Last reviewed: 6 Nov 2021
Last updated: 29 Nov 2018

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • presence of risk factors
  • mid-systolic click
  • late-systolic murmur

Risk factors

  • family history
  • slim body type
  • connective tissue disorders

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors

Brian Griffin, MD

Section Head

Section of Cardiovascular Imaging

Heart and Vascular Institute

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

Disclosures

BG declares that he has no competing interests.

Serge Harb, MD

Cardiology Fellow

Heart and Vascular Institute

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

Disclosures

SH declares that he has no competing interests.

Acknowledgements

Dr Brian Griffin and Dr Serge Harb would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Carmel Halley, a previous contributor to this topic. CH declares that she has no competing interests.

Peer reviewers

John Dent, MD

Associate Professor of Internal Medicine

Director of Stress Testing Laboratory and Echocardiography

University of Virginia Health System

Cardiovascular Fellowship Program

Charlottesville

VA

Disclosures

JD declares that he has no competing interests.

Prakash Punjabi, MBBS

Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer

National Heart and Lung Institute

Imperial College London

London

UK

Disclosures

PP declares that he has no competing interests.

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