Última revisión: 28 Sept 2020
Última actualización: 23 Sept 2020

Resumen

Definición

Anamnesis y exploración física

Factores clave de diagnóstico

  • presencia de factores de riesgo
  • inicio agudo
  • rinitis
  • dolor de garganta
  • estornudos
  • drenaje/goteo posnasal
  • tos
  • fiebre
  • faringe enrojecida inespecífica
  • edema/eritema mucoso nasal
  • drenaje purulento en las fosas nasales y la faringe posterior
  • pulso <100 ppm; sin hipotensión

Otros factores para el diagnóstico

  • malestar general
  • mialgia
  • halitosis
  • amígdalas inflamadas

Factores de riesgo

  • exposición a personas infectadas
  • edad temprana
  • estación invernal
  • asistencia a guarderías
  • exposición al humo de cigarrillo o a otros irritantes respiratorios

Pruebas diagnósticas

Pruebas que considerar

  • hemograma completo (HC)
  • exudado faríngeo
  • cultivo de esputo
  • prueba de anticuerpos heterófilos
  • proteína C reactiva (PCR)
  • radiografía de tórax
  • tomografía computarizada (TC) sinusal
  • pruebas virales
Más pruebas que considerar

Algoritmo de tratamiento

Colaboradores

Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

Conflicto de intereses

BA is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Associate Professor of Integrated Care

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

Conflicto de intereses

TK is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Revisores paresVER TODO

Senior Research Fellow

Division of Community Health Sciences

St. George's University of London

London

UK

Conflicto de intereses

CC declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor

Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine

Bond University

Queensland

Australia

Conflicto de intereses

CDM declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

Ghent University

Belgium

Conflicto de intereses

ADS declares that she has no competing interests.

Mary Lowell Leary Endowed Professor

General Internal Medicine

Paediatrics

Mayo Clinic

Rochester

MN

Conflicto de intereses

GP has no competing interests in regards to the common cold. He does consult with a variety of manufacturers and performs research studies related to influenza, founded by vaccine manufacturers, none of which involves virus related to the common cold.

Professor of Clinical Medicine

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Director

Intensive Care Unit

Weiler Division/Montefiore Medical Center

Bronx

NY

Conflicto de intereses

PD has served as a consultant to Reckitt Benckiser, Procter & Gamble, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Novartis, Glaxo SmithKline, and Boehringer Ingelheim.

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