Avaliação da fadiga


Principais artigos

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Myalgic encephalomyelitis (or encephalopathy)/chronic fatigue syndrome: diagnosis and management. Oct 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. Sep 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

Cornuz J, Guessous I, Favrat B. Fatigue: a practical approach to diagnosis in primary care. CMAJ. 2006 Mar 14;174(6):765-7.Texto completo  Resumo

Hamilton W, Watson J, Round A. Investigating fatigue in primary care. BMJ. 2010 Aug 24;341:c4259. Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Chen MK. The epidemiology of self-perceived fatigue among adults. Prev Med. 1986 Jan;15(1):74-81. Resumo

2. Hickie IB, Hooker AW, Hadzi-Pavlovic D, et al. Fatigue in selected primary care settings: sociodemographic and psychiatric correlates. Med J Aust. 1996 May 20;164(10):585-8. Resumo

3. Wessely S, Chalder T, Hirsch S, et al. The prevalence and morbidity of chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome: a prospective primary care study. Am J Public Health. 1997 Sep;87(9):1449-55.Texto completo  Resumo

4. Kroenke K, Wood DR, Mangelsdorff AD, et al. Chronic fatigue in primary care. Prevalence, patient characteristics, and outcome. JAMA. 1988 Aug 19;260(7):929-34. Resumo

5. Skapinakis P, Lewis G, Meltzer H. Clarifying the relationship between unexplained chronic fatigue and psychiatric morbidity: results from a community survey in Great Britain. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2003 Feb-May;15(1-2):57-64. Resumo

6. Steele L, Dobbins JG, Fukuda K, et al. The epidemiology of chronic fatigue in San Francisco. Am J Med. 1998 Sep 28;105(3A):83S-90S. Resumo

7. Galland-Decker C, Marques-Vidal P, Vollenweider P. Prevalence and factors associated with fatigue in the Lausanne middle-aged population: a population-based, cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open. 2019 Aug 24;9(8):e027070.Texto completo  Resumo

8. Prins JB, van der Meer JW, Bleijenberg G. Chronic fatigue syndrome. Lancet. 2006 Jan 28;367(9507):346-55. Resumo

9. Wessely S, Chalder T, Hirsch S, et al. Psychological symptoms, somatic symptoms, and psychiatric disorder in chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome: a prospective study in the primary care setting. Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Aug;153(8):1050-9. Resumo

10. Cathebras PJ, Robbins JM, Kirmayer LJ, et al. Fatigue in primary care: prevalence, psychiatric comorbidity, illness behavior, and outcome. J Gen Intern Med. 1992 May-Jun;7(3):276-86. Resumo

11. Okkes IM, Oskam SK, Lamberts H. The probability of specific diagnoses for patients presenting with common symptoms to Dutch family physicians. J Fam Pract. 2002 Jan;51(1):31-6. Resumo

12. Walker EA, Katon WJ, Jemelka RP. Psychiatric disorders and medical care utilization among people in the general population who report fatigue. J Gen Intern Med. 1993 Aug;8(8):436-40. Resumo

13. Bates DW, Schmitt W, Buchwald D, et al. Prevalence of fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome in a primary care practice. Arch Intern Med. 1993 Dec 27;153(24):2759-65. Resumo

14. Stadje R, Dornieden K, Baum E, et al. The differential diagnosis of tiredness: a systematic review. BMC Fam Pract. 2016 Oct 20;17(1):147.Texto completo  Resumo

15. Bensing JM, Hulsman RL, Schreurs KM. Gender differences in fatigue: biopsychosocial factors relating to fatigue in men and women. Med Care. 1999 Oct;37(10):1078-83. Resumo

16. Verdon F, Burnand B, Stubi CL, et al. Iron supplementation for unexplained fatigue in non-anaemic women: double blind randomised placebo controlled trial. BMJ. 2003 May 24;326(7399):1124.Texto completo  Resumo

17. Vaucher P, Druais PL, Waldvogel S, et al. Effect of iron supplementation on fatigue in nonanemic menstruating women with low ferritin: a randomized controlled trial. CMAJ. 2012 Aug 7;184(11):1247-54. Resumo

18. Fukuda K, Straus SE, Hickie I, et al. The chronic fatigue syndrome: a comprehensive approach to its definition and study. International Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Study Group. Ann Intern Med. 1994 Dec 15;121(12):953-9. Resumo

19. Reid S, Chalder T, Cleare A, et al. Chronic fatigue syndrome. BMJ. 2000 Jan 29;320(7230):292-6.Texto completo  Resumo

20. Buchwald D, Umali P, Umali J, et al. Chronic fatigue and the chronic fatigue syndrome: prevalence in a Pacific Northwest health care system. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Jul 15;123(2):81-8. Resumo

21. Darbishire L, Ridsdale L, Seed PT. Distinguishing patients with chronic fatigue from those with chronic fatigue syndrome: a diagnostic study in UK primary care. Br J Gen Pract. 2003 Jun;53(491):441-5.Texto completo  Resumo

22. Ridsdale L, Evans A, Jerrett W, et al. Patients with fatigue in general practice: a prospective study. BMJ. 1993 Jul 10;307(6896):103-6.Texto completo  Resumo

23. Institute of Medicine. Beyond myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: redefining an illness. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2015.

24. Ohayon MM. Prevalence of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria of insomnia: distinguishing insomnia related to mental disorders from sleep disorders. J Psychiatr Res. 1997 May-Jun;31(3):333-46. Resumo

25. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed., text revision (DSM-5-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2022.

26. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome and obesity hypoventilation syndrome in over 16s. Aug 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

27. Hornyak M, Kopasz M, Berger M, et al. Impact of sleep-related complaints on depressive symptoms in patients with restless legs syndrome. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005 Sep;66(9):1139-45. Resumo

28. Cuellar NG, Strumpf NE, Ratcliffe SJ. Symptoms of restless legs syndrome in older adults: outcomes on sleep quality, sleepiness, fatigue, depression, and quality of life. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Sep;55(9):1387-92. Resumo

29. Lawrie SM, Pelosi AJ. Chronic fatigue syndrome in the community. Prevalence and associations. Br J Psychiatry. 1995 Jun;166(6):793-7. Resumo

30. Krayenbuehl PA, Battegay E, Breymann C, et al. Intravenous iron for the treatment of fatigue in nonanemic, premenopausal women with low serum ferritin concentration. Blood. 2011 Sep 22;118(12):3222-7.Texto completo  Resumo

31. Favrat B, Balck K, Breymann C, et al. Evaluation of a single dose of ferric carboxymaltose in fatigued, iron-deficient women--PREFER a randomized, placebo-controlled study. PLoS One. 2014 Apr 21;9(4):e94217.Texto completo  Resumo

32. Drexler H, Coats AJ. Explaining fatigue in congestive heart failure. Annu Rev Med. 1996;47:241-56. Resumo

33. Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, et al. 2016 ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. Eur Heart J. 2016 Jul 14;37(27):2129-200.Texto completo  Resumo

34. McSweeney JC, Cody M, O'Sullivan P, et al. Women's early warning symptoms of acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2003 Nov 25;108(21):2619-23.Texto completo  Resumo

35. Blakeman JR, Stapleton SJ. An integrative review of fatigue experienced by women before and during myocardial infarction. J Clin Nurs. 2018 Mar;27(5-6):906-16.Texto completo  Resumo

36. Khan NA, Daskalopoulou SS, Karp I, et al. Sex differences in acute coronary syndrome symptom presentation in young patients. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Nov 11;173(20):1863-71. Resumo

37. Crea F, Battipaglia I, Andreotti F, et al. Sex differences in mechanisms, presentation and management of ischaemic heart disease. Atherosclerosis. 2015 Jul;241(1):157-68. Resumo

38. Canaris GJ, Manowitz NR, Mayor G, et al. The Colorado thyroid disease prevalence study. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Feb 28;160(4):526-34. Resumo

39. Biondi B, Cappola AR, Cooper DS. Subclinical Hypothyroidism: A Review. JAMA. 2019 Jul 9;322(2):153-60.Texto completo  Resumo

40. Levy-Marchal C, Patterson CC, Green A, et al. Geographical variation of presentation at diagnosis of type I diabetes in children: the EURODIAB study. European and Diabetes. Diabetologia. 2001 Oct;44(suppl 3):B75-80. Resumo

41. Lovas K, Loge JH, Husebye ES. Subjective health status in Norwegian patients with Addison's disease. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2002 May;56(5):581-8. Resumo

42. Biermasz NR, van Thiel SW, Pereira AM, et al. Decreased quality of life in patients with acromegaly despite long-term cure of growth hormone excess. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Nov;89(11):5369-76.Texto completo  Resumo

43. Wallymahmed ME, Foy P, MacFarlane IA. The quality of life of adults with growth hormone deficiency: comparison with diabetic patients and control subjects. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1999 Sep;51(3):333-8. Resumo

44. Aronson MD, Komaroff AL, Pass TM, et al. Heterophil antibody in adults with sore throat: frequency and clinical presentation. Ann Intern Med. 1982 Apr;96(4):505-8. Resumo

45. Barroso J. A review of fatigue in people with HIV infection. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 1999 Sep-Oct;10(5):42-9. Resumo

46. Ren LL, Wang YM, Wu ZQ, et al. Identification of a novel coronavirus causing severe pneumonia in human: a descriptive study. Chin Med J (Engl). 2020 Jan 30 [Epub ahead of print]. Resumo

47. Crook H, Raza S, Nowell J, et al. Long covid-mechanisms, risk factors, and management. BMJ. 2021 Jul 26;374:n1648.Texto completo  Resumo

48. Nadelman RB, Nowakowski J, Forseter G, et al. The clinical spectrum of early Lyme borreliosis in patients with culture-confirmed erythema migrans. Am J Med. 1996 May;100(5):502-8. Resumo

49. Cairns V, Godwin J. Post-Lyme borreliosis syndrome: a meta-analysis of reported symptoms. Int J Epidemiol. 2005 Dec;34(6):1340-5.Texto completo  Resumo

50. Berende A, ter Hofstede HJ, Vos FJ, et al. Randomized Trial of Longer-Term Therapy for Symptoms Attributed to Lyme Disease. N Engl J Med. 2016 Mar 31;374(13):1209-20.Texto completo  Resumo

51. Monto AS, Gravenstein S, Elliott M, et al. Clinical signs and symptoms predicting influenza infection. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Nov 27;160(21):3243-7.Texto completo  Resumo

52. Revol B, Jullian-Desayes I, Tamisier R, et al. Ticagrelor and Central Sleep Apnea. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 May 22;71(20):2378-9.Texto completo  Resumo

53. Clarkson TW, Magos L, Myers GJ. The toxicology of mercury - current exposures and clinical manifestations. N Engl J Med. 2003 Oct 30;349(18):1731-7. Resumo

54. Leikin JB, Karydes HC, Whiteley PM, et al. Outpatient toxicology clinic experience of patients with hip implants. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2013 May;51(4):230-6. Resumo

55. Breslin E, van der Schans C, Breukink S, et al. Perception of fatigue and quality of life in patients with COPD. Chest. 1998 Oct;114(4):958-64. Resumo

56. Guyatt GH, Berman LB, Townsend M, et al. A measure of quality of life for clinical trials in chronic lung disease. Thorax. 1987 Oct;42(10):773-8.Texto completo  Resumo

57. Wijkstra PJ, Van Altena R, Kraan J, et al. Quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease improves after rehabilitation at home. Eur Respir J. 1994 Feb;7(2):269-73.Texto completo  Resumo

58. De Kleijn WP, De Vries J, Lower EE, et al. Fatigue in sarcoidosis: a systematic review. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2009 Sep;15(5):499-506. Resumo

59. Galiè N, Humbert M, Vachiery JL, et al. 2015 ESC/ERS Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Eur Heart J. 2016 Jan 1;37(1):67-119.Texto completo  Resumo

60. Farrell RJ, Kelly CP. Celiac sprue. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jan 17;346(3):180-8. Resumo

61. Jelsness-Jørgensen LP, Bernklev T, Lundin KEA. Fatigue as an Extra-Intestinal Manifestation of Celiac Disease: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2018 Nov 3;10(11):.Texto completo  Resumo

62. Goldblatt J, Taylor PJ, Lipman T, et al. The true impact of fatigue in primary biliary cirrhosis: a population study. Gastroenterology. 2002 May;122(5):1235-41. Resumo

63. Foster GR, Goldin RD, Thomas HC. Chronic hepatitis C virus infection causes a significant reduction in quality of life in the absence of cirrhosis. Hepatology. 1998 Jan;27(1):209-12. Resumo

64. Witt-Sullivan H, Heathcote J, Cauch K, et al. The demography of primary biliary cirrhosis in Ontario, Canada. Hepatology. 1990 Jul;12(1):98-105. Resumo

65. Grimstad T, Norheim KB. Fatigue in inflammatory bowel disease. [in nor]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2016 Nov;136(20):1721-4.Texto completo  Resumo

66. Han CJ, Yang GS. Fatigue in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Pooled Frequency and Severity of Fatigue. Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2016 Mar;10(1):1-10.Texto completo  Resumo

67. Laupacis A, Muirhead N, Keown P, et al. A disease-specific questionnaire for assessing quality of life in patients on hemodialysis. Nephron. 1992;60(3):302-6. Resumo

68. McCann K, Boore JR. Fatigue in persons with renal failure who require maintenance haemodialysis. J Adv Nurs. 2000 Nov;32(5):1132-42. Resumo

69. Krupp LB, Pollina DA. Mechanisms and management of fatigue in progressive neurological disorders. Curr Opin Neurol. 1996 Dec;9(6):456-60. Resumo

70. Karlsen K, Larsen JP, Tandberg E, et al. Fatigue in patients with Parkinsons disease. Mov Disord. 1999 Mar;14(2):237-41. Resumo

71. Beiske AG, Svensson E. Fatigue in Parkinson's disease: a short update. Acta Neurol Scand Suppl. 2010;(190):78-81. Resumo

72. Staub F, Bogousslavsky J. Fatigue after stroke: a major but neglected issue. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2001 Aug;12(2):75-81. Resumo

73. Cumming TB, Yeo AB, Marquez J, et al. Investigating post-stroke fatigue: An individual participant data meta-analysis. J Psychosom Res. 2018 Oct;113:107-12.Texto completo  Resumo

74. van der Werf SP, Jongen PJ, Lycklama a Nijeholt GJ, et al. Fatigue in multiple sclerosis: interrelations between fatigue complaints, cerebral MRI abnormalities and neurological disability. J Neurol Sci. 1998 Oct 8;160(2):164-70. Resumo

75. Vercoulen JH, Hommes OR, Swanink CM, et al. The measurement of fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis. A multidimensional comparison with patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy subjects. Arch Neurol. 1996 Jul;53(7):642-9. Resumo

76. Colombo B, Martinelli Boneschi F, Rossi P, et al. MRI and motor evoked potential findings in nondisabled multiple sclerosis patients with and without symptoms of fatigue. J Neurol. 2000 Jul;247(7):506-9. Resumo

77. Krupp LB, LaRocca NG, Muir J, et al. A study of fatigue in systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol. 1990 Nov;17(11):1450-2. Resumo

78. Omdal R, Waterloo K, Koldingsnes W, et al. Fatigue in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: the psychosocial aspects. J Rheumatol. 2003 Feb;30(2):283-7. Resumo

79. Riemsma RP, Rasker JJ, Taal E, et al. Fatigue in rheumatoid arthritis: the role of self-efficacy and problematic social support. Br J Rheumatol. 1998 Oct;37(10):1042-6. Resumo

80. Stone P, Richardson A, Ream E, et al. Cancer-related fatigue: inevitable, unimportant and untreatable? Results of a multi-centre patient survey. Cancer Fatigue Forum. Ann Oncol. 2000 Aug;11(8):971-5. Resumo

81. Levy M. Cancer fatigue: a review for psychiatrists. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2008 May-Jun;30(3):233-44. Resumo

82. Cella D, Lai JS, Chang CH, et al. Fatigue in cancer patients compared with fatigue in the general United States population. Cancer. 2002 Jan 15;94(2):528-38.Texto completo  Resumo

83. Harter M, Reuter K, Aschenbrenner A, et al. Psychiatric disorders and associated factors in cancer: results of an interview study with patients in inpatient, rehabilitation and outpatient treatment. Eur J Cancer. 2001 Jul;37(11):1385-93. Resumo

84. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Myalgic encephalomyelitis (or encephalopathy)/chronic fatigue syndrome: diagnosis and management. Oct 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

85. Nakatomi Y, Mizuno K, Ishii A, et al. Neuroinflammation in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis: an ¹¹C-(R)-PK11195 PET study. J Nucl Med. 2014 Jun;55(6):945-50.Texto completo  Resumo

86. Maes M, Twisk FN, Johnson C. Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and chronic fatigue (CF) are distinguished accurately: results of supervised learning techniques applied on clinical and inflammatory data. Psychiatry Res. 2012 Dec 30;200(2-3):754-60. Resumo

87. Fluge Ø, Mella O. Clinical impact of B-cell depletion with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab in chronic fatigue syndrome: a preliminary case series. BMC Neurol. 2009 Jul 1;9:28.Texto completo  Resumo

88. Fluge Ø, Bruland O, Risa K, et al. Benefit from B-lymphocyte depletion using the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab in chronic fatigue syndrome: a double-blind and placebo-controlled study. PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e26358.Texto completo  Resumo

89. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: possible causes. July 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

90. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. Sep 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

91. Van Den Eede F, Moorkens G, Van Houdenhove B, et al. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuropsychobiology. 2007;55(2):112-20.Texto completo  Resumo

92. Schwartz RB, Garada BM, Komaroff AL, et al. Detection of intracranial abnormalities in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: comparison of MR imaging and SPECT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 Apr;162(4):935-41.Texto completo  Resumo

93. Caseras X, Mataix-Cols D, Giampietro V, et al. Probing the working memory system in chronic fatigue syndrome: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study using the n-back task. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 Apr;162(4):935-41. Resumo

94. Cho HJ, Skowera A, Cleare A, et al. Chronic fatigue syndrome: an update focusing on phenomenology and pathophysiology. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2006 Jan;19(1):67-73. Resumo

95. McKenzie R, O'Fallon A, Dale J, et al. Low-dose hydrocortisone for treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1998 Sep 23-30;280(12):1061-6.Texto completo  Resumo

96. Bombardier CH, Buchwald D. Chronic fatigue, chronic fatigue syndrome, and fibromyalgia. Disability and health-care use. Med Care. 1996 Sep;34(9):924-30. Resumo

97. Cornuz J, Guessous I, Favrat B. Fatigue: a practical approach to diagnosis in primary care. CMAJ. 2006 Mar 14;174(6):765-7.Texto completo  Resumo

98. Lane TJ, Matthews DA, Manu P. The low yield of physical examinations and laboratory investigations of patients with chronic fatigue. Am J Med Sci. 1990 May;299(5):313-8. Resumo

99. Ridsdale L, Evans A, Jerrett W, et al. Patients who consult with tiredness: frequency of consultation, perceived causes of tiredness and its association with psychological distress. Br J Gen Pract. 1994 Sep;44(386):413-6.Texto completo  Resumo

100. Hamilton W, Watson J, Round A. Investigating fatigue in primary care. BMJ. 2010 Aug 24;341:c4259. Resumo

101. Wright J, O'Connor KM. Fatigue. Med Clin North Am. 2014 May;98(3):597-608. Resumo

102. Yu DS, Lee DT, Man NW. Fatigue among older people: a review of the research literature. Int J Nurs Stud. 2010 Feb;47(2):216-28. Resumo

103. Guidelines and Protocols Advisory Committee, British Columbia Medical Services Commission. Iron deficiency: diagnosis and management. April 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

104. Ebell MH, Belden JL. Clinical inquiries. What is a reasonable initial approach to the patient with fatigue? J Fam Pract. 2001 Jan;50(1):16-7. Resumo

105. Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JB. The patient health questionnaire-2: validity of a two-item depression screener. Med Care. 2003 Nov;41(11):1284-92. Resumo

106. Spitzer RL, Williams JB, Kroenke K, et al. Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care: the PRIME-MD 1000 study. JAMA. 1994 Dec 14;272(22):1749-56. Resumo

107. Jackson JL, Houston JS, Hanling SR, et al. Clinical predictors of mental disorders among medical outpatients. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Mar 26;161(6):875-9.Texto completo  Resumo

108. Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JB; Patient Health Questionnaire Primary Care Study Group. Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: the PHQ primary care study. JAMA. 1999 Nov 10;282(18):1737-44.Texto completo  Resumo

109. Ewing JA. Detecting alcoholism: the CAGE questionnaire. JAMA. 1984 Oct 12;252(14):1905-7. Resumo

110. Babor TF, Higgins-Biddle JC, Saunders JB, et al. The alcohol use disorders identification test: guidelines for use in primary care. 2nd ed. World Health Organization. Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2001.Texto completo

111. Violani C, Devoto A, Lucidi F, et al. Validity of a short insomnia questionnaire: the SDQ. Brain Res Bull. 2004 Jun 30;63(5):415-21. Resumo

112. Nguyen AT, Baltzan MA, Small D, et al. Clinical reproducibility of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. J Clin Sleep Med. 2006 Apr 15;2(2):170-4. Resumo

113. Rosenthal LD, Dolan DC. The Epworth sleepiness scale in the identification of obstructive sleep apnea. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008 May;196(5):429-31. Resumo

114. Whitehead L. The measurement of fatigue in chronic illness: a systematic review of unidimensional and multidimensional fatigue measures. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2009 Jan;37(1):107-28. Resumo

115. Mendoza TR, Wang XS, Cleeland CS, et al. The rapid assessment of fatigue severity in cancer patients: use of the Brief Fatigue Inventory. Cancer. 1999 Mar 1;85(5):1186-96. Resumo

116. Krupp LB, LaRocca NG, Muir-Nash J, et al. The fatigue severity scale. Application to patients with multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Arch Neurol. 1989 Oct;46(10):1121-3. Resumo

117. Hann DM, Jacobsen PB, Azzarello LM, et al. Measurement of fatigue in cancer patients: development and validation of the Fatigue Symptom Inventory. Qual Life Res. 1998 May;7(4):301-10. Resumo

118. Belza B, Miyawaki CE, Liu M, et al. A Systematic Review of Studies Using the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale. J Nurs Meas. 2018 Apr 1;26(1):36-75.Texto completo  Resumo

119. Kalra L, Hamlyn AN, Jones BJ. Blue sclerae: a common sign of iron deficiency? Lancet. 1986 Nov 29;2(8518):1267-9. Resumo

120. Prabhakar VK, Shalet SM. Aetiology, diagnosis, and management of hypopituitarism in adult life. Postgrad Med J. 2006 Apr;82(966):259-66.Texto completo  Resumo

121. Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, et al. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of fibromyalgia: report of the Multicenter Criteria Committee. Arthritis Rheum. 1990 Feb;33(2):160-72. Resumo

122. DePietropaolo DL, Powers JH, Gill JM, et al. Diagnosis of Lyme disease. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jul 15;72(2):297-304.Texto completo  Resumo

123. Heidenreich PA, Bozkurt B, Aguilar D, et al. 2022 AHA/ACC/HFSA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Joint Committee on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2022 May 3;145(18):e895-e1032.Texto completo  Resumo

124. Anton RF, Moak DH. Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin and gamma-glutamyltransferase as markers of heavy alcohol consumption: gender differences. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1994 Jun;18(3):747-54. Resumo

125. Hanna FWF, Issa BG, Kevil B, et al. Investigating cortisol excess or deficiency: a practical approach. BMJ. 2019 Nov 26;367:l6039.Texto completo  Resumo

126. Oelkers W. Hyponatremia and inappropriate secretion of vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone) in patients with hypopituitarism. N Engl J Med. 1989 Aug 24;321(8):492-6. Resumo

127. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020 Feb 15;395(10223):497-506.Texto completo  Resumo

128. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2020 Feb 15;395(10223):507-13.Texto completo  Resumo

129. Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, et al. Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA. 2020 Feb 7 [Epub ahead of print].Texto completo  Resumo

130. Li LQ, Huang T, Wang YQ, et al. 2019 novel coronavirus patients' clinical characteristics, discharge rate and fatality rate of meta-analysis. J Med Virol. 2020 Mar 12 [Epub ahead of print].Texto completo  Resumo

131. Qin C, Zhou L, Hu Z, et al. Dysregulation of immune response in patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 12 [Epub ahead of print].Texto completo  Resumo

132. Song F, Shi N, Shan F, et al. Emerging coronavirus 2019-nCoV pneumonia. Radiology. 2020 Feb 6;200274.Texto completo  Resumo

133. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing the long-term effects of COVID-19. Dec 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

134. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Post-COVID Conditions: Information for Healthcare Providers. Jul 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

135. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Evaluating and Caring for Patients with Post-COVID Conditions: Interim Guidance. Jun 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

136. Mulrow CD, Williams JW Jr, Gerety MB, et al. Case-finding instruments for depression in primary care settings. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Jun 15;122(12):913-21. Resumo

137. Rushton DH, Norris MJ, Dover R, et al. Causes of hair loss and the developments in hair rejuvenation. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2002 Feb;24(1):17-23. Resumo

138. Trost LB, Bergfeld WF, Calogeras E. The diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency and its potential relationship to hair loss. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006 May;54(5):824-44. Resumo

139. American Academy of Sleep Medicine. International Classification of Sleep Disorders. 3rd ed. Darien, IL: American Academy of Sleep Medicine; 2014.

140. Kapur VK, Auckley DH, Chowdhuri S, et al. Clinical Practice Guideline for Diagnostic Testing for Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Clinical Practice Guideline. J Clin Sleep Med. 2017 Mar 15;13(3):479-504.Texto completo  Resumo

141. Gibson GJ. Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: underestimated and undertreated. Br Med Bull. 2005 Mar 29;72:49-65.Texto completo  Resumo

142. Mokhlesi B, Masa JF, Brozek JL, et al. Evaluation and management of obesity hypoventilation syndrome. An official American Thoracic Society clinical practice guideline. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Aug 1;200(3):e6-e24.Texto completo  Resumo

143. Erratum: Evaluation and management of obesity hypoventilation syndrome. An official American Thoracic Society clinical practice guideline. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Nov 15;200(10):1326.Texto completo  Resumo

144. Laratta CR, Ayas NT, Povitz M, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults. CMAJ. 2017 Dec 4;189(48):E1481-E1488.Texto completo  Resumo

145. American Diabetes Association Professional Practice Committee. 2. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes: standards of medical care in diabetes-2022. Diabetes Care. 2022 Jan 1;45(supplement 1):S17-S38.Texto completo  Resumo

146. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Influenza signs and symptoms and the role of laboratory diagnostics. October 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

147. Valko PO, Bassetti CL, Bloch KE, et al. Validation of the fatigue severity scale in a Swiss cohort. Sleep. 2008 Nov;31(11):1601-7.Texto completo  Resumo

148. Medical Research Council. MRC Dyspnoea scale / MRC Breathlessness scale. [internet publication].Texto completo

149. Alarcón-Rodríguez J, Fernández-Velilla M, Ureña-Vacas A, et al. Radiological management and follow-up of post-COVID-19 patients. [in spa]. Radiologia (Engl Ed). 2021 May-Jun;63(3):258-269.Texto completo  Resumo

150. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated guidelines for the use of nucleic acid amplification tests in the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Jan 2009 [internet publication]Texto completo

151. Lewinsohn DM, Leonard MK, LoBue PA, et al. Official American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Clinical practice guidelines: diagnosis of tuberculosis in adults and children. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 15;64(2):111-5.Texto completo  Resumo

152. World Health Organization. WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis. Module 3: diagnosis - rapid diagnostics for tuberculosis detection. Jun 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

153. Dickstein G, Shechner C, Nicholson WE, et al. Adrenocorticotropin stimulation test: effects of basal cortisol level, time of day, and suggested new sensitive low dose test. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1991 Apr;72(4):773-8. Resumo

154. Atkinson K, Austin DE, McElwain TJ, et al. Alcohol pain in Hodgkin's disease. Cancer. 1976 Feb;37(2):895-9.Texto completo  Resumo

155. Mead P, Petersen J, Hinckley A. Updated CDC Recommendation for Serologic Diagnosis of Lyme Disease. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 Aug 16;68(32):703.Texto completo  Resumo

156. Montoya JG, Liesenfeld O. Toxoplasmosis. Lancet. 2004 Jun 12;363(9425):1965-76. Resumo

157. Hedman K, Lappalainen M, Seppala I, et al. Recent primary toxoplasma infection indicated by a low avidity of specific IgG. J Infect Dis. 1989 Apr;159(4):736-40. Resumo

158. Perazella MA, Reilly RF. Chronic kidney disease: a new classification and staging system. Hospital Physician. 2003 Mar;39:18-45.

159. Hughes AJ, Daniel SE, Kilford L, et al. Accuracy of clinical diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a clinico-pathological study of 100 cases. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1992 Mar;55(3):181-4.Texto completo  Resumo

160. Smeenk R, Brinkman K, van den Brink H, et al. Antibodies to DNA in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: their role in the diagnosis, the follow-up and the pathogenesis of the disease. Clin Rheumatol. 1990 Mar;9(1 suppl 1):100-10. Resumo

161. Eaton RB, Schnneider G, Schur PH. Enzyme immunoassay for antibodies to native DNA. Specificity and quality of antibodies. Arthritis Rheum. 1983 Jan;26(1):52-62. Resumo

O uso deste conteúdo está sujeito ao nosso aviso legal