最近审阅: 3 十一月 2020
最近更新: 20 九月 2018

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 单纯性紫癜
  • 老年性紫癜
  • 药物治疗
  • 酒精滥用
  • 药物诱导的血小板减少症
  • 血小板贮池疾病
  • 血管性血友病
  • 维生素 K 缺乏
  • 肝硬化
  • 血管炎

不常见

  • 遗传性毛细血管扩张症 (HHT)
  • 库欣综合征
  • 虐待儿童
  • 虐待老人
  • 免疫性血小板减少症 (ITP)
  • 血栓性血小板减少性紫癜 (TTP)
  • 溶血尿毒症综合征 (HUS)
  • 弥散性血管内凝血 (DIC)
  • Wiskott-Aldrich 综合征
  • MYH9 相关疾病
  • Bernard-Soulier 病
  • 血小板减少症伴桡骨缺失 (TAR) 综合征
  • 血小板无力症
  • 急性髓性白血病
  • 急性淋巴细胞白血病
  • 霍奇金淋巴瘤
  • 非霍奇金淋巴瘤
  • 多发性骨髓瘤
  • 实体瘤伴骨髓浸润
  • 骨髓纤维化
  • 骨髓增生异常综合征
  • 再生障碍性贫血
  • 血友病
  • V、VII、X 或 XI因子缺乏症
  • 获得性凝血抑制物
  • 维生素 C 缺乏症
  • 马方综合征
  • Ehlers-Danlos 综合征
  • 急性肝衰竭
  • 加德纳-戴蒙德综合征

撰稿人

Tzu-Fei Wang

Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine

The Ohio State University

Columbus

OH

利益声明

TW declares that she has received an honorarium from Daiichi Sankyo.

Eric H. Kraut

Professor of Internal Medicine

The Ohio State University

Columbus

OH

利益声明

EHK declares that he has no competing interests.

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Associate Professor

Department of Medicine

McMaster University

Hamilton

Ontario

Canada

利益声明

DMA has received speaking honoraria from Amgen for presentation on immune thrombocytopenia; consulting fees from Amgen, and Bristol-Myers Squibb for ITP related studies; and research grants from Amgen, GlaxoSmithKline, and Hoffman-La Roche for clinical studies in ITP. He is co-author of a reference cited in this topic.

Clinical Scholar

McMaster University

St. Joseph’s Healthcare Hamilton

Hamilton

Ontario

Canada

利益声明

DS declares that she has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics

Nationwide Children’s Hospital

Ohio State University

Columbus

OH

利益声明

RK declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Haematologist

Oxford Haemophilia & Thrombosis Centre

Churchill Hospital

Oxford

UK

利益声明

DK declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Haematology

University of Liverpool

Liverpool

UK

利益声明

CHT declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Haematologist

Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust

Birmingham

UK

利益声明

SP has received a speaker fee from Janssen.

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