Typically occurs in older people and has a distinctive clinical appearance. There are several clinical variants, 1 of which occurs in childhood.
In the prodromal, non-bullous phase, pruritus of variable intensity may be accompanied by eczematous or urticarial lesions for weeks or months.
In the bullous stage, characteristic, tense vesicles or bullae develop on apparently normal or erythematous skin of the pre-existing eczematous or urticarial eruption. If the blisters burst, the eroded, crusty areas slowly heal to leave post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
The lesions are usually symmetrical and favour the flexural aspects of the extremities, lower trunk, and abdomen.
The treatment goal is to decrease or stop blister formation, to promote healing of existing blisters and erosions, and to control the associated pruritus. Topical and systemic corticosteroids, as well as other immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory agents, are used.
Bullous pemphigoid is a chronic, acquired autoimmune blistering disease characterised by auto-antibodies against hemidesmosomal antigens, resulting in the formation of a sub-epidermal blister. 
Associate Professor of Dermatology and Pathology
Dermatopathology Fellowship Program
Section of Dermatology
Department of Medicine
The University of Chicago
VPR declares that she has no competing interests.
Clinical Professor of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology
Jefferson Center for International Dermatology
Jefferson Medical College
Thomas Jefferson University
LP declares that he has no competing interests.
Assistant Professor of Dermatology
Department of Dermatology
University of Pittsburgh
TP declares that he has no competing interests.
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