Last reviewed: 6 Nov 2021
Last updated: 25 May 2021

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Skull fracture (nonbasilar)
  • Base of skull fracture
  • Cerebral contusion
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Subdural hematoma
  • Epidural hematoma
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage
  • Traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Penetrating injuries
  • Diffuse axonal injury
  • Mild traumatic brain injury

Contributors

Authors

Micelle J. Haydel, MD

Albert J. Lauro Professor of Medicine/Emergency Medicine

Clinical Professor Medicine/Emergency Medicine

Section of Emergency Medicine

Louisiana State University Health Science Center

New Orleans

LA

Disclosures

MJH is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Acknowledgements

Dr Micelle J. Haydel would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Victoria E. Johnson, Dr Marek Ma, Dr Nathan Ranalli, and Dr Douglas H. Smith, previous contributors to this topic.

Disclosures

VEJ, MM, NR, and DHS declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers

David W. Wright, MD

Director of Research

Department of Emergency Medicine

Emory University

Atlanta

GA

Disclosures

DWW declares that he has no competing interests.

David Sharp, MBBS, BA, MRCP, PhD

Senior Lecturer In Neurology

Imperial College

London

UK

Disclosures

DS declares that he has no competing interests.

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