Medication adherence is very important in patients with a diagnosis of CAP, even after they experience clinical improvement. Patients should be instructed to contact the physician if their symptoms do not improve within 72 hours.
Adequate hydration and preservation of the cough reflex during convalescence are important. The cough reflex is necessary in order to remove the microorganism from the respiratory tract before it reaches the lung.
In smokers, smoking cessation is an important issue. It should be explained to patients how smoking impairs natural mechanisms for eliminating pathogens and debris.
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