失语评估

最后审阅: 30 五月 2022
最后更新: 09 四月 2021

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 缺血性卒中
  • 脑出血
  • 阿尔茨海默病
  • 颅脑外伤
完整详情

不常见

  • 硬膜下血肿
  • 蛛网膜下腔出血
  • 偏头痛
  • 疱疹性脑炎
  • 西尼罗河病毒性脑炎
  • 细菌感染/脓肿
  • 真菌性脓肿
  • 朊病毒病
  • 弓形虫病
  • 莱姆病
  • 非流利型/语法错乱型原发性进行性失语症 (PPA)
  • 语义型PPA
  • 少言型PPA
  • 失语症构音障碍运动神经元病(肌萎缩侧索硬化 [ALS]-额颞叶变性)
  • 原发性脑瘤
  • 脑转移
  • 多发性硬化
  • 结节病
  • 急性播散性脑脊髓炎
  • 癫痫发作
  • 转换障碍
  • Wernicke 脑病(硫胺素缺乏病)
完整详情

撰稿人

作者

Argye E. Hillis, MD, MA

Professor of Neurology

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

AEH receives research grant support from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), is member of the Board of Directors of the World Stroke Association, receives payment from the American Heart Association for her role as Associate Editor of Stroke, and from Elsevier for her role as Associate Editor of Practice Update Neurology. AEH receives royalties from Psychology Press for a book she edited (Handbook of Adult Language Disorders). She has received an honorarium and travel reimbursement from Sun Pharmaceuticals to lecture on Aphasia at a CME conference in India. AEH is also an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

同行评议者

Rajesh R. Tampi, MD, MS

Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry

Yale University School of Medicine

New Haven

CT

利益声明

RRT declares that he has no competing interests.

Cory Toth, BSc, MD, FRCP(C)

Assistant Professor of Neurosciences

Hotchkiss Brain Institute

University of Calgary

Alberta

Canada

利益声明

CT declares that he has no competing interests.

Alexander Leff, MBBS, BSc, MRCP, PhD

Senior Clinical Lecturer and Honorary Consultant Neurologist

Institute of Neurology

National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery

University College London

London

UK

利益声明

AL declares that he has no competing interests.

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