Incontinência fecal em adultos

Referências

Principais artigos

Ehrenpreis ED, Chang D, Eichenwald E. Pharmacotherapy for fecal incontinence: a review. Dis Colon Rectum. 2007 May;50(5):641-9. Resumo

Thaha MA, Abukar AA, Thin NN, et al. Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence and constipation in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Aug 24;(8):CD004464.Texto completo  Resumo

Chatoor DR, Taylor SJ, Cohen CR, et al. Faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 2007 Feb;94(2):134-44. Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Perry S, Shaw C, McGrother C, et al. Prevalence of faecal incontinence in adults aged 40 years or more living in the community. Gut. 2002 Apr;50(4):480-4.Texto completo  Resumo

2. MacMillan AK, Merrie AE, Marshall RJ, et al. The prevalence of fecal incontinence in community-dwelling adults: a systematic review of the literature. Dis Colon Rectum. 2004 Aug;47(8):1341-9. Resumo

3. Nelson R, Norton N, Cautley E, et al. Community-based prevalence of anal incontinence. JAMA. 1995 Aug 16;274(7):559-61. Resumo

4. Sharma A, Yuan L, Marshall RJ, et al. Systematic review of the prevalence of faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 2016 Nov;103(12):1589-97. Resumo

5. Nelson RL. Epidemiology of fecal incontinence. Gastroenterology. 2004 Jan;126(1 Suppl 1):S3-7. Resumo

6. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Faecal incontinence in adults: management. June 2007 [internet publication].Texto completo

7. Wyndaele JJ, Kovindha A, Igawa Y, et al. Neurologic fecal incontinence. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010;29(1):207-12. Resumo

8. Schiller LR, Santa Ana CA, Schmulen AC, et al. Pathogenesis of fecal incontinence in diabetes mellitus: evidence for internal-anal-sphincter dysfunction. N Engl J Med. 1982 Dec 30;307(27):1666-71. Resumo

9. Madoff RD, Parker SC, Varma MG, et al. Faecal incontinence in adults. Lancet. 2004 Aug 14-20;364(9434):621-32. Resumo

10. Dudding TC, Vaizey CJ, Kamm MA. Obstetric anal sphincter injury: incidence, risk factors, and management. Ann Surg. 2008 Feb;247(2):224-37. Resumo

11. Drossman DA. What can be done to control incontinence associated with the irritable bowel syndrome? Am J Gastroenterol. 1989 Apr;84(4):355-7. Resumo

12. LaCross A, Groff M, Smaldone A. Obstetric anal sphincter injury and anal incontinence following vaginal birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2015 Jan-Feb;60(1):37-47.Texto completo  Resumo

13. Pfiefer J, Agachan F, Oliveira L, et al. Clinical significance of the rectoanal inhibitory reflex in patients with rectal prolapse. Tech Coloproctol. 1996;4:122-124.

14. Coggrave M, Norton C, Cody JD. Management of faecal incontinence and constipation in adults with central neurological diseases. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jan 13;(1):CD002115.Texto completo  Resumo

15. Landefeld CS, Bowers BJ, Feld AD, et al. National Institutes of Health state-of-the-science conference statement: prevention of fecal and urinary incontinence in adults. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Mar 18;148(6):449-58.Texto completo  Resumo

16. Woodley SJ, Boyle R, Cody JD, et al. Pelvic floor muscle training for prevention and treatment of urinary and faecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;(12):CD007471.Texto completo  Resumo

17. Norton C, Whitehead WE, Bliss DZ, et al; Conservative Management of Fecal Incontinence in Adults Committee of the International Consultation on Incontinence. Management of fecal incontinence in adults. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010;29(1):199-206. Resumo

18. Baxter NN, Rothenberger DA, Lowry AC. Measuring fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2003 Dec;46(12):1591-605. Resumo

19. Vaizey CJ, Carapeti E, Cahill JA, et al. Prospective comparison of faecal incontinence grading systems. Gut. 1999 Jan;44(1):77-80.Texto completo  Resumo

20. Arasaradnam RP, Brown S, Forbes A, et al. Guidelines for the investigation of chronic diarrhoea in adults: British Society of Gastroenterology, 3rd edition. Gut. 2018 Aug;67(8):1380-99.Texto completo  Resumo

21. Jorge JM, Wexner SD. Anorectal manometry: techniques and clinical applications. South Med J. 1993 Aug;86(8):924-31. Resumo

22. Sultan AH, Kamm MA, Talbot IC, et al. Anal endosonography for identifying external sphincter defects confirmed histologically. Br J Surg. 1994 Mar;81(3):463-5. Resumo

23. Abdool Z, Sultan AH, Thakar R. Ultrasound imaging of the anal sphincter complex: a review. Br J Radiol. 2012 Jul;85(1015):865-75.Texto completo  Resumo

24. Terra MP, Deutekom M, Beets-Tan RG, et al. Relationship between external anal sphincter atrophy at endoanal magnetic resonance imaging and clinical, functional, and anatomic characteristics in patients with fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2006 May;49(5):668-78. Resumo

25. Tan E, Anstee A, Koh DM, et al. Diagnostic precision of endoanal MRI in the detection of anal sphincter pathology: a meta-analysis. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2008 Jun;23(6):641-51. Resumo

26. Sajid MS, Khatri K, Siddiqui MR, et al. Endo-anal ultrasound versus endo-anal magnetic resonance imaging for the depiction of external anal sphincter pathology in patients with faecal incontinence: a systematic review. Magy Seb. 2010 Feb;63(1):9-15. Resumo

27. Rosier PF, Hosker GL, Szabó L, et al. Executive summary: The International Consultation on Incontinence 2008 Committee on: "Dynamic Testing" for urinary or fecal incontinence. Part 3: Anorectal physiology studies. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010;29(1):153-8. Resumo

28. Wexner SD, Marchetti F, Jagelman DG. The role of sphincteroplasty for fecal incontinence reevaluated: a prospective physiologic and functional review. Dis Colon Rectum. 1991 Jan;34(1):22-30. Resumo

29. Jacobs PP, Scheuer M, Kuijpers JH. Obstetric fecal incontinence. Role of pelvic floor denervation and results of delayed sphincter repair. Dis Colon Rectum. 1990 Jun;33(6):494-7. Resumo

30. Sangwan YP, Coller JA, Barrett RC, et al. Unilateral pudendal neuropathy. Impact on outcome of anal sphincter repair. Dis Colon Rectum. 1996 Jun;39(6):686-9. Resumo

31. Frenckner B, Euler C. Influence of pudendal block on the function of the anal sphincters. Gut. 1975 Jun;16(6):482-9.Texto completo  Resumo

32. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Comparative effectiveness review number 165: treatments for fecal incontinence. March 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

33. Bliss DZ, Savik K, Jung HJ, et al. Dietary fiber supplementation for fecal incontinence: a randomized clinical trial. Res Nurs Health. 2014 Oct;37(5):367-78. Resumo

34. Fader M, Cottenden AM, Getliffe K. Absorbent products for moderate-heavy urinary and/or faecal incontinence in women and men. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Oct 8;(4):CD007408.Texto completo  Resumo

35. Deutekom M, Dobben A. Plugs for containing faecal incontinence. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jul 20;(7):CD005086.Texto completo  Resumo

36. Read M, Read NW, Barber DC, et al. Effects of loperamide on anal sphincter function in patients complaining of chronic diarrhea with fecal incontinence and urgency. Dig Dis Sci. 1982 Sep;27(9):807-14. Resumo

37. Santoro GA, Eitan BZ, Pryde A, et al. Open study of low-dose amitriptyline in the treatment of patients with idiopathic fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2000 Dec;43(12):1676-81. Resumo

38. Ehrenpreis ED, Chang D, Eichenwald E. Pharmacotherapy for fecal incontinence: a review. Dis Colon Rectum. 2007 May;50(5):641-9. Resumo

39. Tobin GW, Brocklehurst JC. Faecal incontinence in residential homes for the elderly: prevalence, aetiology and management. Age Ageing. 1986 Jan;15(1):41-6. Resumo

40. King JC, Currie DM, Wright E. Bowel training in spina bifida: importance of education, patient compliance, age and anal reflexes. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 Mar;75(3):243-7. Resumo

41. Tod AM, Stringer E, Levery C, et al. Rectal irrigation in the management of functional bowel disorders: a review. Br J Nurs. 2007 Jul 26-Aug 8;16(14):858-64. Resumo

42. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Peristeen transanal irrigation system for managing bowel dysfunction. Feb 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

43. Christensen P, Bazzocchi G, Coggrave M, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of transanal irrigation versus conservative bowel management in spinal cord-injured patients. Gastroenterology. 2006 Sep;131(3):738-47. Resumo

44. Matzel KE. Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence: its role in the treatment algorithm. Colorectal Dis. 2011 Mar;13(suppl 2):10-4. Resumo

45. Hetzer FH. Fifteen years of sacral nerve stimulation: from an open procedure to a minimally invasive technique. Colorectal Dis. 2011 Mar;13(suppl 2):1-4. Resumo

46. Dudding TC, Hollingshead JR, Nicholls RJ, et al. Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence: patient selection, service provision and operative technique. Colorectal Dis. 2011 Aug;13(8):e187-95. Resumo

47. Dudding TC, Hollingshead JR, Nicholls RJ, et al. Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence: optimizing outcome and managing complications. Colorectal Dis. 2011 Aug;13(8):e196-202. Resumo

48. Duelund-Jakobsen J, Buntzen S, Lundby L, et al. Sacral nerve stimulation at subsensory threshold does not compromise treatment efficacy: results from a randomized, blinded crossover study. Ann Surg. 2013 Feb;257(2):219-23. Resumo

49. Thaha MA, Abukar AA, Thin NN, et al. Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence and constipation in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Aug 24;(8):CD004464.Texto completo  Resumo

50. O'Brien PE, Dixon JB, Skinner S, et al. A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial of placement of the artificial bowel sphincter (Acticon Neosphincter) for the control of fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2004 Nov;47(11):1852-60. Resumo

51. Niriella DA, Deen KI. Neosphincters in the management of faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 2000 Dec;87(12):1617-28. Resumo

52. Tillin T, Chambers M, Feldman R. Outcomes of electrically stimulated gracilis neosphincter surgery. Health Technol Assess. 2005 Jul;9(28):1-102. Resumo

53. Wong WD, Congliosi SM, Spencer MP, et al. The safety and efficacy of the artificial bowel sphincter for fecal incontinence: results from a multicenter cohort study. Dis Colon Rectum. 2002 Sep;45(9):1139-53. Resumo

54. Chatoor DR, Taylor SJ, Cohen CR, et al. Faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 2007 Feb;94(2):134-44. Resumo

55. Norton CC, Cody JD. Biofeedback and/or sphincter exercises for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Jul 11;(7):CD002111.Texto completo  Resumo

56. Malouf AJ, Norton CS, Engel AF, et al. Long-term results of overlapping anterior anal-sphincter repair for obstetric trauma. Lancet. 2000 Jan 22;355(9200):260-5. Resumo

57. Glasgow SC, Lowry AC. Long-term outcomes of anal sphincter repair for fecal incontinence: a systematic review. Dis Colon Rectum. 2012 Apr;55(4):482-90. Resumo

58. Davis KJ, Kumar D, Poloniecki J. Adjuvant biofeedback following anal sphincter repair: a randomized study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Sep 1;20(5):539-49. Resumo

59. Rao SS, Benninga MA, Bharucha AE, et al. ANMS-ESNM position paper and consensus guidelines on biofeedback therapy for anorectal disorders. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 May;27(5):594-609.Texto completo  Resumo

60. Watson NF, Koshy A, Sagar PM. Anal bulking agents for faecal incontinence. Colorectal Dis. 2012 Dec;14(suppl 3):29-33.Texto completo  Resumo

61. Graf W, Mellgren A, Matzel KE, et al. Efficacy of dextranomer in stabilised hyaluronic acid for treatment of faecal incontinence: a randomised, sham-controlled trial. Lancet. 2011 Mar 19;377(9770):997-1003. Resumo

62. Hoy SM. Dextranomer in stabilized sodium hyaluronate (Solesta): In adults with faecal incontinence. Drugs. 2012 Aug 20;72(12):1671-8. Resumo

63. Ratto C, Donisi L, Litta F, et al. Implantation of SphinKeeper(TM): a new artificial anal sphincter. Tech Coloproctol. 2016 Jan;20(1):59-66.Texto completo  Resumo

64. Malouf AJ, Vaizey CJ, Norton CS, et al. Internal anal sphincter augmentation for fecal incontinence using injectable silicone biomaterial. Dis Colon Rectum. 2001 Apr;44(4):595-600. Resumo

65. Vaizey CJ, Kamm MA. Injectable bulking agents for treating faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 2005 May;92(5):521-7. Resumo

66. Australian Safety, Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures - Surgical. Horizon scanning report: injectable silicone biomaterial implants. December 2005 [internet publication].Texto completo

67. Maeda Y, Laurberg S, Norton C. Perianal injectable bulking agents as treatment for faecal incontinence in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Feb 28;(2):CD007959.Texto completo  Resumo

68. De Ganck J, Everaert K, Van Laecke E, et al. A high easy-to-treat complication rate is the price for a continent stoma. BJU Int. 2002 Aug;90(3):240-3. Resumo

69. Jarrett ME, Mowatt G, Glazener CM, et al. Systematic review of sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence and constipation. Br J Surg. 2004 Dec;91(12):1559-69. Resumo

70. Bravo Gutierrez A, Madoff RD, Lowry AC, et al. Long-term results of anterior sphincteroplasty. Dis Colon Rectum. 2004 May;47(5):727-31. Resumo

71. Cook TA, Mortensen NJ. Management of faecal incontinence following obstetric injury. Br J Surg. 1998 Mar;85(3):293-9. Resumo

72. Giordano P, Renzi A, Efron J, et al. Previous sphincter repair does not affect the outcome of repeat repair. Dis Colon Rectum. 2002 May;45(5):635-40. Resumo

73. Zorcolo L, Covotta L, Bartolo DC. Outcome of anterior sphincter repair for obstetric injury: comparison of early and late results. Dis Colon Rectum. 2005 Mar;48(3):524-31. Resumo

74. Norton C, Burch J, Kamm MA. Patients' views of a colostomy for fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2005 May;48(5):1062-9. Resumo

75. Efron JE, Corman ML, Fleshman J, et al. Safety and effectiveness of temperature-controlled radio-frequency energy delivery to the anal canal (Secca procedure) for the treatment of fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2003 Dec;46(12):1606-16. Resumo

76. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Endoscopic radiofrequency therapy of the anal sphincter for faecal incontinence. May 2011 [internet publication].Texto completo

77. Takahashi-Monroy T, Morales M, Garcia-Osogobio S, et al. SECCA procedure for the treatment of fecal incontinence: results of five-year follow-up. Dis Colon Rectum. 2008 Mar;51(3):355-9. Resumo

78. Visscher AP, Lam TJ, Meurs-Szojda MM, et al. Temperature-controlled delivery of radiofrequency energy in fecal incontinence: a randomized sham-controlled clinical trial. Dis Colon Rectum. 2017 Aug;60(8):860-5. Resumo

79. George AT, Kalmar K, Sala S, et al. Randomized controlled trial of percutaneous versus transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation in faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 2013 Feb;100(3):330-8. Resumo

80. Govaert B, Pares D, Delgado-Aros S, et al. A prospective multicentre study to investigate percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation for the treatment of faecal incontinence. Colorectal Dis. 2010 Dec;12(12):1236-41. Resumo

81. Boyle DJ, Prosser K, Allison ME, et al. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation for the treatment of urge fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2010 Apr;53(4):432-7. Resumo

82. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) for faecal incontinence. May 2011 [internet publication].Texto completo

83. Horrocks EJ, Thin N, Thaha MA, et al. Systematic review of tibial nerve stimulation to treat faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 2014 Apr;101(5):457-68. Resumo

84. Knowles CH, Horrocks EJ, Bremner SA, et al. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation versus sham electrical stimulation for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults (CONFIDeNT): a double-blind, multicentre, pragmatic, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2015 Oct 24;386(10004):1640-8. Resumo

85. van der Wilt AA, Giuliani G, Kubis C, et al. Randomized clinical trial of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation versus sham electrical stimulation in patients with faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 2017 Aug;104(9):1167-76. Resumo

86. Horrocks EJ, Chadi SA, Stevens NJ, et al. Factors associated with efficacy of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence, based on post-hoc analysis of data from a randomized trial. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Dec;15(12):1915-21. Resumo

87. Sugrue J, Lehur PA, Madoff RD, et al. Long-term experience of magnetic anal sphincter augmentation in patients with fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2017 Jan;60(1):87-95. Resumo

88. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Insertion of a magnetic-bead band for faecal incontinence. March 2014 [internet publication].Texto completo

89. Frudinger A, Kölle D, Schwaiger W, et al. Muscle-derived cell injection to treat anal incontinence due to obstetric trauma: pilot study with 1 year follow-up. Gut. 2010 Jan;59(1):55-61. Resumo

90. Boyer O, Bridoux V, Giverne C, et al. Autologous myoblasts for the treatment of fecal incontinence: results of a phase 2 randomized placebo-controlled study (MIAS). Ann Surg. 2018 Mar;267(3):443-50. Resumo

91. Richter HE, Matthews CA, Muir T, et al. A vaginal bowel-control system for the treatment of fecal incontinence. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Mar;125(3):540-7. Resumo

92. Omar MI, Alexander CE. Drug treatment for faecal incontinence in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jun 11;(6):CD002116.Texto completo  Resumo

93. Rao SS. Current and emerging treatment options for fecal incontinence. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2014 Oct;48(9):752-64.Texto completo  Resumo

94. Heymen S, Jones KR, Ringel Y, et al. Biofeedback treatment of fecal incontinence: a critical review. Dis Colon Rectum. 2001 May;44(5):728-36. Resumo

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