最后审阅: 30 十月 2021
最后更新: 01 十二月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 目击到床虫
  • 不规则线状分布的红色丘疹
  • 在早晨注意到新的皮疹。
  • 瘙痒

其他诊断因素

  • 疼痛或烧灼感
  • 丘疹性或泛发性荨麻疹
  • 大疱
  • 泛发性荨麻疹/哮鸣/喘鸣/低血压
  • 床单上发现血斑或粪斑

危险因素

  • 高流动环境
  • 近期旅行过
  • 家中存在二手家具

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 患处皮肤刮片(矿物油制剂)
  • 皮肤活检

治疗流程

急症处理

撰稿人

作者

Julian J. Trevino, MD

Professor of Dermatology

Chair

Department of Dermatology

Boonshoft School of Medicine

Wright State University

Dayton

OH

利益声明

JJT declares that he has no competing interests.

Elizabeth Usedom, MD, MS

Dermatology Resident Physician

Department of Dermatology

Boonshoft School of Medicine

Wright State University

Dayton

OH

利益声明

EU declares that she has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Dr Julian Trevino and Dr Elizabeth Usedom would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Suzanna Dundon and Dr David Carr, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

SD and DRC declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者

Richard deShazo, MD

Chairman and Professor

Department of Medicine

Professor of Pediatrics

Billy S. Guyton Distinguished Professor

University of Mississippi Medical Center

Jackson

MS

利益声明

RD declares that he has no competing interests.

Xuan Nguyen, MD

Faculty Physician

Dermatology and Pediatric Dermatology

Phoenix Children's Hospital

Phoenix

AZ

利益声明

XN declares that she has no competing interests.

Ian F. Burgess, MSc, MPhil

Professor

Director

Medical Entomology Centre

University of Cambridge

Cambridge

UK

利益声明

IFB has been a consultant to various manufacturers of pharmaceutical products, alternative therapies, and combs for treating louse infections. IFB is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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