Last reviewed: July 2020
Last updated: June  2019

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Other diagnostic factors

  • pain
  • pressure (muscle tightness)
  • paresthesia
  • pulselessness
  • pallor
  • paralysis

Risk factors

  • trauma
  • bleeding disorder
  • compression support
  • thermal injury
  • intense muscular activity
  • extravasation of intravenous infusion
  • venous obstruction

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Critical Care Surgeon

WakeMed Hospital

Rayleigh

NC

Disclosures

MAS declares that she has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Department of Plastic Surgery

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Houston

TX

Disclosures

VJH declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewersVIEW ALL

Emeritus Professor of Orthopaedic and Accident Surgery

University of Liverpool

Liverpool

Associate Editor

British Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

London

UK

Disclosures

LK declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Program Director

Atlanta Medical Center

Department of General Surgery

Atlanta

GA

Disclosures

Not disclosed.

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