Caused when the foreskin of an uncircumcised penis is retracted and left behind the glans, leading to vascular engorgement and edema of the distal glans.
In its acute form, it is a medical emergency requiring rapid evaluation and possible surgical decompression.
Can occur at any age but is most common in children and older people.
Circumcision is preventative and is curative if the process develops.
Most cases are iatrogenic in etiology.
Paraphimosis is a condition caused when the foreskin of the uncircumcised penis is retracted and left behind the glans penis, leading to vascular engorgement and edema of the distal glans. This condition is a medical emergency when identified acutely and requires prompt effective treatment to prevent loss of the distal glans penis.
History and exam
- lack of circumcision
- urinary catheterization
- dependence on a caregiver for daily hygiene
- tight foreskin
- poor hygiene
- bacterial infection
- parasitic infections
- lichen sclerosis
- penile piercing
- hemangiomas of the penis
- peripheral vascular disease
- inadequate circumcision
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
RM declares that he has no competing interests.
Assistant Professor of Urologic Surgery
Division of Pediatric Urology
Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
JT declares that he has no competing interests.
Lecturer in Uro-oncology and Consultant Urological Surgeon
Department of Urology
VG declares that he has no competing interests.
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