última actualización: 23 Feb 2021

Resumen

Definición

Anamnesis y examen

Principales factores de diagnóstico

  • presencia de factores de riesgo
  • taquicardia por reentrada auriculoventricular (TRAV)

Otros factores de diagnóstico

  • palpitaciones
  • mareos
  • disnea
  • dolor torácico
  • fibrilación auricular
  • aleteo auricular
  • anomalías cardíacas congénitas
  • muerte cardíaca súbita
  • síncope y presíncope
  • taquicardia en el embarazo

Factores de riesgo

  • Anomalía de Ebstein
  • cardiomiopatía hipertrófica
  • prolapso de la válvula mitral
  • comunicación interauricular
  • comunicación interventricular
  • transposición de los grandes vasos
  • coartación aórtica
  • dextrocardia
  • divertículos del seno coronario
  • aneurismas de la aurícula izquierda y derecha
  • rabdomiomas cardíacos
  • síndrome de Marfan
  • ataxia de Friedreich
  • antecedentes familiares

Pruebas diagnósticas

Algoritmo de tratamiento

Colaboradores

Professor of Medicine

Director of Electrophysiology

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

Divulgaciones

HC declares that he is a consultant for Medtronic and Biosense Webster; receives research support from Boston Scientific; is a contributor to Up to Date on atrial fibrillation, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, and sarcoidosis; has reviewed and testified in medical malpractice cases; and has authored a chapter in the European Society of Cardiology textbook on Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.

Professor Hugh Calkins would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr David Frankel, Dr Mithilesh K. Das, and Dr Douglas P. Zipes, previous contributors to this topic. DF, MKD, and DPZ declare that they have no competing interests.

Revisores por paresVER TODOS

Associate Professor of Medicine

Director of Electrophysiology

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

Divulgaciones

JEM declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Electrophysiology Laboratory

The St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center

New York

NY

Divulgaciones

SM declares that he has no competing interests.

Cardiology Specialist Registrar

The James Cook University Hospital

Middlesbrough

UK

Divulgaciones

AT declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of Medicine

Division of Cardiology

University of Florida College of Medicine

Jacksonville

FL

Divulgaciones

SH declares that he has no competing interests.

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