Abuso infantil

Referências

Principais artigos

Gilbert R, Spatz Widom C, Browne K, et al. Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high income countries. Lancet. 2009 Jan 3;373(9657):68-81. Resumo

Geffner R, Loring MT. The effects of intimate partner violence on children: part 2. J Emotional Abuse. 2003;3:155-7.

Keenan HT, Runyan DK, Marshall SW, et al. A population-based study of inflicted traumatic brain injury in young children. JAMA. 2003 Aug 6;290(5):621-6.Texto completo  Resumo

Vinchon M, Defoort-Dhellemmes S, Desurmont M, et al. Accidental and nonaccidental head injuries in infants: a prospective study. J Neurosurg. 2005 May;102(4 Suppl):380-4. Resumo

Louwers EC, Affourtit MJ, Moll HA, et al. Screening for child abuse at emergency departments: a systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 1977 Jun;9(6):579-86. Resumo

Worlock P, Stower M, Barbor P. Patterns of fractures in accidental and non-accidental injury in children: a comparative study. BMJ. 1986 Jul 12;293(6539):100-2.Texto completo  Resumo

Daria S, Sugar NF, Feldman KW, et al. Into hot water head first: distribution of intentional and unintentional immersion burns. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2004 May;20(5):302-10. Resumo

Purdue GF, Hunt JL, Prescott PR. Child abuse by burning - an index of suspicion. J Trauma. 1988 Feb;28(2):221-4. Resumo

Servaes S, Brown SD, Choudhary AK, et al. The etiology and significance of fractures in infants and young children: a critical multidisciplinary review. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 May;46(5):591-600. Resumo

Kemp AM, Jaspan T, Griffiths J, et al. Neuroimaging: what neuroradiological features distinguish abusive from non-abusive head trauma? A systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 2011 Dec;96(12):1103-12. Resumo

Keenan HT, Runyan DK, Marshall SW, et al. A population-based comparison of clinical and outcome characteristics of young children with serious inflicted and noninflicted traumatic brain injury. Pediatrics. 2004 Sep;114(3):633-9. Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Hibbard R, Barlow J, Macmillan H; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect; American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Child Maltreatment and Violence Committee. Psychological maltreatment. Pediatrics. 2012 Aug;130(2):372-8.Texto completo  Resumo

2. HM Government (UK). Working together to safeguard children: a guide to inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. February 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

3. Hymel KP; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. When is lack of supervision neglect? Pediatrics. 2006 Sep;118(3):1296-8.Texto completo  Resumo

4. Jenny C; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect; American Academy of Pediatrics. Recognizing and responding to medical neglect. Pediatrics. 2007 Dec;120(6):1385-9.Texto completo  Resumo

5. Tardieu A. Etude medico-legale sur les services et mauvais traitments exercés sur des enfants. Ann Hyg Pub Med Leg. 1860;13:361-98.

6. Caffey J. Multiple fractures in the long bones of infants suffering from chronic subdural haematoma. Am J Roentgenol. 1946 Aug;56(2):163-73.

7. Silverman FN. The roentgen manifestations of unrecognized skeletal trauma in infants. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1953 Mar;69(3):413-27. Resumo

8. Gilbert R, Spatz Widom C, Browne K, et al. Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high income countries. Lancet. 2009 Jan 3;373(9657):68-81. Resumo

9. Jouriles EN, McDonald R, Slep AM, et al. Child abuse in the context of domestic violence: prevalence, explanations, and practice implications. Violence Vict. 2008;23(2):221-35. Resumo

10. Geffner R, Loring MT. The effects of intimate partner violence on children: part 2. J Emotional Abuse. 2003;3:155-7.

11. Sullivan PM, Knutson JF. The association between child maltreatment and disabilities in a hospital-based epidemiological study. Child Abuse Negl. 1998 Apr;22(4):271-88. Resumo

12. Sidebotham PD, Heron J. The ALSPAC study team. Child maltreatment in the 'children of the nineties': the role of the child. Child Abuse Negl. 2003 Mar;27(3):337-52. Resumo

13. Lee C, Barr RG, Catherine N, et al. Age-related incidence of publicly reported shaken baby syndrome cases: is crying a trigger for shaking? J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2007 Aug;28(4):288-93. Resumo

14. Nelson HB, Martin CA. Increased child abuse in twins. Child Abuse Negl. 1985;9(4):501-5. Resumo

15. Keenan HT, Runyan DK, Marshall SW, et al. A population-based study of inflicted traumatic brain injury in young children. JAMA. 2003 Aug 6;290(5):621-6.Texto completo  Resumo

16. Christian CW, Block R; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect; American Academy of Pediatrics. Abusive head trauma in infants and children. Pediatrics. 2009 May;123(5):1409-11.Texto completo  Resumo

17. Hobbs C, Childs AM, Wynne J, et al. Subdural haematoma and effusion in infancy: an epidemiological study. Arch Dis Child. 2005 Sep;90(9):952-5.Texto completo  Resumo

18. Kemp AM, Stoodley N, Cobley C, et al. Apnoea and brain swelling in non-accidental head injury. Arch Dis Child. 2003 Jun;88(6):472-6.Texto completo  Resumo

19. Vinchon M, Defoort-Dhellemmes S, Desurmont M, et al. Accidental and nonaccidental head injuries in infants: a prospective study. J Neurosurg. 2005 May;102(4 Suppl):380-4. Resumo

20. Ewing-Cobbs L, Prasad M, Kramer L, et al. Acute neuroradiologic findings in young children with inflicted or noninflicted traumatic brain injury. Childs Nerv Syst. 2000 Jan;16(1):25-33. Resumo

21. Datta S, Stoodley N, Jayawant S, et al. Neuroradiological aspects of subdural haemorrhages. Arch Dis Child. 2005 Sep;90(9):947-51. Resumo

22. Ichord RN, Naim M, Pollock AN, et al. Hypoxic-ischemic injury complicates inflicted and accidental traumatic brain injury in young children: the role of diffusion-weighted imaging. J Neurotrauma. 2007 Jan;24(1):106-18. Resumo

23. Wood J, Rubin DM, Nance ML, et al. Distinguishing inflicted versus accidental abdominal injuries in young children. J Trauma. 2005 Nov;59(5):1203-8. Resumo

24. Bulloch B, Schubert CJ, Brophy PD, et al. Cause and clinical characteristics of rib fractures in infants. Pediatrics. 2000 Apr;105(4):E48.Texto completo  Resumo

25. Thomas SA, Rosenfield NS, Leventhal JM, et al. Long bone fractures in young children: distinguishing accidental injuries from child abuse. Pediatrics. 1991 Sep;88(3):471-6. Resumo

26. Scherl SA, Miller L, Lively N, et al. Accidental and non-accidental femur fractures in children. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 Jul;(376):96-105. Resumo

27. Schwend RM, Werth C, Johnston A. Femur shaft fractures in toddlers and young children: rarely from child abuse. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Jul-Aug;20(4):475-81. Resumo

28. Blakemore LC, Loder RT, Hensinger RN. Role of intentional abuse in children 1 to 5 years old with isolated femoral shaft fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1996 Sep-Oct;16(5):585-8. Resumo

29. Dalton HJ, Slovis T, Helfer RE, et al. Undiagnosed abuse in children younger than 3 years with femoral fracture. Am J Dis Child. 1990 Aug;144(8):875-8. Resumo

30. Strait RT, Seigel RM, Shapiro RA. Humeral fractures without obvious etiologies in children less than 3 years of age: when is it abuse? Pediatrics. 1995 Oct;96(4 Pt 1):667-71. Resumo

31. Shaw BA, Murphy KM, Shaw A, et al. Humerus shaft fractures in young children: accident or abuse? J Pediatr Orthop. 1997 May-Jun;17(3):293-7. Resumo

32. Thackeray JD. Frena tears and abusive head injury: a cautionary tale. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 Oct;23(10):735-7. Resumo

33. Cordner SM, Burke MP, Dodd MJ, et al. Issues in child homicides: 11 cases. Legal Medicine. 2001 Jun;3(2):95-103. Resumo

34. Grace A, Grace S. Child abuse within the ear, nose and throat. J Otolaryngol. 1987 Mar;16(2):108-11. Resumo

35. Maguire S, Hunter B, Hunter L, et al; Welsh Child Protection Systematic Review Group. Diagnosing abuse: a systematic review of torn frenum and other intra-oral injuries. Arch Dis Child. 2007 Dec;92(12):1113-7.Texto completo  Resumo

36. Tate RJ. Facial injuries associated with the battered child syndrome. Br J Oral Surg. 1971 Jul;9(1):41-5. Resumo

37. Naidoo S. A profile of the oro-facial injuries in child physical abuse at a children's hospital. Child Abuse Negl. 2000 Apr;24(4):521-34. Resumo

38. Becker DB, Needleman HL, Kotelchuck M. Child abuse and dentistry: orofacial trauma and its recognition by dentists. J Am Dent Assoc. 1978 Jul;97(1):24-8. Resumo

39. Schuman NJ, Hamilton RL. Discovery of child abuse with associated dental fracture in a hospital-affiliated clinic: report of a case with a four-year follow up. Spec Care Dent. 1982 Nov-Dec;2(6):250-1. Resumo

40. Carrotte PV. An unusual case of child abuse. Br Dental J. 1990 Jun 9;168(11):444-5. Resumo

41. Thackeray JD, Hibbard R, Dowd MD; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect; Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention. Intimate partner violence: the role of the pediatrician. Pediatrics. 2010 May;125(5):1094-100.Texto completo  Resumo

42. Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. Child protection companion - 2nd edition. 2013 [internet publication].Texto completo

43. Glaser D. Emotional abuse and neglect (psychological maltreatment): a conceptual framework. Child Abuse Negl. 2002 Jun;26(6-7):697-714. Resumo

44. Block RW, Krebs NF; American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect; American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition. Failure to thrive as a manifestation of child neglect. Pediatrics. 2005 Nov;116(5):1234-7.Texto completo  Resumo

45. Barlow J, Simpkiss D, Stewart Brown S. Interventions to prevent or ameliorate child physical abuse and neglect, findings from a systematic review. J Child Services. 2006 Nov 1;1(3):6-28.

46. Zielinski DS, Eckenrode J, Olds DL. Nurse home visitation and the prevention of child maltreatment: impact on the timing of official reports. Dev Psychopathol. 2009 Spring;21(2):441-53. Resumo

47. Klevens J, Whitaker DJ. Primary prevention of child physical abuse and neglect: gaps and promising directions. Child Maltreat. 2007 Nov;12(4):364-77. Resumo

48. Flaherty EG, Stirling J Jr; American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Clinical report: the pediatrician’s role in child maltreatment prevention. Pediatrics. 2010 Oct;126(4):833-41.Texto completo  Resumo

49. Oveisi S, Ardabili HE, Dadds MR, et al. Primary prevention of parent-child conflict and abuse in Iranian mothers: a randomized-controlled trial. Child Abuse Negl. 2010 Mar;34(3):206-13. Resumo

50. Pinquart M, Teubert D. Effects of parenting education with expectant and new parents: a meta-analysis. J Fam Psychol. 2010 Jun;24(3):316-27. Resumo

51. Segal L, Sara Opie R, Dalziel K. Theory! The missing link in understanding the performance of neonate/infant home-visiting programs to prevent child maltreatment: a systematic review. Milbank Q. 2012 Mar;90(1):47-106. Resumo

52. Dubowitz H, Feigelman S, Lane W, et al. Pediatric primary care to help prevent child maltreatment: the Safe Environment for Every Kid (SEEK) Model. Pediatrics. 2009 Mar;123(3):858-64. Resumo

53. Dubowitz H, Lane WG, Semiatin JN, et al. The SEEK model of pediatric primary care: can child maltreatment be prevented in a low-risk population? Acad Pediatr. 2012 Jul-Aug;12(4):259-68. Resumo

54. Barlow A, Mullany B, Neault N, et al. Paraprofessional-delivered home-visiting intervention for American Indian teen mothers and children: 3-year outcomes from a randomized controlled trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2015 Feb 1;172(2):154-62.Texto completo  Resumo

55. Dias MS, Smith K, DeGuehery K, et al. Preventing abusive head trauma among infants and young children: a hospital-based, parent education program. Pediatrics. 2005 Apr;115(4):e470-7.Texto completo  Resumo

56. Barr RG, Rivara FP, Barr M, et al. Effectiveness of educational materials designed to change knowledge and behaviors regarding crying and shaken-baby syndrome in mothers of newborns: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2009 Mar;123(3):972-80. Resumo

57. Fujiwara T, Yamada F, Okuyama M, et al. Effectiveness of educational materials designed to change knowledge and behavior about crying and shaken baby syndrome: a replication of a randomized controlled trial in Japan. Child Abuse Negl. 2012 Sep;36(9):613-20. Resumo

58. Mikton C, Butchart A. Child maltreatment prevention: a systematic review of reviews. Bull World Health Organ. 2009 May;87(5):353-61.Texto completo  Resumo

59. Selph SS, Bougatsos C, Blazina I, et al. Behavioral interventions and counseling to prevent child abuse and neglect: a systematic review to update the US Preventive services task force recommendation. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Feb 5;158(3):179-90.Texto completo  Resumo

60. Louwers EC, Affourtit MJ, Moll HA, et al. Screening for child abuse at emergency departments: a systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 1977 Jun;9(6):579-86. Resumo

61. Christian CW; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect, American Academy of Pediatrics. The evaluation of suspected child physical abuse. Pediatrics. 2015 May;135(5):e1337-54.Texto completo  Resumo

62. Woodman J, Lecky F, Hodes D, et al. Screening injured children for physical abuse or neglect in emergency departments: a systematic review. Child Care Health Dev. 2010 Mar;36(2):153-64. Resumo

63. Pierce MC, Kaczor K, Aldridge S, et al. Bruising characteristics discriminating physical child abuse from accidental trauma. Pediatrics. 2010 Jan;125(1):67-74. Resumo

64. Hymel KP, Armijo-Garcia V, Foster R, et al; Pediatric Brain Injury Research Network (PediBIRN) Investigators. Validation of a clinical prediction rule for pediatric abusive head trauma. Pediatrics. 2014 Dec;134(6):e1537-44.Texto completo  Resumo

65. Cowley LE, Morris CB, Maguire SA, et al. Validation of a prediction tool for abusive head trauma. Pediatrics. 2015 Aug;136(2):290-8. Resumo

66. Bishop N, Sprigg A, Dalton A. Unexplained fractures in infancy: looking for fragile bones. Arch Dis Child. 2007 Mar;92(3):251-6. Resumo

67. Chiesa A, Duhaime AC. Abusive head trauma. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2009 Apr;56(2):317-31. Resumo

68. Jayawant S, Rawlinson A, Gibbon F, et al. Subdural haemorrhages in infants: population based study. BMJ. 1998 Dec 5;317(7172):1558-61.Texto completo  Resumo

69. Jenny C, Hymel KP, Ritzen A, et al. Analysis of missed cases of abusive head trauma. JAMA. 1999 Feb 17;281(7):621-6. Resumo

70. Maguire S, Pickerd N, Farewell D, et al. Which clinical features distinguish inflicted from non-inflicted brain injury? A systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 2009 Nov;94(11):860-7. Resumo

71. Maguire SA, Kemp AM, Lumb RC, et al. Estimating the probability of abusive head trauma: a pooled analysis. Pediatrics. 2011 Sep;128(3):e550-64. Resumo

72. Bhardwaj G, Chowdhury V, Jacobs MB, et al. A systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of ocular signs in pediatric abusive head trauma. Ophthalmology. 2010 May;117(5):983-92.e17. Resumo

73. Bechtel K, Stoessel K, Leventhal JM, et al. Characteristics that distinguish accidental from abusive injury in hospitalized young children with head trauma. Pediatrics. 2004 Jul;114(1):165-8. Resumo

74. Hughes LA, May K, Talbot JF, et al. Incidence, distribution, and duration of birth-related retinal hemorrhages: a prospective study. J AAPOS. 2006 Apr;10(2):102-6. Resumo

75. Vinchon M, Noulé N, Tchofo PJ, et al. Imaging of head injuries in infants: temporal correlates and forensic implications for the diagnosis of child abuse. J Neurosurg. 2004 Aug;101(1 Suppl):44-52. Resumo

76. Shugerman RP, Paez A, Grossman DC, et al. Epidural hemorrhage: is it abuse? Pediatrics. 1996 May;97(5):664-8. Resumo

77. Gabos PG, Tuten HR, Leet A, et al. Fracture-dislocation of the lumbar spine in an abused child. Pediatrics. 1998 Mar;101(3 Pt 1):473-7. Resumo

78. Katz JS, Oluigbo CO, Wilkinson CC, et al. Prevalence of cervical spine injury in infants with head trauma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 May;5(5):470-3.Texto completo  Resumo

79. Oral R, Rahhal R, Elshershari H, et al. Intentional avulsion fracture of the second cervical vertebra in a hypotonic child. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 May;22(5):352-4. Resumo

80. Diamond P, Hansen CM, Christofersen MR. Child abuse presenting as a thoracolumbar spinal fracture dislocation: a case report. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1994 Apr;10(2):83-6. Resumo

81. Kemp AM, Joshi AH, Mann M, et al. What are the clinical and radiological characteristics of spinal injuries from physical abuse: a systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 2010 May;95(5):355-60. Resumo

82. Cullen JC. Spinal lesions in battered babies. J Bone Joint Surg (Br). 1975 Aug;57(3):364-6. Resumo

83. Barnes PM, Norton CM, Dunstan FD, et al. Abdominal injury due to child abuse. Lancet. 2005 Jul 16-22;366(9481):234-5. Resumo

84. Wegner S, Colletti JE, Van Wie D. Pediatric blunt abdominal trauma. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2006 Apr;53(2):243-56. Resumo

85. Belfer RA, Klein BL, Orr L. Use of the skeletal survey in the evaluation of child maltreatment. Am J Emerg Med. 2001 Mar;19(2):122-4 Resumo

86. Leventhal JM, Thomas SA, Rosenfield NS, et al. Fractures in young children. Distinguishing child abuse from unintentional injuries. Am J Dis Child. 1993 Jan;147(1):87-92. Resumo

87. Kemp AM, Dunstan F, Harrison S, et al. Patterns of skeletal fractures in child abuse: systematic review. BMJ. 2008 Oct 2;337:a1518.Texto completo  Resumo

88. Worlock P, Stower M, Barbor P. Patterns of fractures in accidental and non-accidental injury in children: a comparative study. BMJ. 1986 Jul 12;293(6539):100-2.Texto completo  Resumo

89. Barsness KA, Cha ES, Bensard DD, et al. The positive predictive value of rib fractures as an indicator of nonaccidental trauma in children. J Trauma. 2003 Jun;54(6):1107-10. Resumo

90. Garcia VF, Gotschall CS, Eichelberger MR, et al. Rib fractures in children: a marker of severe trauma. J Trauma. 1990 Jun;30(6):695-700. Resumo

91. Thomas PS. Rib fractures in infancy. Ann Radiol (Paris). 1977 Jan-Feb;20(1):115-22. Resumo

92. Strouse PJ, Owings CL. Fractures of the first rib in child abuse. Radiology. 1995 Dec;197(3):763-5. Resumo

93. Schweich P, Fleisher G. Rib fractures in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1985 Dec;1(4):187-9. Resumo

94. Cadzow SP, Armstrong KL. Rib fractures in infants: Red alert! The clinical features, investigations and child protection outcomes. J Paediatr Child Health. 2000 Aug;36(4):322-6. Resumo

95. Kleinman PK. Diagnostic imaging of child abuse. Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby; 1998.

96. Kleinman PK. Problems in the diagnosis of metaphyseal fractures. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Jun;38 Suppl 3:S388-94. Resumo

97. Farnsworth CL, Silva PD, Mubarak SJ. Etiology of supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998 Jan-Feb;18(1):38-42. Resumo

98. Meservy CJ, Towbin R, McLaurin RL, et al. Radiographic characteristics of skull fractures resulting from child abuse. Am J Roentgenol. 1987 Jul;149(1):173-5.Texto completo  Resumo

99. Reece RM, Sege R. Childhood head injuries: accidental or inflicted? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Jan;154(1):11-5.Texto completo  Resumo

100. Pandya NK, Baldwin K, Kamath AF, et al. Unexplained fractures: child abuse or bone disease? A systematic review. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Mar;469(3):805-12.Texto completo  Resumo

101. Sink EL, Hyman JE, Matheny T, et al. Child abuse: the role of the orthopaedic surgeon in nonaccidental trauma. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Mar;469(3):790-7.Texto completo  Resumo

102. Andreasen JO. Challenges in clinical dental traumatology. Endodont Dent Traumatol. 1985 Apr;1(2):45-55. Resumo

103. McMahon P, Grossman W, Gaffney M, et al. Soft-tissue injury as an indication of child abuse. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Aug;77(8):1179-83. Resumo

104. Ward MG, Ornstein A, Niec A, et al; Canadian Pediatric Society. The medical assessment of bruising in suspected child maltreatment cases: a clinical perspective. Paediatr Child Health. 2013 Oct;18(8):433-42.Texto completo  Resumo

105. Sugar NF, Taylor JA, Feldman KW. Bruises in infants and toddlers; those who don't cruise rarely bruise. Puget Sound Pediatric Research Network. Arch Paediatr Adolesc Med. 1999 Apr;153(4):399-403.Texto completo  Resumo

106. Carpenter RF. The prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies. Arch Dis Child. 1999 Apr;80(4):363-6. Resumo

107. Dunstan FD, Guildea ZE, Kontos K, et al. A scoring system for bruise patterns: a tool for identifying abuse. Arch Dis Child. 2002 May;86(5):330-3.Texto completo  Resumo

108. Chang LT, Tsai MC. Craniofacial injuries from slip, trip, and fall accidents of children. J Trauma. 2007 Jul;63(1):70-4. Resumo

109. Atwal GS, Rutty GN, Carter N, et al. Bruising in non-accidental head injured children; a retrospective study of the prevalence, distribution and pathological associations in 24 cases. Forensic Sci Int. 1998 Sep 28;96(2-3):215-30. Resumo

110. de Silva S, Oates RK. Child homicide - the extreme of child abuse. Med J Aust. 1993 Mar 1;158(5):300-1. Resumo

111. Ghahreman A, Bhasin V, Chaseling R, et al. Nonaccidental head injuries in children: a Sydney experience. J Neurosurg. 2005 Sep;103(3 Suppl):213-8. Resumo

112. Brinkmann B, Puschel K, Matzsch T. Forensic dermatological aspects of the battered child syndrome. Aktuelle Derm. 1979;5:217-32.

113. Murty OP, Ming CJ, Ezani MA, et al. Physical injuries in fatal and non-fatal child abuse cases: a review of 16 years with hands on experience of 2 years in Malaysia. Int J Med Toxicol Legal Med. 2006;9(1):33-43.

114. Sussman SJ. Skin manifestations of the battered-child syndrome. J Paediatr. 1968 Jan;72(1):99. Resumo

115. Nayak K, Spencer N, Shenoy M, et al. How useful is the presence of petechiae in distinguishing non-accidental from accidental injury? Child Abuse Negl. 2006 May;30(5):549-55. Resumo

116. Smith SM, Hanson R. 134 battered children: a medical and psychological study. Br Med J. 1974 Sep 14;3(5932):666-70.Texto completo  Resumo

117. Peters ML, Starling SP, Barnes-Eley ML, et al. The presence of bruising associated with fractures. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Sep;162(9):877-81.Texto completo  Resumo

118. Baker MD, Moore SE. Human bites in children. A six-year experience. Am J Dis Child. 1987 Dec;141(12):1285-90. Resumo

119. Freeman AJ, Senn DR, Arendt DM. Seven hundred seventy eight bite marks: analysis by anatomic location, victim and biter demographics, type of crime, and legal disposition. J Forens Sci. 2005 Nov;50(6):1436-43. Resumo

120. American Board of Forensic Odontology. ID & bitemark guidelines. 2008 [internet publication].Texto completo

121. Levine LJ. Bite marks in child abuse. In: Sanger RG, Bross DC, eds. Clinical management of child abuse and neglect. Chicago, IL: Quintessence; 1984:53-9.

122. Whittaker DK, MacDonald DG. Bitemarks in flesh. In: A colour atlas of forensic dentistry. London, UK: Wolfe Medical Publications; 1989:108.

123. Yin S. Malicious use of pharmaceuticals in children. J Pediatr. 2010 Nov;157(5):832-6.e1 Resumo

124. Dressler DP, Hozid JL. Thermal injury and child abuse: the medical evidence dilemma. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2001 Mar-Apr;22(2):180-5. Resumo

125. Feldman KW. Help needed on hot water burns. Pediatrics. 1983 Jan;71(1):145-6. Resumo

126. Hobbs CJ. When are burns not accidental? Arch Dis Child. 1986 Apr;61(4):357-61.Texto completo  Resumo

127. Yeoh C, Nixon JW, Dickson W, et al. Patterns of scald injuries. Arch Dis Child. 1994 Aug;71(2):156-8.Texto completo  Resumo

128. Daria S, Sugar NF, Feldman KW, et al. Into hot water head first: distribution of intentional and unintentional immersion burns. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2004 May;20(5):302-10. Resumo

129. Allasio D, Fischer H. Immersion scald burns and the ability of young children to climb into a bathtub. Pediatrics. 1990 Mar;6(1):58-61. Resumo

130. Johnson CF, Ericson AK, Caniano D. Walker-related burns in infants and toddlers. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1990 Mar;6(1):58-61. Resumo

131. Sheridan RL. Recognition and management of hot liquid aspiration in children. Ann Emerg Med. 1996 Jan;27(1):89-91. Resumo

132. Titus MO, Baxter AL, Starling SP. Accidental scald burns in sinks. Pediatrics. 2003 Feb;111(2):E191-4.Texto completo  Resumo

133. Ayoub C, Pfeifer D. Burns as a manifestation of child abuse and neglect. Am J Dis Child. 1979 Sep;133(9):910-4. Resumo

134. Zaloga WF, Collins KA. Pediatric homicides related to burn injury: a retrospective review at the Medical University of South Carolina. J Forensic Sci. 2006 Mar;51(2):396-9. Resumo

135. Phillips PS, Pickrell E, Morse TS. Intentional burning: a severe form of child abuse. J Am Coll Emerg Phys. 1974 May;3:388-90.

136. Hicks RA, Stolfi A. Skeletal surveys in children with burns caused by child abuse. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 May;23(5):308-13. Resumo

137. Maguire S, Moynihan S, Mann M, et al. A systematic review of the features that indicate intentional scalds in children. Burns. 2008 Dec;34(8):1072-81. Resumo

138. Purdue GF, Hunt JL, Prescott PR. Child abuse by burning - an index of suspicion. J Trauma. 1988 Feb;28(2):221-4. Resumo

139. Stratman E, Melski J. Scald abuse. Arch Dermatol. 2002 Mar;138(3):318-20. Resumo

140. Darok M, Reischle S. Burn injuries caused by a hair-dryer: an unusual case of child abuse. Forensic Sci Int. 2001 Jan 1;115(1-2):143-6. Resumo

141. Gillespie RW. The battered child syndrome: thermal and caustic manifestations. J Trauma. 1965 Jul;5:523-34. Resumo

142. Grellner W, Metzner G. Child abuse caused by thermal violence - determination and reconstruction. Arch Kriminol. 1995 Jan-Feb;195(1-2):38-46. Resumo

143. Johnson CF. Symbolic scarring and tattooing: unusual manifestations of child abuse. Clin Pediatr. 1994 Jan;33(1):46-9. Resumo

144. Kini N, Lazoritz S, Ott C, et al. Caustic instillation into the ear as a form of child abuse. Am J Emerg Med. 1997 Jul;15(4):442-3. Resumo

145. Telmon N, Allery JP, Dorandeu A, et al. Concentrated bleach burns in a child. J Forensic Sci. 2002 Sep;47(5):1060-1. Resumo

146. Zurbuchen P, LeCoultre C, Calza AM, et al. Cutaneous necrosis after contact with calcium chloride: a mistaken diagnosis of child abuse. Pediatrics. 1996 Feb;97(2):257-8. Resumo

147. Winek CL, Wahba WW, Huston RM. Chemical burn from alkaline batteries - a case report. Forensic Sci Int. 1999 Mar 15;100(1-2):101-4. Resumo

148. The Royal College of Radiologists, The Society and College of Radiographers. The radiological investigation of suspected physical abuse in children. September 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

149. American College of Radiology. ACR-SPR practice parameter for the performance and interpretation of skeletal surveys in children. 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

150. Flaherty EG, Perez-Rossello JM, Levine MA, et al; American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Evaluating children with fractures for child physical abuse. Pediatrics. 2014 Feb;133(2):e477-89.Texto completo  Resumo

151. Kemp AM, Butler A, Morris S, et al. Which radiological investigations should be performed to identify fractures in suspected child abuse? Clin Radiol. 2006 Sep;61(9):723-36. Resumo

152. Lane WG, Dubowitz H, Langenberg P. Screening for occult abdominal trauma in children with suspected physical abuse. Pediatrics. 2009 Dec;124(6):1595-602. Resumo

153. Bevan CA, Palmer CS, Sutcliffe JR, et al. Blunt abdominal trauma in children: how predictive is ALT for liver injury? Emerg Med J. 2009 Apr;26(4):283-8. Resumo

154. Servaes S, Brown SD, Choudhary AK, et al. The etiology and significance of fractures in infants and young children: a critical multidisciplinary review. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 May;46(5):591-600. Resumo

155. Fisher-Owens SA, Lukefahr JL, Tate AR, et al. Oral and dental aspects of child abuse and neglect. Pediatr Dent. 2017 Jul 15;39(4):278-83. Resumo

156. Kemp AM, Rajaram S, Mann M, et al; Welsh Child Protection Systematic Review Group. What neuroimaging should be performed in children in whom inflicted brain injury (iBI) is suspected? A systematic review. Clin Radiol. 2009 May;64(5):473-83. Resumo

157. Rubin DM, Christian CW, Bilaniuk LT, et al. Occult head injury in high-risk abused children. Pediatrics. 2003 Jun;111(6 Pt 1):1382-6. Resumo

158. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria: head trauma - child. 2014 [internet publication].Texto completo

159. Kemp AM, Jaspan T, Griffiths J, et al. Neuroimaging: what neuroradiological features distinguish abusive from non-abusive head trauma? A systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 2011 Dec;96(12):1103-12. Resumo

160. Fischman SL. Bite marks. Alpha Omegan. 2002 Dec;95(4):42-6. Resumo

161. Expert Panel on Pediatric Imaging: Wootton-Gorges SL, Soares BP, et al. ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) Suspected physical abuse-child. J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 May;14(5S):S338-49. Resumo

162. Baxter AL, Lindberg DM, Burke BL, et al. Hepatic enzyme decline after pediatric blunt trauma: a tool for timing child abuse? Child Abuse Negl. 2008 Sep;32(9):838-45. Resumo

163. Romanelli LH, Landsverk J, Levitt JM, et al; Child Welfare-Mental Health Best Practices Group. Best practices for mental health in child welfare: screening, assessment, and treatment guidelines. Child Welfare. 2009;88(1):163-88. Resumo

164. Keenan HT, Runyan DK, Marshall SW, et al. A population-based comparison of clinical and outcome characteristics of young children with serious inflicted and noninflicted traumatic brain injury. Pediatrics. 2004 Sep;114(3):633-9. Resumo

165. Lane WG, Lotwin I, Dubowitz H, et al. Outcomes for children hospitalized with abusive versus noninflicted abdominal trauma. Pediatrics. 2011 Jun;127(6):e1400-5.Texto completo  Resumo

166. Danese A, Moffitt TE, Harrington H, et al. Adverse childhood experiences and adult risk factors for age-related disease: depression, inflammation, and clustering of metabolic risk markers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Dec;163(12):1135-43.Texto completo  Resumo

167. Wegman HL, Stetler C. A meta-analytic review of the effects of childhood abuse on medical outcomes in adulthood. Psychosom Med. 2009 Oct;71(8):805-12. Resumo

168. Rivera B, Widom CS. Childhood victimization and violent offending. Violence Vict. 1990 Spring;5(1):19-35. Resumo

169. Luntz BK, Widom CS. Antisocial personality disorder in abused and neglected children grown up. Am J Psychiatry. 1994 May;151(5):670-4. Resumo

170. Yang BZ, Zhang H, Ge W, et al. Child abuse and epigenetic mechanisms of disease risk. Am J Prev Med. 2013 Feb;44(2):101-7.Texto completo  Resumo

171. Leeb RT, Lewis T, Zolotor AJ. A review of physical and mental health consequences of child abuse and neglect and implications for practice. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2011 Jun 3;5(5):454-8.

172. Perez CM, Widom CS. Childhood victimization and long-term intellectual and academic outcomes. Child Abuse Negl. 1994 Aug;18(8):617-33. Resumo

173. Anderson V, Catroppa C, Morse S, et al. Intellectual outcome from preschool traumatic brain injury: a 5-year prospective, longitudinal study. Pediatrics. 2009 Dec;124(6):e1064-71. Resumo

174. Block RW. Follow-up skeletal surveys prove to be valuable in evaluation of child physical abuse. Child Abuse Negl. 2005 Oct;29(10):1073-4. Resumo

175. Harlan SR, Nixon GW, Campbell KA, et al. Follow-up skeletal surveys for nonaccidental trauma: can a more limited survey be performed? Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Sep;39(9):962-8. Resumo

176. MacMillan HL, Wathen CN, Barlow J, et al. Interventions to prevent child maltreatment and associated impairment. Lancet. 2009 Jan 17;373(9659):250-66. Resumo

O uso deste conteúdo está sujeito ao nosso aviso legal