Опортунистические инфекции, связанные с ВИЧ

Список литературы

Основные статьи

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Institutes of Health; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adults and adolescents with HIV. Jul 2021 [internet publication].Полный текст

Aljohaney A, Amjadi K, Alvarez GG. A systematic review of the epidemiology, immunopathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of pleural TB in HIV-infected patients. Clin Dev Immunol. 2012;2012:842045.Полный текст  Аннотация

Fujii T, Nakamura T, Iwamoto A. Pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with HIV infection: clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and radiological features. J Infect Chemother. 2007 Feb;13(1):1-7. Аннотация

Aberg JA, Gallant JE, Ghanem KG, et al; Infectious Diseases Society of America. Primary care guidelines for the management of persons infected with HIV: 2013 update by the HIV medicine association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Jan;58(1):e1-34.Полный текст  Аннотация

Griffith DE, Aksamit T, Brown-Elliott BA, et al. An official ATS/IDSA statement: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of nontuberculous mycobacterial diseases. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Feb 15;175(4):367-416.Полный текст  Аннотация

Статьи, указанные как источники

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1993 revised classification system for HIV infection and expanded surveillance case definition for AIDS among adolescents and adults. MMWR Recomm Rep. 1992 Dec 18;41(RR-17):1-19.Полный текст  Аннотация

2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Institutes of Health; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adults and adolescents with HIV. Jul 2021 [internet publication].Полный текст

3. Jones BE, Young SM, Antoniskis D, et al. Relationship of the manifestations of tuberculosis to CD4 cell counts in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Nov;148(5):1292-7. Аннотация

4. Breen RA, Smith CJ, Cropley I, et al. Does immune reconstitution syndrome promote active tuberculosis in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy? AIDS. 2005 Jul 22;19(11):1201-6. Аннотация

5. B-Lajoie MR, Drouin O, Bartlett G, et al. Incidence and prevalence of opportunistic and other infections and the impact of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected children in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Jun 15;62(12):1586-94.Полный текст  Аннотация

6. Low A, Gavriilidis G, Larke N, et al. Incidence of opportunistic infections and the impact of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected adults in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Jun 15;62(12):1595-603.Полный текст  Аннотация

7. Hanna DB, Gupta LS, Jones LE, et al. AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses in the HAART era in New York City. AIDS Care. 2007 Feb;19(2):264-72. Аннотация

8. Lewden C, Salmon D, Morlat P, et al. Mortality 2000 study group. Causes of death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy: emerging role of hepatitis and cancers, persistent role of AIDS. Int J Epidemiol. 2005 Feb;34(1):121-30.Полный текст  Аннотация

9. Bonnet F, Lewden C, May T, et al. Mortalite 2000 Study Group. Opportunistic infections as causes of death in HIV-infected patients in the HAART era in France. Scand J Infect Dis. 2005;37(6-7):482-7. Аннотация

10. Raviglione MC, Snider DE Jr, Kochi A. Global epidemiology of tuberculosis. Morbidity and mortality of a worldwide epidemic. JAMA. 1995 Jan 18;273(3):220-6. Аннотация

11. Edwards D, Kirkpatrick CH. The immunology of mycobacterial diseases. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986 Nov;134(5):1062-71. Аннотация

12. Wolinsky E. Mycobacterial diseases other than tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Jul;15(1):1-10. Аннотация

13. Drew WL. Diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infection. Rev Infect Dis. 1988 Jul-Aug;10(suppl 3):S468-76. Аннотация

14. Stringer JR, Beard CB, Miller RF, et al. A new name (Pneumocystis jiroveci) for Pneumocystis from humans. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002 Sep;8(9):891-6.Полный текст  Аннотация

15. Montoya JG, Liesenfeld O. Toxoplasmosis. Lancet. 2004 Jun 12;363(9425):1965-76. Аннотация

16. Luft BJ, Chua A. Central nervous system toxoplasmosis in HIV pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapy. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2000 Aug;2(4):358-62. Аннотация

17. Nosanchuk JD, Shoham S, Fries BC, et al. Evidence of zoonotic transmission of Cryptococcus neoformans from a pet cockatoo to an immunocompromised patient. Ann Intern Med. 2000 Feb 1;132(3):205-8. Аннотация

18. Sorvillo F, Beall G, Turner PA, et al. Incidence and factors associated with extrapulmonary cryptococcosis among persons with HIV infection in Los Angeles County. AIDS. 1997 Apr;11(5):673-9. Аннотация

19. Hellerstein MK, McCune JM. T cell turnover in HIV-1 disease. Immunity. 1997 Nov;7(5):583-9.Полный текст  Аннотация

20. Liu X, Liu H, Guo Z, et al. Association of asymptomatic oral candidal carriage, oral candidiasis and CD4 lymphocyte count in HIV-positive patients in China. Oral Dis. 2006 Jan;12(1):41-4. Аннотация

21. Gottfredsson M, Cox GM, Indridason OS, et al. Association of plasma levels of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA and oropharyngeal Candida colonization. J Infect Dis. 1999 Aug;180(2):534-7.Полный текст  Аннотация

22. Yeh CK, Fox PC, Ship JA, et al. Oral defense mechanisms are impaired early in HIV-1 infected patients. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1988;1(4):361-6. Аннотация

23. Meltzer MS, Skillman DR, Gomatos PJ, et al. Role of mononuclear phagocytes in the pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Annu Rev Immunol. 1990;8:169-94. Аннотация

24. Gray JR, Rabeneck L. Atypical mycobacterial infection of the gastrointestinal tract in AIDS patients. Am J Gastroenterol. 1989 Dec;84(12):1521-4. Аннотация

25. Stacey AR. Isolation of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare-scrofulaceum complex from faeces of patients with AIDS. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986 Nov 8;293(6556):1194.Полный текст  Аннотация

26. Gerna G, Parea M, Percivalle E, et al. Human cytomegalovirus viraemia in HIV-1-seropositive patients at various clinical stages of infection. AIDS. 1990 Oct;4(10):1027-31. Аннотация

27. Gigliotti F, Wright TW. Immunopathogenesis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Expert Rev Mol Med. 2005 Nov 14;7(26):1-16. Аннотация

28. Subauste CS, Remington JS. Immunity to Toxoplasma gondii. Curr Opin Immunol. 1993 Aug;5(4):532-7. Аннотация

29. Yap GS, Scharton-Kersten T, Charest H, et al. Decreased resistance of TNF receptor p55- and p75-deficient mice to chronic toxoplasmosis despite normal activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase in vivo. J Immunol. 1998 Feb 1;160(3):1340-5.Полный текст  Аннотация

30. Chen XM, Keithly JS, Paya CV, et al. Cryptosporidiosis. N Engl J Med. 2002 May 30;346(22):1723-31. Аннотация

31. Sonnenberg P, Glynn JR, Fielding K, et al. How soon after infection with HIV does the risk of tuberculosis start to increase? A retrospective cohort study in South African gold miners. J Infect Dis. 2005 Jan 15;191(2):150-8.Полный текст  Аннотация

32. Havlir DV, Getahun H, Sanne I, et al. Opportunities and challenges for HIV care in overlapping HIV and TB epidemics. JAMA. 2008 Jul 23;300(4):423-30. Аннотация

33. Badri M, Wilson D, Wood R. Effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy on incidence of tuberculosis in South Africa: a cohort study. Lancet. 2002 Jun 15;359(9323):2059-64. Аннотация

34. Phair J, Munoz A, Detels R, et al. The risk of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia among men infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1990 Jan 18;322(3):161-5. Аннотация

35. Grant IH, Gold JW, Rosenblum M, et al. Toxoplasma gondii serology in HIV-infected patients: the development of central nervous system toxoplasmosis in AIDS. AIDS. 1990 Jun;4(6):519-21. Аннотация

36. Pinner RW, Hajjeh RA, Powderly WG. Prospects for preventing cryptococcosis in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Infect Dis. 1995 Aug;21(suppl 1):S103-7. Аннотация

37. Levitz SM. The ecology of Cryptococcus neoformans and the epidemiology of cryptococcosis. Rev Infect Dis. 1991 Nov-Dec;13(6):1163-9. Аннотация

38. Nightingale SD, Byrd LT, Southern PM, et al. Incidence of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex bacteremia in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients. J Infect Dis. 1992 Jun;165(6):1082-5. Аннотация

39. Sax PE. Opportunistic infections in HIV disease: down but not out. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2001 Jun;15(2):433-55. Аннотация

40. Jackson JB, Erice A, Englund JA, et al. Prevalence of cytomegalovirus antibody in hemophiliacs and homosexuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Transfusion. 1988 Mar-Apr;28(2):187-9. Аннотация

41. Lin RY, Goodhart PT. Population characteristics of tuberculosis in an HIV/AIDS registry from an East Harlem Hospital. N Y State J Med. 1991 Jun;91(6):239-42. Аннотация

42. Bennett DE, Courval JM, Onorato I, et al. Prevalence of tuberculosis infection in the United States population: the national health and nutrition examination survey, 1999-2000. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2008 Feb 1;177(3):348-55.Полный текст  Аннотация

43. Selwyn PA, Sckell BM, Alcabes P, et al. High risk of active tuberculosis in HIV-infected drug users with cutaneous anergy. JAMA. 1992 Jul 22-29;268(4):504-9. Аннотация

44. Soysa NS, Ellepola AN. The impact of cigarette/tobacco smoking on oral candidosis: an overview. Oral Dis. 2005 Sep;11(5):268-73. Аннотация

45. Slavinsky J 3rd, Myers T, Swoboda RK, et al. Th1/Th2 cytokine profiles in saliva of HIV-positive smokers with oropharyngeal candidiasis. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2002 Feb;17(1):38-43. Аннотация

46. Carr A, Tindall B, Penny R, et al. Trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole appears more effective than aerosolized pentamidine as secondary prophylaxis against Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with AIDS. AIDS. 1992 Feb;6(2):165-71. Аннотация

47. Podzamczer D, Salazar A, Jimenez J, et al. Intermittent trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole compared with dapsone-pyrimethamine for the simultaneous primary prophylaxis of Pneumocystis pneumonia and toxoplasmosis in patients infected with HIV. Ann Intern Med. 1995 May 15;122(10):755-61. Аннотация

48. Centers for Disease Control. Guidelines for prophylaxis against Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia for persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. MMWR Suppl. 1989 Jun 16;38(5):1-9.Полный текст  Аннотация

49. Trikalinos TA, Ioannidis JP. Discontinuation of Pneumocystis carinii prophylaxis in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus: a meta-analysis and decision analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Dec 1;33(11):1901-9.Полный текст  Аннотация

50. Kovacs JA, Masur H. Prophylaxis against opportunistic infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 2000 May 11;342(19):1416-29. Аннотация

51. Furrer H, Opravil M, Bernasconi E, et al. Stopping primary prophylaxis in HIV-1-infected patients at high risk of toxoplasma encephalitis. Swiss HIV Cohort Study. Lancet. 2000 Jun 24;355(9222):2217-8. Аннотация

52. Sterling TR, Njie G, Zenner D, et al. Guidelines for the treatment of latent tuberculosis infection: recommendations from the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association and CDC, 2020. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2020 Feb 14;69(1):1-11.Полный текст  Аннотация

53. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis: module 1: prevention: tuberculosis preventive treatment. Mar 2020 [internet publication].Полный текст

54. Centers for Disease Control. Update: Fatal and severe liver injuries associated with rifampin and pyrazinamide for latent tuberculosis infection, and revisions in American Thoracic Society/CDC Recommendations - United States, 2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2001 Aug 31;50(34):733-5.Полный текст  Аннотация

55. Greenberg SD, Frager D, Suster B, et al. Active pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with AIDS: spectrum of radiographic findings (including a normal appearance). Radiology. 1994 Oct;193(1):115-9. Аннотация

56. Kennedy DJ, Lewis WP, Barnes PF. Yield of bronchoscopy for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Chest. 1992 Oct;102(4):1040-4. Аннотация

57. Pepper T, Joseph P, Mwenya C, et al. Normal chest radiography in pulmonary tuberculosis: implications for obtaining respiratory specimen cultures. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Apr;12(4):397-403.Полный текст  Аннотация

58. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis. Module 3: diagnosis - rapid diagnostics for tuberculosis detection 2021 update. Jul 2021 [internet publication].Полный текст

59. Aljohaney A, Amjadi K, Alvarez GG. A systematic review of the epidemiology, immunopathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of pleural TB in HIV-infected patients. Clin Dev Immunol. 2012;2012:842045.Полный текст  Аннотация

60. Baba K, Hoosen AA, Langeland N, et al. Adenosine deaminase activity is a sensitive marker for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis in patients with very low CD4 counts. PLoS One. 2008 Jul 30;3(7):e2788.Полный текст  Аннотация

61. Torok ME, Chau TT, Mai PP, et al. Clinical and microbiological features of HIV-associated tuberculous meningitis in Vietnamese adults. PLoS One. 2008 Mar 19;3(3):e1772.Полный текст  Аннотация

62. Aaron L, Saadoun D, Calatroni, I, et al. Tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients: a comprehensive review. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2004 May;10(5):388-98.Полный текст  Аннотация

63. Mistry BJ, Kala UK. Palatial erosion caused by Mycobacterium Avium complex in a human immunodeficiency virus infected child. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Jun;26(6):546-8. Аннотация

64. Blumenthal DR, Zucker JR, Hawkins CC. Mycobacterium avium complex-induced septic arthritis and osteomyelitis in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arthritis Rheum. 1990 May;33(5):757-8.Полный текст  Аннотация

65. Cappell MS, Gupta A. Gastrointestinal hemorrhage due to gastrointestinal Mycobacterium avium intracellulare or esophageal candidiasis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 1992 Feb;87(2):224-9. Аннотация

66. von Reyn CF, Hennigan S, Niemczyk S, et al. Effect of delays in processing on the survival of Mycobacterium avium-M. intracellulare in the isolator blood culture system. J Clin Microbiol. 1991 Jun;29(6):1211-4.Полный текст  Аннотация

67. Chin D, Hopewell PC, Yajko DM, et al. Mycobacterium avium complex in the respiratory or gastrointestinal tract and the risk of M. avium complex bacteremia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1994 Feb;169(2):289-95. Аннотация

68. Koh DM, Burn PR, Mathews G, et al. Abdominal computed tomographic findings of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infection in HIV seropositive patients. Can Assoc Radiol J. 2003 Feb;54(1):45-50. Аннотация

69. Kovacs JA, Hiemenz JW, Macher AM, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: a comparison between patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and patients with other immunodeficiencies. Ann Intern Med. 1984 May;100(5):663-71. Аннотация

70. Mascarenhas DA, Vasudevan VP, Vaidya KP. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Rare cause of hemoptysis. Chest. 1991 Jan;99(1):251-3. Аннотация

71. Hopewell PC, Luce JM. Pulmonary involvement in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Chest. 1985 Jan;87(1):104-12. Аннотация

72. Huang L, Stansell J, Osmond D, et al. Performance of an algorithm to detect Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in symptomatic HIV-infected persons. Chest. 1999 Apr;115(4):1025-32. Аннотация

73. Zaman MK, White DA. Serum lactate dehydrogenase levels and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Diagnostic and prognostic significance. Lancet. 1988 Nov 5;2(8619):1049-51. Аннотация

74. Smith DE, McLuckie A, Wyatt J, et al. Severe exercise hypoxaemia with normal or near normal x-rays: a feature of Pneumocystis carinii infection. Lancet. 1988 Nov 5;2(8619):1049-51. Аннотация

75. Cruciani M, Marcati P, Malena M, et al. Meta-analysis of diagnostic procedures for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-1-infected patients. Eur Respir J. 2002 Oct;20(4):982-9.Полный текст  Аннотация

76. DeLorenzo LJ, Huang CT, Maguire GP, et al. Roentgenographic patterns of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in 104 patients with AIDS. Chest. 1987 Mar;91(3):323-7. Аннотация

77. Abd AG, Nierman DM, Ilowite JS, et al. Bilateral upper lobe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in a patient receiving inhaled pentamidine prophylaxis. Chest. 1988 Aug;94(2):329-31. Аннотация

78. Vermeij CG, van der Pijl JW, Brahim JJ, et al. High-resolution computed tomography scan in Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Chest. 1995 Jan;107(1):293.Полный текст  Аннотация

79. Coleman DL, Dodek PM, Luce JM, et al. Diagnostic utility of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1983 Nov;128(5):795-9. Аннотация

80. Khalkhali I, Mena I, Rauh DA, et al. 111-indium-DTPA-IgG lung imaging in patients with pulmonary and HIV infection. Chest. 1995 May;107(5):1336-41. Аннотация

81. Kroe DM, Kirsch CM, Jensen WA. Diagnostic strategies for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Semin Respir Infect. 1997 Jun;12(2):70-8. Аннотация

82. Smego RA Jr, Orlovic D, Wadula, J. An algorithmic approach to intracranial mass lesions in HIV/AIDS. Int J STD AIDS. 2006 Apr;17(4):271-6. Аннотация

83. Levy RM, Mills CM, Posin JP, et al. The efficacy and clinical impact of brain imaging in neurologically symptomatic AIDS patients: a prospective CT/MRI study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990;3(5):461-71. Аннотация

84. Luft BJ, Hafner R, Korzun AH, et al. Toxoplasmic encephalitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1993 Sep 30;329(14):995-1000.Полный текст  Аннотация

85. Lorberboym M, Wallach F, Estok L, et al. Thallium-201 retention in focal intracranial lesions for differential diagnosis of primary lymphoma and nonmalignant lesions in AIDS patients. J Nucl Med. 1998 Aug;39(8):1366-9.Полный текст  Аннотация

86. Love C, Tomas MB, Tronco GG, et al. FDG PET of infection and inflammation. Radiographics. 2005 Sep-Oct;25(5):1357-68.Полный текст  Аннотация

87. Jabs DA. Ocular manifestations of HIV infection. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1995;93:623-83.Полный текст  Аннотация

88. Kalayjian RC, Cohen ML, Bonomo RA, et al. Cytomegalovirus ventriculoencephalitis in AIDS. A syndrome with distinct clinical and pathologic features. Medicine (Baltimore). 1993 Mar;72(2):67-77. Аннотация

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90. Brantsaeter AB, Holberg-Petersen M, Jeansson S, et al. CMV quantitative PCR in the diagnosis of CMV disease in patients with HIV-infection - a retrospective autopsy based study. BMC Infect Dis. 2007 Nov 6;7:127.Полный текст  Аннотация

91. Bianchi M, Robles AM, Vitale R, et al. The usefulness of blood culture in diagnosing HIV-related systemic mycoses: evaluation of a manual lysis centrifugation method. Med Mycol. 2000 Feb;38(1):77-80.Полный текст  Аннотация

92. Tavitian A, Raufman JP, Rosenthal LE. Oral candidiasis as a marker for esophageal candidiasis in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 1986 Jan;104(1):54-5. Аннотация

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95. Havlir DV, Barnes PF. Tuberculosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 1999 Feb 4;340(5):367-73. Аннотация

96. Armstrong WS, Katz JT, Kazanjian PH. Human immunodeficiency virus-associated fever of unknown origin: a study of 70 patients in the United States and review. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Feb;28(2):341-5.Полный текст  Аннотация

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112. Powderly WG, Mayer KH, Perfect JR. Diagnosis and treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients infected with HIV: a critical reassessment. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1999 Nov 1;15(16):1405-12. Аннотация

113. Skiest DJ, Crosby C. CMV pp65 antigen testing is of limited utility in the diagnosis of concomitant CMV disease in HIV-infected patients in the HAART era. J Clin Virol. 2003 Oct;28(2):203-13. Аннотация

114. Colombo FA, Vidal JE, Penalva de Oliveira AC, et al. Diagnosis of cerebral toxoplasmosis in AIDS patients in Brazil: importance of molecular and immunological methods using peripheral blood samples. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Oct;43(10):5044-7.Полный текст  Аннотация

115. Graybill JR, Sobel J, Saag M, et al. Diagnosis and management of increased intracranial pressure in patients with AIDS and cryptococcal meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jan;30(1):47-54.Полный текст  Аннотация

116. Dupon M, Cazenave J, Pellegrin JL, et al. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii by PCR and tissue culture in cerebrospinal fluid and blood of human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive patients. J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Sep;33(9):2421-6.Полный текст  Аннотация

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118. Akpek G, Lee SM, Gagnon DR, et al. Bone marrow aspiration, biopsy, and culture in the evaluation of HIV-infected patients for invasive mycobacteria and histoplasma infections. Am J Hematol. 2001 Jun;67(2):100-6.Полный текст  Аннотация

119. Tarantino L, Giorgio A, de Stefano G, et al. Disseminated mycobacterial infection in AIDS patients: abdominal US features and value of fine-needle aspiration biopsy of lymph nodes and spleen. Abdom Imaging. 2003 Sep-Oct;28(5):602-8. Аннотация

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