Eleventh most common form of cancer and second most common malignancy of the upper aerodigestive tract in men.
Smoking and alcohol use frequently associated with development of the disease.
Hoarseness, dysphonia, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, referred otalgia, vocal cord lesions on indirect laryngoscopy, and neck mass/adenopathy that persists for >3 weeks are sentinel signs that should be evaluated by an otolaryngologist.
Treatment best effected by multidisciplinary approach (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, speech rehabilitation), organ preservation, and offering salvage surgical resection in advanced-stage disease.
Overall mortality has not changed in nearly 30 years, but rate of organ preservation is significantly improved.
Laryngeal cancer most often refers to squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. Other malignant tumors of the larynx (e.g., sarcoma, lymphoma, neuroendocrine tumors) are extremely rare in comparison. This disease consists of malignant tumors of mucosal origin that originate from the supraglottis, glottis, and subglottis. Specifically, this encompasses the following structures: the epiglottis, the vocal cords (false or true), and the area immediately below the vocal cords extending below the glottis.
Professor of Surgery
Yale Cancer Center
Yale School of Medicine
CS declares that he has no competing interests.
Head and Neck Fellow
MP declares that he has no competing interests.
Dr Clarence Sasaki, and Dr Matthew Pierce would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Scott V. Larson, Dr Hari Deshpande, Dr Elina Kari, and Dr Amy Chen, previous contributors to this topic. SVL, HD, EK, and AC declare that they have no competing interests.
Department of Surgical Sciences
Professor and Chairman
University of Udine
AF declares that he has no competing interests.
Department of Otolaryngology
Rush University Medical Center
SJC declares that he has no competing interests.
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