Assessment of incidental adrenal mass

Last reviewed: 4 Sep 2022
Last updated: 14 Dec 2021

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Non-secretory adrenal adenomas
Full details

Uncommon

  • Cushing's syndrome
  • Phaeochromocytoma
  • Primary hyperaldosteronism
  • Adrenal cysts
  • Adrenal myelolipomas
  • Adrenal haemangiomas
  • Adrenal ganglioneuroma
  • Granulomatous infiltrative adrenal lesions
  • Adrenocortical carcinoma
  • Adrenal metastases
  • Adrenal malignant melanoma
Full details

Contributors

Authors

Benjamin Viglianti, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor

Radiology

Department of Nuclear Medicine

Ann Arbor Veterans Administration

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor

MI

Disclosures

BV declares that he has no competing interests.

Ka Kit Wong, MBBS

Assistant Professor

Department of Nuclear Medicine

VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System

Ann Arbor

MI

Disclosures

KKW is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Milton D. Gross, MD

Professor

University of Michigan Medical Center

Ann Arbor

MI

Disclosures

MDG is an author of references cited in this topic.

Acknowledgements

Dr Benjamin Viglianti, Dr Ka Kit Wong, and Dr Milton D. Gross would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Anca M. Avram, a previous contributor to this topic.

Disclosures

AMA declares that he has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers

Shehzad Basaria, MD

Assistant Professor

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

Disclosures

SB declares that he has no competing interests.

Lawrence S. Kirschner, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Medicine

Ohio State University

Columbus

OH

Disclosures

LSK declares that he has no competing interests.

  • Assessment of incidental adrenal mass images
  • Guidelines

    • ACR Appropriateness Criteria: adrenal mass evaluation
    • Management of adrenal incidentalomas: European Society of Endocrinology clinical practice guideline in collaboration with the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors
    Guidelines
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