最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 21 五月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在危险因素
  • 发生时间多变性
  • 粉色、红色或蓝色
  • 快速生长
  • 多变的压缩性
  • 扁平状或结节状

其他诊断因素

  • 正常皮岛
  • 溃疡和出血
  • 温热
  • 低出生体重史
  • 多变的疼痛
  • 相关病变缺陷
  • 呈胡须分布和喘鸣
  • 腰骶部
  • 多处病变
  • 婴儿喂养不当,体重不增
  • 高输出性心力衰竭

危险因素

  • 低出生体重
  • 早产儿
  • 白种人
  • 女性
  • 多胎妊娠
  • 高龄产妇
  • 绒毛取样

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 血管瘤的多普勒超声检查
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 血管瘤的 MRI 检查
  • 病灶活组织检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Associate Professor of Dermatology & Child Health

Pediatric Dermatology

University of Missouri – Columbia

Columbia

MO

利益声明

KLM is an investigator in clinical trials with Scioderm, Lilly, and Durata; payments were received by her institution for these trials. None of these are relevant to this topic.

Dr Kari L. Martin would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Tobian Muir, Dr Ingrid Polcari, Dr Annette Wagner, and Dr Carla T. Lee, the previous contributors to this topic. TM, IP, and CTL declare that they have no competing interests. AW: none disclosed.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Head

Department of Dermatology

The Hospital for Sick Children

Toronto

Ontario

Canada

利益声明

EP is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Consultant Dermatologist

King's College Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

EH declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of Clinical Dermatology and Pediatrics

University of California San Francisco

San Francisco

CA

利益声明

IF is a consultant for Pierre Fabre Dermatology, which is involved in clinical trials of propranolol for haemangiomas. IF is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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