Last reviewed:December 2019
Last updated:March  2018

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Other diagnostic factors

  • male gender
  • headache
  • nausea and vomiting
  • confusion
  • depressed consciousness
  • cutaneous ulcers or abscesses

Risk factors

  • solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
  • HIV-positive and low CD4 T-cell count (<100 cells/mm^3)
  • immunosuppression
  • structural pulmonary disease
  • malignancy and chemotherapy
  • male gender
  • agricultural work

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Division of Infectious Disease

Geneva University Hospital

Geneva

Switzerland

Disclosures

JG declares that he has no competing interests.

Division of Infectious Diseases

Hospital Clinic-IDIBAPS

Barcelona

Spain

Disclosures

JA declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewersVIEW ALL

Infectious Disease Specialist

Alabama Infectious Diseases Center

Huntsville

AL

Disclosures

AH declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Medicine

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care

Harborview Medical Center

University of Washington

Seattle

WA

Disclosures

MN declares that he has no competing interests.

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer