最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 14 六月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 上视时复视
  • 眼球位置异常
  • 眼角间距增加
  • 眼迷走神经反射症状(心动过缓、血压过低、恶心/呕吐)

其他诊断因素

  • 视觉障碍
  • 眶周瘀斑
  • 眶周水肿
  • 神经感觉缺失
  • 结膜下出血
  • 眶下缘台阶感
  • 色觉丧失
  • 瞳孔对光反射受损
  • 视力下降

危险因素

  • 青年人和儿童
  • 男性

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 面部 X 线检查
  • 眼眶 CT 扫描
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 眼眶 MRI
  • 被动牵拉试验
  • 视轴检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

South West Cleft Service

United Hospitals Bristol NHS Trust

Bristol

UK

利益声明

ARMC is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Consultant Maxillofacial and Craniofacial Surgeon

University College London Hospitals

London

UK

利益声明

TWL declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Clinical Director

Acute Medicine

Associate Medical Director

Consultant Emergency Medicine

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Clinical Lead and Consultant

Accident Emergency Medicine

St Thomas' Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

AP declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics

Children's Hospital Boston

Harvard Medical School

Boston

MA

利益声明

MIN declares that he has no competing interests.

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