A septic joint will be painful, hot, swollen, and restricted.
Diagnosis is based on the opinion of the clinician experienced in the management of musculoskeletal disease.
In all cases of suspected native joint sepsis, the joint should be aspirated.
In all cases of suspected joint sepsis, empirical antibiotic therapy should be commenced once appropriate cultures have been taken.
Septic arthritis is defined as the infection of 1 or more joints caused by pathogenic inoculation of microbes. It occurs either by direct inoculation or via haematogenous spread.
Consultant Physician and Rheumatologist
Northwick Park Hospital
AK declares that he has no competing interests.
Infectious Disease Consultant
Hamilton Regional Laboratory Medicine Program
Hamilton Health Sciences
CM declares that she has no competing interests.
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
JR declares that he has no competing interests.
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