Presents with insidious onset of anterior chest wall pain exacerbated by certain movements of the chest and deep inspiration.
Key sign is pain on palpation of costochondral joints (particularly the second to the fifth).
Tests used to rule out conditions with a similar presentation.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the first line of treatment.
Costochondritis is inflammation of ≥1 costal cartilages. It is a self-limiting condition that typically presents with insidious onset pain and tenderness around the second to the fifth costochondral joints.
History and exam
Medical Director of the Musculoskeletal Medical Unit
Department of Orthopedics & Division of Rheumatology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
FB declares that he has no competing interests.
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Rehabilitation
University of Colorado School of Medicine
DA declares that he has no competing interests.
Senior Lecturer in Rheumatology
Section of Musculoskeletal Disease
Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine
Chapel Allerton Hospital
RW declares that he has no competing interests.
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