Оцінка гіпернатріємії

Посилання

Ключові статті

Singer GG, Brenner BM. Fluid and electrolyte disturbances. In: Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al., eds. Harrison's principles of internal medicine, 17th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies; 2008.

Morris J. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base emergencies. In: Stone CS, Humphries RL, eds. Current diagnosis and treatment. Emergency medicine. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2008:814-835.

Kugler JP, Hustead T. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia in the elderly. Am Fam Physician. 2000;61:3623-3630.Повний текст  Резюме

Перелік літератури

1. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia. In: Cislo GS, De Fer TM, eds. General internal medicine consult. The Washington manual series. 2nd ed. St Louis, MO: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008:158-166.

2. Stelfox HT, Ahmed SB, Khandwala F, et al. The epidemiology of intensive care unit-acquired hyponatremia and hypernatremia in medical-surgical intensive care units. Crit Care. 2008;12:R162.Повний текст  Резюме

3. Singer GG, Brenner BM. Fluid and electrolyte disturbances. In: Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al., eds. Harrison's principles of internal medicine, 17th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies; 2008.

4. Kitabchi AE, Umpierrez GE, Murphy MB, et al. Hyperglycemic crises in adult patients with diabetes: a consensus statement from the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2006;29:2739-2748.Повний текст  Резюме

5. Ford M. Fluids and electrolytes. In: Ford MD, Ling LJ, Delaney KA, et al., eds. Clinical toxicology. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 2001.

6. Giles, H, Vijayan, A. General management of fluids. In: Green GB, Harris IS, Lin GA, et al., eds. The Washington manual of medical therapeutics. 31st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004:46-47.

7. Moritz ML, Manole MD, Bogen DL, et al. Breastfeeding-associated hypernatremia: are we missing the diagnosis? Pediatrics. 2005;116:e343-e347.Повний текст  Резюме

8. Morris J. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base emergencies. In: Stone CS, Humphries RL, eds. Current diagnosis and treatment. Emergency medicine. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2008:814-835.

9. Krige JE, Millar AJ, Rode H, et al. Fatal hypernatraemia after hypertonic saline irrigation of hepatic hydatid cysts. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002;18:64-65. Резюме

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12. Cho KC, Fukagawa M, Kurokawa K. Fluid and electrolyte disorders. In: McPhee SJ, Papadakis MA, eds. Current medical diagnosis and treatment. 48th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2009:767-793.

13. Umpierrez GE, Kelly JP, Navarrete JE, et al. Hyperglycemic crises in urban blacks. Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:669-675. Резюме

14. Trence DL, Hirsch IB. Hyperglycemic crises in diabetes mellitus type 2. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2001;30:817-831. Резюме

15. Kitabchi AE, Fisher JN, Murphy MB, et al. Diabetic ketoacidosis and the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic state. In: Kahn CR, Weir GC, eds. Joslin's diabetes mellitus. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lea and Febiger; 1994:738-770.

16. Kugler JP, Hustead T. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia in the elderly. Am Fam Physician. 2000;61:3623-3630.Повний текст  Резюме

17. Liamis G, Milionis HJ, Elisaf M. A review of drug-induced hypernatraemia. NDT Plus. 2009;2:339-346.

18. Kitabchi AE, Umpierrez GE, Murphy MB, et al. Management of hyperglycemic crises in patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2001;24:131-153.Повний текст  Резюме

19. Chiasson JL, Aris-Jilwan N, Belanger R, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis and the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state. CMAJ. 2003;168:859-866.Повний текст  Резюме

20. Mulatero P, Stowasser M, Loh KC, et al. Increased diagnosis of primary aldosteronism, including surgically correctable forms, in centers from five continents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Mar;89(3):1045-50.Повний текст  Резюме

21. Weinberger MH, Fineberg NS. The diagnosis of primary aldosteronism and separation of two major subtypes. Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:2125-2129. Резюме

22. Dominic JA, Koch M, Guthrie GP Jr., et al. Primary aldosteronism presenting as myoglobinuric acute renal failure. Arch Intern Med. 1978;138:1433-1434. Резюме

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