Última revisión: 24 Oct 2020
Última actualización: 11 Agosto 2020

Resumen

Definición

Anamnesis y exploración física

Factores clave de diagnóstico

  • presencia de factores de riesgo
  • amenorrea
  • ciclo menstrual irregular
  • sofocos y sudores nocturnos
  • síntomas vaginales
  • cambios en el estado de ánimo

Otros factores para el diagnóstico

  • alteración del sueño
  • deterioro leve de la memoria
  • sangrado menstrual abundante

Factores de riesgo

  • 40 a 60 años de edad
  • tratamiento del cáncer
  • tabaquismo
  • cirugía ovárica
  • edad de la madre en la menopausia

Pruebas diagnósticas

Algoritmo de tratamiento

Colaboradores

Clinical Director Women and Sexual Health

NHS Dumfries and Galloway

Dumfries and Galloway Royal Infirmary

Scotland

UK

Conflicto de intereses

HC declares that she has received sponsorship, educational grants, speaker fees, funding for attendance at meetings, and advisory board fees from several pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical companies, which supports the running and development of Menopause Matters Ltd.

Consultant Gynaecologist

Clinical Lead for Menopause Service

King's College Hospital NHS Trust

London

UK

Conflicto de intereses

HH declares that he has acted in an advisory capacity for Bayer. HH received a research grant to support a clinical trial and support to attend academic conferences from Besins.

Independence Park Medical Services

Anchorage

AK

Conflicto de intereses

BWF is a consultant for Advance Medical and Kevin Trangle Associates and is on the Speakers Bureau for Abbvie.

Dr Heather Currie, Dr Haitham Hamoda, and Dr Bradford W. Fenton would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Rebekah Wang-Cheng, a previous contributor to this topic.

Conflicto de intereses

RWC declares that she has no competing interests.

Revisores paresVER TODO

Assistant Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Virginia Commonwealth University

Richmond

VA

Conflicto de intereses

NGOC declares that she has no competing interests.

Internist

Daniel Island

SC

Conflicto de intereses

CS declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant

Honorary Senior Lecturer and Clinical Director

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital

Norwich

UK

Conflicto de intereses

EM declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Columbia University in New York Medical Center

New York

NY

Conflicto de intereses

MW has received research funding from Ferring and Pfizer Wyeth; has acted as an advisory board consultant for Pfizer Wyeth, QuatRx, and Yoplait; and is on the speakers' bureau of Amgen, Upsher Smith, and Warner Chilcott. MW is also an author of a reference cited in this topic.

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