Associated with substantial morbidity in developed countries. Continues to be a cause of significant mortality in developing countries.
Presents with vomiting and diarrhea (with or without fever, nausea, or abdominal pain).
Dehydration, which may be associated with electrolyte imbalance and metabolic acidosis, is the most frequent and dangerous complication.
Oral rehydration therapy is the mainstay of treatment.
Self-limiting disease with excellent prognosis if correctly treated.
Viral gastroenteritis is an infection of the gastrointestinal tract by a virus, usually rotavirus. It is usually self-limiting, but if untreated may result in morbidity and mortality secondary to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and metabolic acidosis.
History and exam
Alexander K.C. Leung, MB BS, FRCPC, FRCP, FRCPCH, FAAP
Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
The University of Calgary
AKCL is an author of a guideline and a number of references cited in this topic.
Saul Greenberg, MD
Department of Paediatrics
University of Toronto
SG declares that he has no competing interests.
Y.L. Lau, MBCBhB, MD, FRCP, FRCPCH, FRCPS, FHKAM, FHKCPaed
Faculty of Medicine
University of Hong Kong
YLL declares that he has no competing interests.
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