Última revisión: 22 Dic 2020
Última actualización: 23 Sep 2020

Resumen

Definición

Anamnesis y examen

Principales factores de diagnóstico

  • presencia de factores de riesgo
  • inicio agudo
  • rinitis
  • dolor de garganta
  • estornudos
  • drenaje/goteo posnasal
  • tos
  • fiebre
  • faringe enrojecida inespecífica
  • edema/eritema mucoso nasal
  • drenaje purulento en las fosas nasales y la faringe posterior
  • pulso <100 ppm; sin hipotensión

Otros factores de diagnóstico

  • malestar general
  • mialgia
  • halitosis
  • amígdalas inflamadas

Factores de riesgo

  • exposición a personas infectadas
  • edad temprana
  • estación invernal
  • asistencia a guarderías
  • exposición al humo de cigarrillo o a otros irritantes respiratorios

Pruebas diagnósticas

Pruebas diagnósticas que deben considerarse

  • hemograma completo (HC)
  • exudado faríngeo
  • cultivo de esputo
  • prueba de anticuerpos heterófilos
  • proteína C reactiva (PCR)
  • radiografía de tórax
  • tomografía computarizada (TC) sinusal
  • pruebas virales
Más pruebas diagnósticas que deben considerarse

Algoritmo de tratamiento

Colaboradores

Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

Divulgaciones

BA is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Associate Professor of Integrated Care

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

Divulgaciones

TK is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Revisores por paresVER TODOS

Senior Research Fellow

Division of Community Health Sciences

St. George's University of London

London

UK

Divulgaciones

CC declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor

Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine

Bond University

Queensland

Australia

Divulgaciones

CDM declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

Ghent University

Belgium

Divulgaciones

ADS declares that she has no competing interests.

Mary Lowell Leary Endowed Professor

General Internal Medicine

Paediatrics

Mayo Clinic

Rochester

MN

Divulgaciones

GP has no competing interests in regards to the common cold. He does consult with a variety of manufacturers and performs research studies related to influenza, founded by vaccine manufacturers, none of which involves virus related to the common cold.

Professor of Clinical Medicine

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Director

Intensive Care Unit

Weiler Division/Montefiore Medical Center

Bronx

NY

Divulgaciones

PD has served as a consultant to Reckitt Benckiser, Procter & Gamble, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Novartis, Glaxo SmithKline, and Boehringer Ingelheim.

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