最近审阅: 1 十一月 2020
最近更新: 31 十二月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 睑板(眼睑下)结膜炎症
  • 睑板下滤泡
  • 下结膜瘢痕形成
  • 倒睫(任何眼球部分接触 1 根或多根睫毛)
  • 角膜混浊和视力丧失
  • 赫伯特氏小窝(角膜缘周围的小窝)

其他诊断因素

  • 无症状
  • 眼和鼻分泌物
  • 红眼
  • 让人痛苦的流泪
  • 角膜缘(角膜和巩膜交界处)滤泡
  • 血管翳(血管蔓延到透明角膜上)

危险因素

  • 儿童(活动性感染)
  • 面部卫生不佳
  • 女性
  • 贫穷
  • 社区卫生不佳
  • 居住在流行区或从流行区迁出

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 聚合酶链反应(结膜拭子)
更多 需考虑的检查

新兴检查

  • 床边结膜拭子浸渍片检测
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Help Me See Chief Medical Officer

Director of International Relations

IMO (Mexican Institute of Ophthalmology)

Santiago de Queretaro

Mexico

利益声明

VCL declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Trachoma Control Program

The Carter Center

Atlanta

GA

利益声明

KC declares that she has no competing interests.

Director

International Trachoma Initiative

Decatur

GA

利益声明

PE declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Van Charles Lansingh, Ms Kelly Callahan, and Dr Paul Emerson wish to gratefully acknowledge Dr Heathcote R. Wright and Dr Hugh R. Taylor, previous contributors to this topic. HRW and HRT are authors of a number of references cited in the topic.

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Lecturer

International Centre for Eye Health

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

London

UK

利益声明

MB declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Miller School of Medicine

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute

University of Miami

Miami

FL

利益声明

VP declares that he has no competing interests.

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