Last reviewed: March 2019
Last updated: November  2018

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Transposition of great arteries
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Pulmonary atresia
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn
  • Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
  • Pneumothorax
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM; formerly known as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation [CCAM])
  • Upper airway obstruction
  • Polycythemia
  • Asphyxia
  • Methemoglobinemia (met-Hb)
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Neonatal sepsis

Uncommon

  • Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome or single ventricle physiology states
  • Tricuspid atresia
  • Truncus arteriosus
  • Pulmonary hemorrhage
  • Pulmonary hypoplasia
  • Congenital lobar emphysema
  • Pulmonary lymphangiectasia
  • Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF)/esophageal atresia (EA)
  • Pleural effusion
  • Arteriovenous malformation

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Associate Professor

Section of Neonatology and Department of Pediatrics

Baylor College of Medicine

Houston

TX

Disclosures

MP declares that he has no competing interests.

Perinatal-Neonatal Fellow

Section of Neonatology and Department of Pediatrics

Baylor College of Medicine

Houston

TX

Disclosures

AA-S declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Mohan Pammi and Dr AnnaMarie Arias-Shah would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Robin H. Steinhorn and Dr Ponthenkandath Sasidharan, the previous contributors to this topic.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor of Pediatrics

Department of Pediatrics

Medical Center

University of Illinois

Chicago

IL

Disclosures

RB declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor Pediatrics/Neonatology

Medical College of Wisconsin

Milwaukee

WI

Disclosures

UGD declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Paediatrician

Neonatal Unit

Gloucestershire Royal Hospital

Gloucester

UK

Disclosures

RP declares that he has no competing interests.

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