最近审阅: 27 十月 2020
最近更新: 14 七月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 近期有上呼吸道感染
  • 呼吸困难
  • 咳嗽
  • 呼气相哮鸣音
  • 鼻息肉

危险因素

  • 家族史
  • 过敏原
  • 过敏史
  • 鼻息肉
  • 肥胖
  • 胃食管反流
  • 阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • FEV₁/FVC 比值
  • 呼气流速峰值 (PEFR)
  • 胸部 X 线检查(CXR)
  • 全血细胞计数(FBC)
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 支气管激发试验
  • 过敏原特异性 IgE 免疫测定
  • 皮肤过敏原点刺试验
更多 需考虑的检查

新兴检查

  • 呼出气一氧化氮 (FeNO)
  • 痰嗜酸粒细胞增多
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Fellow

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Department of Medicine

Stanford University School of Medicine

Stanford

CA

利益声明

LE declares that she has no competing interests.

Clinical Assistant Professor (Affiliated)

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Department of Medicine

Stanford University School of Medicine

Stanford

CA

利益声明

SM declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Lauren Eggert and Dr Sourav Majumdar would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Irwani Ibrahim, Dr Kay Choong See, Dr Francis Thien, and Dr Catherine Weiler, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

II, KCS, FT, and CW declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Clinical Director

Division of Allergy and Inflammation

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center/Harvard Medical School

Boston

MA

利益声明

JS is a consultant for Aventis, GSK, and Novartis/Genentech; is on the Speakers Bureau for Merck, Aventis, GSK, AstraZeneca, Pfizer, Novartis/Genentech, Inspire, and UCB; has had research sponsored by GSK; is an expert witness at Haemonetics; and has received publication honorarium at Emedicine.

Research Manager

Imperial College Healthcare Trust

NHLI Airways Division

Imperial College London (Honorary) Respiratory Research

Chest & Allergy

St Mary's Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

SMSS declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of Respiratory Medicine

Respiratory Medicine Section

Division of Immunology, Infection & Inflammation

University of Glasgow

Glasgow

UK

利益声明

NT declares that he has no competing interests.

内容使用需遵循免责声明