Last reviewed:September 2019
Last updated:August  2019

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Alcoholic liver disease
  • Choledocholithiasis
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Drug-induced liver injury
  • Ascending cholangitis
  • Pancreatic carcinoma
  • Liver metastases
  • Hemolytic anemia

Uncommon

  • Gilbert syndrome
  • Hepatitis E
  • Hepatitis D
  • Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) cholangiopathy
  • Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
  • Postoperative stricture
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • Wilson disease
  • Parasitic infections
  • AIDS cholangiopathy

Contributors

Consultant Gastroenterologist and Associate Lecturer in Medicine

University of the West Indies

Department of Medicine

San Fernando General Hospital

San Fernando

Trinidad

West Indies

Disclosures

RR declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Rene Ramnarace would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Harry R. Dalton, Dr Peter Draganov, and Dr Grant F. Hutchins, previous contributors to this topic.

Peer reviewersVIEW ALL

Associate Professor of Surgery

Division of General Pediatric Surgery; Director of the Trauma Program

Children's Hospital

Los Angeles

CA

Disclosures

JSU declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant

Laparoscopic Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeon

Derriford Hospital

Plymouth

UK

Disclosures

GS declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

Division of Liver Diseases

Mount Sinai Hospital

New York

NY

Disclosures

JA declares that he has no competing interests.

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