Last reviewed: 30 Oct 2020
Last updated: 25 Aug 2020

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Other diagnostic factors

  • skin tenderness
  • depression, social isolation
  • systemic complaints

Risk factors

  • age 12 to 24 years
  • genetic predisposition
  • greasy skin/increased sebum production
  • endocrine disorders
  • dietary factors
  • female sex/estrogens
  • obesity/insulin resistance
  • hyperandrogenism
  • medications
  • halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons exposure

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Professor of Dermatology and Public Health

University of Colorado School of Medicine

Colorado School of Public Health

Chief, Dermatology Service

US Department of Veterans Affairs

Eastern Colorado Health Care System

Aurora

CO

Disclosures

RD is an Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics investigator of global antibiotic use for acne. He receives royalties from UpToDate. RD was the PI on Pfizer Pharmaceutical independent research grants to the University of Colorado for development of open access patient decision aids. 

Dermatology Resident

University of Colorado School of Medicine 

Aurora

CO

Disclosures

SS declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor Dellavalle and Dr Shangraw would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Mark Naftanel, Dr Yolanda Rosi Helfrich, and Dr Amanda Howland, previous contributors to this topic.

MN, YRH, and AH declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewersVIEW ALL

Resident

Department of Dermatology

SUNY Downstate Medical Center

New York

NY

Disclosures

GT declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant Dermatologist

Dermatology

Beaumont Hospital

Dublin

Ireland

Disclosures

Not disclosed.

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer