Assessment of falls in the elderly

Last reviewed: 25 Aug 2022
Last updated: 31 Mar 2021

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Stroke
  • Transient ischaemic attack
  • Joint buckling/instability/mechanical gait disorders
  • Deconditioning
  • Medicine effects or polypharmacy
  • Environmental or home hazards
  • Visual impairment
  • Peripheral sensory neuropathy
Full details

Uncommon

  • Vestibular dysfunction
  • Gait disorders
  • Dementia
  • Delirium
  • Depression
  • Seizure
  • Subdural haematoma
  • Syncope
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Substance abuse
  • Carotid sinus sensitivity
  • Post-prandial hypotension
Full details

Contributors

Authors

Ronan Factora, MD, FACP, AGSF

Assistant Professor

Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University

Geriatric Medicine Fellowship Program Director

Center for Geriatric Medicine, Medicine Institute

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

Disclosures

RF is a Pfizer stockholder.

Peer reviewers

David Thomas, MD

Professor of Medicine

Division of Geriatric Medicine

Saint Louis University

Saint Louis

MO

Disclosures

DT declares that he has no competing interests.

Adam Darowski, MA, MBBS, MD, FRCP

Consultant Physician

Nuffield Department of Medicine

John Radcliffe Hospital

Oxford

UK

Disclosures

AD declares that he has no competing interests.

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