Chest pain may be caused by either benign or life-threatening etiologies and is usually divided into cardiac and noncardiac causes.
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS), encompassing unstable angina, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, may not be the most common etiology in patients presenting with chest pain, but excluding ACS is vital because of the mortality associated with untreated myocardial infarction.
This topic concentrates on the evaluation of acute chest pain in the emergency setting.
Professor and Chair
Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine
JEB declares that he has given expert testimony in matters related to this topic.
Dr James E. Brown would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Marvin H. Eng and Dr Mori J. Krantz, previous contributors to this topic.
MHE declares that he has no competing interests. MJK is a consultant for GlaxoSmithKline.
St Vincent’s Hospital Melbourne
Department of Medicine
University of Melbourne
MJ declares that he has no competing interests.
Gill Foundation Professor of Interventional Cardiology
Director of Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories
Gill Heart Institute
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
University of Kentucky
DM declares that he has no competing interests.
University of Michigan Congenital Heart Center
MB declares that he has no competing interests.
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
EC declares that he has no competing interests.
Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Jacobi Medical Center
DS declares that he has no competing interests.
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