Estrabismo

Referências

Principais artigos

US Preventive Services Task Force. Vision in children ages 6 months to 5 years: screening. Sep 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

Wallace DK, Christiansen SP, Sprunger DT, et al. Esotropia and exotropia preferred practice pattern®. Ophthalmology. 2017 Nov 4;125(1):P143-83.Texto completo  Resumo

Wallace DK, Morse CL, Melia M, et al. Pediatric eye evaluations preferred practice pattern®: I. Vision screening in the primary care and community setting; II. Comprehensive ophthalmic examination. Ophthalmology. 2017 Nov 4;125(1):P184-227.Texto completo  Resumo

American Academy of Ophthalmology. Adult strabismus preferred practice pattern 2019. Oct 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

Wallace DK, Repka MX, Lee KA, et al. Amblyopia preferred practice pattern®. Ophthalmology. 2017 Nov 4;125(1):P105-42.Texto completo  Resumo

American Academy of Ophthalmology. Adjustable sutures in the treatment of strabismus; a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Aug 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

Artigos de referência

1. US Preventive Services Task Force. Vision in children ages 6 months to 5 years: screening. Sep 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

2. Wallace DK, Christiansen SP, Sprunger DT, et al. Esotropia and exotropia preferred practice pattern®. Ophthalmology. 2017 Nov 4;125(1):P143-83.Texto completo  Resumo

3. Govindan M, Mohney BG, Diehl NN, et al. Incidence and types of childhood exotropia: a population-based study. Ophthalmology. 2005 Jan;112(1):104-8. Resumo

4. Greenberg AE, Mohney BG, Diehl NN, et al. Incidence and types of childhood esotropia: a population-based study. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan;114(1):170-4. Resumo

5. Tollefson MM, Mohney BG, Diehl NN, et al. Incidence and types of childhood hypertropia: a population-based study. Ophthalmology. 2006 Jul;113(7):1142-5. Resumo

6. Yu CB, Fan DS, Wong VW, et al. Changing patterns of strabismus: a decade of experience in Hong Kong. Br J Ophthalmol. 2002 Aug;86(8):854-6.Texto completo  Resumo

7. van Splunder J, Stilma JS, Bernsen RM, et al. Prevalence of ocular diagnoses found on screening 1539 adults with intellectual disabilities. Ophthalmology. 2004 Aug;111(8):1457-63. Resumo

8. Mohney BG. Common forms of childhood strabismus in an incidence cohort. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Sep;144(3):465-7. Resumo

9. O'Connor AR, Stephenson T, Johnson A, et al. Long-term ophthalmic outcome of low birth weight children with and without retinopathy of prematurity. Pediatrics. 2002 Jan;109(1):12-8. Resumo

10. Matsuo T, Matsuo C. The prevalence of strabismus and amblyopia in Japanese elementary school children. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2005 Feb;12(1):31-6. Resumo

11. Çorak Eroğlu F, Oto S, Şahin Fİ, et al. The role of heredity and the prevalence of strabismus in families with accommodative, partial accommodative, and infantile esotropia. Turk J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 27;50(3):143-50.Texto completo  Resumo

12. Ye XC, Pegado V, Patel MS, et al. Strabismus genetics across a spectrum of eye misalignment disorders. Clin Genet. 2014 Aug;86(2):103-11.Texto completo  Resumo

13. Paul TO, Hardage LK. The heritability of strabismus. Ophthalmic Genet. 1994 Mar;15(1):1-18. Resumo

14. Maconachie GD, Gottlob I, McLean RJ. Risk factors and genetics in common comitant strabismus: a systematic review of the literature. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013 Sep;131(9):1179-86.Texto completo  Resumo

15. Kok JH, Prick L, Merckel E, et al. Visual function at 11 years of age in preterm-born children with and without fetal brain sparing. Pediatrics. 2007 Jun;119(6):e1342-50. Resumo

16. Holmstrom G, el Azazi M, Kugelberg U. Ophthalmological follow up of preterm infants: a population based, prospective study of visual acuity and strabismus. Br J Ophthalmol. 1999 Feb;83(2):143-50.Texto completo  Resumo

17. Donahue SP, Baker CN, Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine, American Academy of Pediatrics, et al. Procedures for the evaluation of the visual system by pediatricians. Pediatrics. 2016 Jan;137(1):e20153597.Texto completo  Resumo

18. Taylor K, Elliott S. Interventions for strabismic amblyopia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jul 23;(7):CD006461.Texto completo  Resumo

19. Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine, Section on Ophthalmology; American Association of Certified Orthoptists; American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus; American Academy of Ophthalmology. Eye examination in infants, children and young adults by pediatricians. Pediatrics. 2003 Apr;111(4 Pt 1):902-7. Resumo

20. Wallace DK, Morse CL, Melia M, et al. Pediatric eye evaluations preferred practice pattern®: I. Vision screening in the primary care and community setting; II. Comprehensive ophthalmic examination. Ophthalmology. 2017 Nov 4;125(1):P184-227.Texto completo  Resumo

21. Royal College of Ophthalmologists. Ophthalmic services for children. August 2012 [internet publication].Texto completo

22. Public Health England. Child vision screening: Service specification. Apr 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

23. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Adult strabismus preferred practice pattern 2019. Oct 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

24. Weakley DR Jr, Holland DR. Effect of ongoing treatment of amblyopia on surgical outcome in esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1997 Sep-Oct;34(5):275-8. Resumo

25. Wallace DK, Repka MX, Lee KA, et al. Amblyopia preferred practice pattern®. Ophthalmology. 2017 Nov 4;125(1):P105-42.Texto completo  Resumo

26. Pang Y, Gnanaraj L, Gayleard J, et al. Interventions for intermittent exotropia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Sep 13;(9):CD003737.Texto completo  Resumo

27. Piano M, O'Connor AR. Conservative management of intermittent distance exotropia: a review. Am Orthopt J. 2011;61:103-16. Resumo

28. Barrett BT. A critical evaluation of the evidence supporting the practice of behavioural vision therapy. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2009 Jan;29(1):4-25. Resumo

29. The Royal College of Ophthalmologists. Strabismus surgery for adults in the United Kingdom: indications, evidence base and benefits. Aug 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

30. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Adjustable sutures in the treatment of strabismus; a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Aug 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

31. Gardner R, Dawson EL, Adams GG, et al. Long-term management of strabismus with multiple repeated injections of botulinum toxin. J AAPOS. 2008 Dec;12(6):569-75. Resumo

32. Rowe FJ, Noonan CP. Botulinum toxin for the treatment of strabismus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Mar 2;(3):CD006499.Texto completo  Resumo

33. Ripley L, Rowe FJ. Use of botulinum toxin in small-angle heterotropia and decompensating heterophoria: a review of the literature. Strabismus. 2007 Jul-Sep;15(3):165-71. Resumo

34. Scott AB, Alexander DE, Miller JM. Bupivacaine injection of eye muscles to treat strabismus. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007 Feb;91(2):146-8. Resumo

35. Miller JM, Scott AB, Danh KK, et al. Bupivacaine injection remodels extraocular muscles and corrects comitant strabismus. Ophthalmology. 2013 Aug 2;120(12):2733-40. Resumo

36. Debert I, Miller JM, Danh KK, et al. Pharmacologic injection treatment of comitant strabismus. J AAPOS. 2016 Apr;20(2):106-11.Texto completo  Resumo

37. Hopker LM, Modelli R, Allemann N. Bupivacaine injection combined with recession of antagonist rectus muscle to treat sensory strabismus. Strabismus. 2019 Feb 7;27(1):6-10. Resumo

38. Fawcett SL, Birch EE. Risk factors for abnormal binocular vision after successful alignment of accommodative esotropia. J AAPOS. 2003 Aug;7(4):256-62. Resumo

39. Romanchuk KG, Dotchin SA, Zurevinsky J. The natural history of surgically untreated intermittent exotropia - looking into the distant future. J AAPOS. 2006 Jun;10(3):225-31. Resumo

40. Buck D, Powell CJ, Rahi J, et al. The improving outcomes in intermittent exotropia study: outcomes at 2 years after diagnosis in an observational cohort. BMC Ophthalmol. 2012 Jan 18;12:1.Texto completo  Resumo

41. Baker JD. Twenty-year follow-up of surgery for intermittent exotropia. J AAPOS. 2008 Jun;12(3):227-32. Resumo

42. Buck D, Powell CJ, Sloper JJ, et al. Surgical intervention in childhood intermittent exotropia: current practice and clinical outcomes from an observational cohort study. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012 Oct;96(10):1291-5. Resumo

43. Schmucker C, Kleijnen J, Grosselfinger R, et al. Effectiveness of early in comparison to late(r) treatment in children with amblyopia or its risk factors: a systematic review. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2010 Jan-Feb;17(1):7-17. Resumo

44. Jackson S, Harrad RA, Morris M, et al. The psychosocial benefits of corrective surgery for adults with strabismus. Br J Ophthalmol. 2006 Jul;90(7):883-8. Resumo

45. Mojon-Azzi SM, Mojon DS. Strabismus and employment: the opinion of headhunters. Acta Ophthalmol. 2009 Nov;87(7):784-8. Resumo

46. Mojon-Azzi SM, Potnik W, Mojon DS. Opinions of dating agents about strabismic subjects' ability to find a partner. Br J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jun;92(6):765-9. Resumo

47. Mohney BG, McKenzie JA, Capo JA, et al. Mental illness in young adults who had strabismus as children. Pediatrics. 2008 Nov;122(5):1033-8. Resumo

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