Última revisión: 22 Ago 2021
Última actualización: 11 Jun 2021

Resumen

Diferenciales

Común

  • Pérdidas de volumen no hemorrágicas
  • Sangrado del tracto gastrointestinal superior
  • Sangrado en el tracto gastrointestinal inferior
  • Hipotensión inducida por diálisis
  • Traumatismo
  • Síndrome coronario agudo
  • Insuficiencia cardíaca aguda
  • Disritmia
  • Embolia pulmonar aguda
  • Relacionada con fármacos y drogas
  • Embarazo (sin complicaciones)
  • Síncope vasovagal
  • Sepsis
  • Hepatopatía crónica
  • Enfermedad de Parkinson

Infrecuente

  • Rotura de aneurisma aórtico abdominal
  • Embarazo ectópico
  • Sangrado retroperitoneal
  • Síndrome sinusal carotídeo (subtipo cardioinhibitorio)
  • Hipotiroidismo grave
  • Neumotórax a tensión
  • Taponamiento cardíaco
  • Síncope situacional
  • Anafilaxia
  • Pancreatitis aguda grave
  • Síndrome sinusal carotídeo (subtipo vasodepresor)
  • Neuropatía autonómica diabética
  • Atrofia multisistémica
  • Tras un accidente cerebrovascular
  • Insuficiencia autonómica primaria
  • Amiloidosis
  • Supresión suprarrenal (iatrogénica)
  • Enfermedad de Addison
  • Hipopituitarismo
  • Deficiencia de tiamina
  • Deficiencia de vitamina B12
  • Síndrome carcinoide

Colaboradores

Autores

Fiona Kearney, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCPI

Consultant Geriatrician

Department of Healthcare of Older People

Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust

Queen’s Medical Centre

Nottingham

UK

Divulgaciones

FK is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Alan Moore, MB, BCh, BAO, FRCPI

Consultant Geriatrician

Beaumont Hospital

Dublin

Honorary Senior Lecturer at Royal College of Surgeons

Ireland Medical School

Dublin

Republic of Ireland

Divulgaciones

AM is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Revisores por pares

Vidhu S. Paliwal, MD

Cardiologist

Skagit Valley Hospital

Mount Vernon

WA

Divulgaciones

VSP declares that he has no competing interests.

Gideon Caplan, MB, BS Syd, FRACP

Director

Geriatric Medicine

Prince of Wales Hospital

Sydney

Australia

Divulgaciones

GC declares that he has no competing interests.

Vasi Naganathan, MBBS, FRACP, MMed (Clin Epi), PhD, Grad Cert Med Ed

Academic Sydney Medical School

University of Sydney

Consultant Geriatrician

Concord Hospital Centre for Education and Research on Ageing

Concord

Australia

Divulgaciones

VN declares that he has no competing interests.

Andrew Parfitt, MBBS, FFAEM

Clinical Director

Acute Medicine

Associate Medical Director

Consultant Emergency Medicine

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Clinical Lead and Consultant

Accident Emergency Medicine

St Thomas' Hospital

London

UK

Divulgaciones

AP declares that he has no competing interests.

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