Last reviewed: 29 Oct 2020
Last updated: 30 Jul 2020

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Other diagnostic factors

  • myalgias
  • headache
  • abdominal tenderness
  • signs of volume depletion
  • hyperactive bowel sounds
  • family history of Salmonella infection

Risk factors

  • food exposures
  • extremes of age (<12 months and >50 years)
  • presence of an immunosuppressive state
  • low gastric acidity
  • exposure to symptomatic person with Salmonella
  • animal contact
  • use of antibiotics
  • poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
  • chronic granulomatous disease
  • iron overload
  • malnutrition

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

William A. Petri, Jr

Wade Hampton Frost Professor of Epidemiology

Professor of Medicine, Microbiology, and Pathology

Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health

University of Virginia

Charlottesville

VA

Disclosures

WAP declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr William A Petri would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Michael Preziosi, Dr Joshua Fierer, and Dr Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone, previous contributors to this topic. JF and NFCC are authors of references cited in this topic. MP declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewersVIEW ALL

Chief Medical Officer

Director of Food Safety and Security

US Food and Drug Administration

Rockville

MD

Disclosures

DA declares that he has no competing interests.

Deputy State Epidemiologist

Communicable and Environmental Disease Services

Tennessee Department of Health

Nashville

TN

Disclosures

TJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Head of Division

Division for Public Health

Austrian Agency for Health & Food Safety

Vienna

Austria

Disclosures

FA declares that he has no competing interests.

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