脊柱侧弯

参考文献

关键文献

Parent S, Newton PO, Wenger DR. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: etiology, anatomy, natural history, and bracing. Instr Course Lect. 2005;54:529-36. 摘要

Newton PO, Wenger DR. Idiopathic scoliosis. In Morrissy RT, Weinstein SL, eds. Lovell and Winter's pediatric orthopaedics. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 2006:693-762.

Negrini S, Grivas TB, Kotwicki T, et al; International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT). Guidelines on "Standards of management of idiopathic scoliosis with corrective braces in everyday clinics and in clinical research": SOSORT Consensus 2008. Scoliosis. 2009 Jan 16;4:2.全文  摘要

Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, et al. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a new classification to determine extent of spinal arthrodesis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 Aug;83(8):1169-81. 摘要

Harrop JS, Birknes J, Shaffrey CI. Noninvasive measurement and screening techniques for spinal deformities. Neurosurgery. 2008 Sep;63(3 Suppl):46-53. 摘要

Cobb JR. The problem of the primary curve. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1960 Dec;42-A:1413-25. 摘要

Yawn B, Yawn RA. Efficacy of school scoliosis screening. Orthopedics. 2001 Apr;24(4):317. 摘要

Weinstein SL, Dolan LA, Spratt KF, et al. Health and function of patients with untreated idiopathic scoliosis: a 50-year natural history study. JAMA. 2003 Feb 5;289(5):559-67.全文  摘要

Weinstein SL. Idiopathic scoliosis. Natural history. Spine. 1986 Oct;11(8):780-3. 摘要

Dolan LA, Wright JG, Weinstein SL. Effects of bracing in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. N Engl J Med. 2014 Feb 13;370(7):681.全文  摘要

Dickson JH, Mirkovic S, Noble PC, et al. Results of operative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis in adults. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Apr;77(4):513-23. 摘要

Suk SI, Lee CK, Kim WJ, et al. Segmental pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 1995 Jun 15;20(12):1399-405. 摘要

Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH 3rd, et al. Comparison of anterior and posterior instrumentation for correction of adolescent thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 1999 Feb 1;24(3):225-39. 摘要

Ascani E, Bartolozzi P, Logroscino CA, et al. Natural history of untreated idiopathic scoliosis after skeletal maturity. Spine. 1986 Oct;11(8):784-9. 摘要

Edgar MA, Mehta MH. Long-term follow-up of fused and unfused idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1988 Nov;70(5):712-6.全文  摘要

参考文献

1. Parent S, Newton PO, Wenger DR. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: etiology, anatomy, natural history, and bracing. Instr Course Lect. 2005;54:529-36. 摘要

2. Newton PO, Wenger DR. Idiopathic scoliosis. In Morrissy RT, Weinstein SL, eds. Lovell and Winter's pediatric orthopaedics. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 2006:693-762.

3. Negrini S, Grivas TB, Kotwicki T, et al; International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT). Guidelines on "Standards of management of idiopathic scoliosis with corrective braces in everyday clinics and in clinical research": SOSORT Consensus 2008. Scoliosis. 2009 Jan 16;4:2.全文  摘要

4. King HA, Moe JH, Bradford DS, et al. The selection of fusion levels in thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983 Dec;65(9):1302-13. 摘要

5. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, et al. Intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the classification of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998 Aug;80(8):1097-106. 摘要

6. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Clements D, et al. Curve prevalence of a new classification of operative adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: does classification correlate with treatment? Spine. 2002 Mar 15;27(6):604-11. 摘要

7. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Haher TR, et al. Multisurgeon assessment of surgical decision-making in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: curve classification, operative approach, and fusion levels. Spine. 2001 Nov 1;26(21):2347-53. 摘要

8. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, et al. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a new classification to determine extent of spinal arthrodesis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 Aug;83(8):1169-81. 摘要

9. Kane WJ. Scoliosis prevalence: a call for a statement of terms. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1977 Jul-Aug;(126):43-6. 摘要

10. Montgomery F, Willner S. The natural history of idiopathic scoliosis. Incidence of treatment in 15 cohorts of children born between 1963 and 1977. Spine. 1997 Apr 1;22(7):772-4. 摘要

11. Stirling AJ, Howel D, Millner PA, et al. Late-onset idiopathic scoliosis in children six to fourteen years old. A cross-sectional prevalence study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996 Sep;78(9):1330-6. 摘要

12. Bunnell WP. The natural history of idiopathic scoliosis before skeletal maturity. Spine. 1986 Oct;11(8):773-6. 摘要

13. Hadley Miller N. Spine update: genetics of familial idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 2000 Sep 15;25(18):2416-8. 摘要

14. Kesling KL, Reinker KA. Scoliosis in twins. A meta-analysis of the literature and report of six cases. Spine. 1997 Sep 1;22(17):2009-14. 摘要

15. Lowe TG, Edgar M, Margulies JY, et al. Etiology of idiopathic scoliosis: current trends in research. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000 Aug;82(8):1157-68. 摘要

16. Chan V, Fong GC, Luk KD, et al. A genetic locus for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis linked to chromosome 19p13.3. Am J Hum Genet. 2002 Aug;71(2):401-6.全文  摘要

17. Justice CM, Miller NH, Marosy B, et al. Familial idiopathic scoliosis: evidence of an X-linked susceptibility locus. Spine. 2003 Mar 15;28(6):589-94. 摘要

18. Salehi LB, Mangino M, De Serio S, et al. Assignment of a locus for autosomal dominant idiopathic scoliosis (IS) to human chromosome 17p11. Hum Genet. 2002 Oct;111(4-5):401-4. 摘要

19. Wise CA, Barnes R, Gillum J, et al. Localization of susceptibility to familial idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 2000 Sep 15;25(18):2372-80. 摘要

20. Morcuende JA, Minhas R, Dolan L, et al. Allelic variants of human melatonin 1A receptor in patients with familial adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 2003 Sep 1;28(17):2025-8. 摘要

21. Leet AI, Magur E, Lee JS, et al. Fibrous dysplasia in the spine: prevalence of lesions and association with scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Mar;86(3):531-7. 摘要

22. Mancini F, Corsi A, De Maio F, et al. Scoliosis and spine involvement in fibrous dysplasia of bone. Eur Spine J. 2009 Feb;18(2):196-202. 摘要

23. Risser JC. The Iliac apophysis; an invaluable sign in the management of scoliosis. Clin Orthop. 1958;11:111-9. 摘要

24. Lonstein JE, Carlson JM. The prediction of curve progression in untreated idiopathic scoliosis during growth. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1984 Sep;66(7):1061-71. 摘要

25. Peterson LE, Nachemson AL. Prediction of progression of the curve in girls who have adolescent idiopathic scoliosis of moderate severity. Logistic regression analysis based on data from The Brace Study of the Scoliosis Research Society. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Jun;77(6):823-7. 摘要

26. Sanders JO, Little DG, Richards BS. Prediction of the crankshaft phenomenon by peak height velocity. Spine. 1997 Jun 15;22(12):1352-6. 摘要

27. Harrop JS, Birknes J, Shaffrey CI. Noninvasive measurement and screening techniques for spinal deformities. Neurosurgery. 2008 Sep;63(3 Suppl):46-53. 摘要

28. Grossman TW, Mazur JM, Cummings RJ. An evaluation of the Adams forward bend test and the scoliometer in a scoliosis school screening setting. J Pediatr Orthop. 1995 Jul-Aug;15(4):535-8. 摘要

29. Ashworth MA, Hancock JA, Ashworth L, et al. Scoliosis screening. An approach to cost/benefit analysis. Spine. 1988 Oct;13(10):1187-8. 摘要

30. Bunnell WP. An objective criterion for scoliosis screening. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1984 Dec;66(9):1381-7. 摘要

31. Zaoussis AL, James JI. The iliac apophysis and the evolution of curves in scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1958 Aug;40-B(3):442-53.全文  摘要

32. Cobb JR. The problem of the primary curve. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1960 Dec;42-A:1413-25. 摘要

33. Yawn B, Yawn RA. Efficacy of school scoliosis screening. Orthopedics. 2001 Apr;24(4):317. 摘要

34. Yawn BP. School-screening for scoliosis. A prospective epidemiological study in northwestern and central Greece. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998 Aug;80(8):1244. 摘要

35. Yawn BP. Reassessing scoliosis screening: new definitions, new criteria. Adm Radiol J. 2000;19(8):14-7. 摘要

36. Yawn B, Yawn RA. The estimated cost of school scoliosis screening. Spine. 2000 Sep 15;25(18):2387-91. 摘要

37. Lonstein JE. Why school screening for scoliosis should be continued. Spine. 1988 Oct;13(10):1198-200. 摘要

38. Fong DY, Lee CF, Cheung KM, et al. A meta-analysis of the clinical effectiveness of school scoliosis screening. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 May 1;35(10):1061-71. 摘要

39. Sabirin J, Bakri R, Buang SN, et al. School scoliosis screening programme-a systematic review. Med J Malaysia. 2010 Dec;65(4):261-7.全文  摘要

40. Weinstein SL, Dolan LA, Spratt KF, et al. Health and function of patients with untreated idiopathic scoliosis: a 50-year natural history study. JAMA. 2003 Feb 5;289(5):559-67.全文  摘要

41. Bagnall KM, Beuerlein M, Johnson P, et al. Pineal transplantation after pinealectomy in young chickens has no effect on the development of scoliosis. Spine. 2001 May 1;26(9):1022-7. 摘要

42. Goldberg MS, Mayo NE, Poitras B, et al. The Ste-Justine Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Cohort Study. Part II: Perception of health, self and body image, and participation in physical activities. Spine. 1994 Jul 15;19(14):1562-72. 摘要

43. Weinstein SL. Idiopathic scoliosis. Natural history. Spine. 1986 Oct;11(8):780-3. 摘要

44. Weinstein SL, Ponseti IV. Curve progression in idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983 Apr;65(4):447-55. 摘要

45. Weinstein SL, Zavala DC, Ponseti IV. Idiopathic scoliosis: long-term follow-up and prognosis in untreated patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981 Jun;63(5):702-12. 摘要

46. Sponseller PD. Bracing for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in practice today. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb;31(1 Suppl):S53-60. 摘要

47. Kotwicki T, Durmala J, Czaprowski D, et al. Conservative management of idiopathic scoliosis: guidelines based on SOSORT 2006 Consensus. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 2009 Sep-Oct;11(5):379-95. 摘要

48. Dolan LA, Wright JG, Weinstein SL. Effects of bracing in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. N Engl J Med. 2014 Feb 13;370(7):681.全文  摘要

49. Negrini S, Minozzi S, Bettany-Saltikov J, et al. Braces for idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jun 18;(6):CD006850.全文  摘要

50. Dickson JH, Mirkovic S, Noble PC, et al. Results of operative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis in adults. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Apr;77(4):513-23. 摘要

51. Kim YJ, Lenke LG, Kim J, et al. Comparative analysis of pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 2006 Feb 1;31(3):291-8. 摘要

52. Lenke LG. Debate: Resolved, a 55 degrees right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliotic curve should be treated by posterior spinal fusion and segmental instrumentation using thoracic pedicle screws: Pro: Thoracic pedicle screws should be used to treat a 55 degrees right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 May-Jun;24(3):329-34. 摘要

53. Suk SI, Lee CK, Kim WJ, et al. Segmental pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 1995 Jun 15;20(12):1399-405. 摘要

54. Suk SI, Lee SM, Chung ER, et al. Selective thoracic fusion with segmental pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis: more than 5-year follow-up. Spine. 2005 Jul 15;30(14):1602-9. 摘要

55. Muschik MT, Kimmich H, Demmel T. Comparison of anterior and posterior double-rod instrumentation for thoracic idiopathic scoliosis: results of 141 patients. Eur Spine J. 2006 Jul;15(7):1128-38. 摘要

56. Turi M, Johnston CE 2nd, Richards BS. Anterior correction of idiopathic scoliosis using TSRH instrumentation. Spine. 1993 Mar 15;18(4):417-22. 摘要

57. Newton PO. The use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Instr Course Lect. 2005;54:551-8. 摘要

58. Newton PO, Faro FD, Gollogly S, et al. Results of preoperative pulmonary function testing of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. A study of six hundred and thirty-one patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Sep;87(9):1937-46. 摘要

59. Newton PO, Marks M, Faro F, et al. Use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery to reduce perioperative morbidity in scoliosis surgery. Spine. 2003 Oct 15;28(20):S249-54. 摘要

60. Newton PO, Parent S, Marks M, et al. Prospective evaluation of 50 consecutive scoliosis patients surgically treated with thoracoscopic anterior instrumentation. Spine. 2005 Sep 1;30(17 Suppl):S100-9. 摘要

61. Newton PO, Wenger DR, Mubarak SJ, et al. Anterior release and fusion in pediatric spinal deformity. A comparison of early outcome and cost of thoracoscopic and open thoracotomy approaches. Spine. 1997 Jun 15;22(12):1398-406. 摘要

62. Newton PO, White KK, Faro F, et al. The success of thoracoscopic anterior fusion in a consecutive series of 112 pediatric spinal deformity cases. Spine. 2005 Feb 15;30(4):392-8. 摘要

63. Reddi V, Clarke DV Jr, Arlet V. Anterior thoracoscopic instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a systematic review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Aug 15;33(18):1986-94. 摘要

64. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH 3rd, et al. Comparison of anterior and posterior instrumentation for correction of adolescent thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 1999 Feb 1;24(3):225-39. 摘要

65. Lenke LG. Anterior endoscopic discectomy and fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 2003 Aug 1;28(15 Suppl):S36-43. 摘要

66. Lowe TG, Alongi PR, Smith DA, et al. Anterior single rod instrumentation for thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with and without the use of structural interbody support. Spine. 2003 Aug 1;28(15 Suppl):S36-43. 摘要

67. Mayo NE, Goldberg MS, Poitras B, et al. The Ste-Justine Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Cohort Study. Part III: back pain. Spine. 1994 Jul 15;19(14):1573-81. 摘要

68. Collis DK, Ponseti IV. Long-term follow-up of patients with idiopathic scoliosis not treated surgically. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1969 Apr;51(3):425-45. 摘要

69. Ascani E, Bartolozzi P, Logroscino CA, et al. Natural history of untreated idiopathic scoliosis after skeletal maturity. Spine. 1986 Oct;11(8):784-9. 摘要

70. Nachemson A. A long term follow-up study of non-treated scoliosis. Acta Orthop Scand. 1968;39(4):466-76. 摘要

71. Branthwaite MA. Cardiorespiratory consequences of unfused idiopathic scoliosis. Br J Dis Chest. 1986 Oct;80(4):360-9. 摘要

72. Edgar MA, Mehta MH. Long-term follow-up of fused and unfused idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1988 Nov;70(5):712-6.全文  摘要

73. Pehrsson K, Bake B, Larsson S, et al. Lung function in adult idiopathic scoliosis: a 20 year follow up. Thorax. 1991 Jul;46(7):474-8.全文  摘要

74. Pehrsson K, Danielsson A, Nachemson A. Pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a 25 year follow up after surgery or start of brace treatment. Thorax. 2001 May;56(5):388-93.全文  摘要

75. Dickson RA. Spinal disorders and low back pain. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1999 May;81(3):378-9.全文  摘要

76. Newton PO, Upasani VV, Lhamby J, et al. Surgical treatment of main thoracic scoliosis with thoracoscopic anterior instrumentation. a five-year follow-up study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Oct;90(10):2077-89. 摘要

77. Lehman RA Jr, Lenke LG, Keeler KA, et al. Operative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with posterior pedicle screw-only constructs: minimum three-year follow-up of one hundred fourteen cases. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Jun 15;33(14):1598-604. 摘要

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