Last reviewed:December 2019
Last updated:October  2019

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Other diagnostic factors

  • altered mental status
  • headache
  • nausea and/or vomiting
  • gait abnormality
  • ataxia
  • weakness
  • seizures
  • visual disturbances
  • speech deficit
  • aphasia/dysphasia
  • sensory deficit
  • motor weakness
  • visual change
  • cranial nerve palsy
  • papilloedema
  • personality change/emotional lability
  • cognitive decline
  • nystagmus
  • ipsilateral dysmetria
  • acalculia
  • finger agnosia
  • left-right confusion
  • alexia (without agraphia)
  • neglect
  • hypothalamic syndrome

Risk factors

  • white ancestry
  • male sex
  • neurofibromatosis type 1
  • tuberous sclerosis
  • Li-Fraumeni syndrome
  • Turcot's cancer syndrome
  • ionising radiation

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Chief of Neurosurgery

Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Lebanon

NH

Disclosures

TCR is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery

Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Lebanon

NH

Disclosures

LTE declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Timothy C. Ryken and Dr Linton T. Evans would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Manmeet S. Ahluwalia, Dr Susan Chang, and Dr Karine Michaud, previous contributors to this topic.

Peer reviewersVIEW ALL

Associate Professor

The Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center

Duke University Medical Center

Durham

NC

Disclosures

DAR declares that he has no competing interests.

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