最后审阅: 22 五月 2021
最后更新: 11 三月 2021

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 脱发
  • 非瘢痕性秃发
  • 惊叹号样发
  • 在秃发区皮肤表现正常
  • 顶针样甲

危险因素

  • 自身免疫性疾病
  • 自身免疫病的家族史

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 临床诊断
  • 拔发试验阳性

需考虑的检查

  • 皮肤活组织检查
  • 毛发镜检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Senior Consultant

Department of Family Medicine

National University Health System

Singapore

利益声明

FSL served on the executive committee in the council of the College of Family Physicians Singapore until 2019.

Assistant Director

Research Support Unit

Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine

National University of Singapore

Singapore

利益声明

MS declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Fong Seng Lim and Dr Miny Samuel would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Richard A. Strick, Dr Jack Green, and Dr Paradi Mirmirani, previous contributors to this topic. RAS is an honorary member of the National Alopecia Areata Foundation (NAAF) clinical scientific advisory board. JG is an author of a reference cited in this topic. PM declares that he has no competing interests.

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Professor and Chair

Department of Dermatology

University of Minnesota

Minneapolis

MN

利益声明

MH declares that she has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of Dermatology

University Hospital of Zurich

Zurich

Switzerland

利益声明

RMT is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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