Last reviewed: November 2018
Last updated: September  2018

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
  • Delirium
  • Depression
  • Alzheimer's dementia
  • Vascular dementia
  • Lewy body dementia

Uncommon

  • Amnestic syndromes
  • Aphasia
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Huntington's disease
  • Brain tumours
  • Cushing's syndrome
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Acute intermittent porphyria
  • Primary hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Wilson's disease
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Lyme disease
  • Tuberculosis
  • Syphilis (late)
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Sjogren's syndrome
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Medication use
  • Toxin-induced
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Professor of Psychiatry

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine 

Cleveland

OH

Disclosures

RT declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Rajesh Tampi would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Sarper Taskiran, Dr Javier Lopez, and Dr Sunanda Muralee, the previous contributors to this monograph. ST, JL, and SM declare that they have no competing interests.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Associate Professor of Psychiatry

Yale School of Medicine

New Haven

CT

Disclosures

KW declares that she has no competing interests.

Director

Memory Disorders Program

Department of Neurology

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

NC

Disclosures

DK has received research support, speaking honoraria, and consulting fees from Eisai, Forest Laboratories, Johnson & Johnson, Medivation, Novartis, Ortho-McNeil, and Pfizer.

Professor Emeritus of Mental Health

University of Aberdeen Institute of Applied Health Sciences

Aberdeen

UK

Disclosures

LW declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health

Las Vegas

NV

Disclosures

RS declares that he has no competing interests.

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