Last reviewed: September 2018
Last updated: October  2018

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Viral gastroenteritis
  • Bacterial gastroenteritis
  • Giardiasis
  • Migraine
  • Motion/travel sickness
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Concussion
  • Meningitis
  • Brain tumor
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Pyloric stenosis
  • Intussusception
  • Intestinal malrotation
  • Small bowel atresia
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Cyclic vomiting
  • Gastroparesis
  • Constipation
  • Functional dyspepsia
  • Testicular torsion
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Acute appendicitis
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Hepatitis A
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Food allergy
  • Eosinophilic disease
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Toxic ingestion
  • Medication adverse effects

Uncommon

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • Pseudotumor cerebri (benign intracranial hypertension)
  • Superior mesenteric artery syndrome
  • Addison disease
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Protein metabolism disorders
  • Carbohydrate metabolism disorders
  • Postural orthostatic tachycardia
  • Hirschsprung disease
  • Ovarian torsion
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • Ureteropelvic junction obstruction
  • Small bowel lymphoma
  • Rumination
  • Factitious disorder
  • Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome
  • Otitis media
  • Pneumonia

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

John E. Fortunato

Professor of Pediatrics

Neurointestinal and Motility Program Director

Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago

Chicago

IL

Disclosures

JEF is on the advisory board (non-compensated) for the Gastroparesis Patient Association for Cures and Treatments (G-PACT).

Dr John E. Fortunato would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Mary K. Rogers Boruta and Dr Roberto A. Gomez-Suarez, previous contributors to this topic. MKRB is a consultant for Medspira on pediatric integration for anorectal manometry by assisting with training providers on device use, for which she receives no compensation. There is no contractual agreement to disseminate product information. RAG-S declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Associate Professor

Division of General Pediatrics

Stanford School of Medicine

Palo Alto

CA

Disclosures

DAB declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Pediatric Gastroenterology

Golisano Children's Hospital

Upstate Medical University

Syracuse

NY

Disclosures

PDW declares that he has no competing interests.

Reader in General Paediatrics

Honorary Consultant Paediatrician

University College London Hospitals and Great Ormond Street Hospitals

Associate Director

Gap Unit

Institute of Child Health

University College London

London

UK

Disclosures

AGS is developing a project on the use of an antiemesis drug for gastroenteritis but has no other connection with the topic per se.

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