Last reviewed: September 2018
Last updated: October  2018

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Idiopathic recurrent miscarriage
  • Fetal chromosomal abnormality

Uncommon

  • Parental chromosomal abnormality
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome
  • Cervical incompetence
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Uncontrolled thyroid dysfunction
  • Thrombophilias
  • Uterine abnormalities (e.g., bicornuate, septate, or arcuate uterus)
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • Smoking, caffeine intake

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Assistant Professor

Women's health

Dell Medical School

University of Texas

Austin

TX

Disclosures

WM declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Winifred Mak would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Ai-Wei Tang and Dr Siobhan Quenby, the previous contributors to this topic. AT declares that she has no competing interests. SQ is an author of a reference cited in this topic. SQ declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Leicester Royal Infirmary

Leicester

UK

Disclosures

JCK is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Obstetrician

Erasmus Medical Center

Rotterdam

The Netherlands

Disclosures

FVD declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Georgetown University

Washington Hospital Center

Washington

DC

Disclosures

VGL declares that she has no competing interests.

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