Doença relacionada a grandes altitudes

Referências

Principais artigos

Roach RC, Bärtsch P, Oelz O, et al; Lake Louise Consensus Committee. The Lake Louise acute mountain sickness scoring system. In: Sutton JR, Houston CS, Coates G, eds. Hypoxia and molecular medicine. Burlington, VT: Charles S. Houston, 1993:272-274.

Luks AM, McIntosh SE, Grissom CK, et al. Wilderness Medical Society practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of acute altitude illness: 2014 update. Wilderness Environ Med. 2014 Dec;25(4 Suppl):S4-14.Texto completo  Resumo

Donegani E, Paal P, Küpper T, et al. Drug use and misuse in the mountains: a UIAA MedCom consensus guide for medical professionals. High Alt Med Biol. 2016 Sep;17(3):157-184.Texto completo  Resumo

Ritchie ND, Baggott AV, Andrew Todd WT. Acetazolamide for the prevention of acute mountain sickness - a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Travel Med. 2012 Sep-Oct;19(5):298-307.Texto completo  Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Roach RC, Bärtsch P, Oelz O, et al; Lake Louise Consensus Committee. The Lake Louise acute mountain sickness scoring system. In: Sutton JR, Houston CS, Coates G, eds. Hypoxia and molecular medicine. Burlington, VT: Charles S. Houston, 1993:272-274.

2. Wright AD, Brearley SP, Imray CH. High hopes at high altitudes: pharmacotherapy for acute mountain sickness and high altitude cerebral and pulmonary oedema. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2008 Jan;9(1):119-27. Resumo

3. Hultgren H. High altitude medicine. Stamford, CT: Hultgren Publications; 2001.

4. Honigman B, Theis MK, Koziol-McLain J, et al. Acute mountain sickness in a general tourist population at moderate altitudes. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Apr 15;118(8):587-92. Resumo

5. Hackett PH, Roach RC. High altitude illness. New Engl J Med. 2001 Jul 12;345(2):107-14. Resumo

6. Maggiorini M, Bärtsch P, Walter M, et al. Prevalence of acute mountain sickness in the Swiss Alps. BMJ. 1990 Oct 13;301(6756):853-5.Texto completo  Resumo

7. Vardy J, Vardy J, Judge K, et al. Acute mountain sickness and ascent rate in trekkers above 2500m in the Nepali Himalaya. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2006 Jul;77(7):742-4. Resumo

8. Murdoch DR. Altitude illness among tourists flying to 3740 meters elevation in the Nepal Himalayas. J Trav Med. 1995 Dec 1;2(4):255-256.Texto completo  Resumo

9. Purkayastha SS, Ray US, Arora BS, et al. Acclimatization at high altitude in gradual and acute induction. J Appl Physiol. 1995 Aug;79(2):487-92. Resumo

10. Basnyat B, Subedi D, Sleggs J, et al. Disoriented and ataxic pilgrims: an epidemiological study of acute mountain sickness and high altitude cerebral edema at a sacred lake at 4300m in the Nepal Himalayas. Wilderness Environ Med. 2000 Summer;11(2):89-93. Resumo

11. Gabry AL, Ledoux X, Mozziconacci M, et al. High altitude pulmonary edema at moderate altitude (<2,400m; 7,870 feet): a series of 52 patients. Chest. 2003 Jan;123(1):49-53. Resumo

12. Hackett PH, Roach RC. High altitude cerebral oedema. High Alt Med Biol. 2004 Summer;5(2):136-46. Resumo

13. Wilson MH, Newman S, Imray CH. The cerebral effects of ascent to high altitudes. Lancet Neurol. 2009 Feb;8(2):175-91. Resumo

14. Sanchez del Rio M, Moskowitz MA. High altitude headache: lessons from headaches at sea level. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1999;474:145-53. Resumo

15. Bärtsch P, Bailey DM, Berger MM, Knauth M, et al. Acute mountain sickness: controversies and advances. High Alt Med Biol. 2004 Summer;5(2):110-24. Resumo

16. Bärtsch P, Roach RC. Acute mountain sickness. In: Hornbein TF, Schoene RB, eds. High altitude: an exploration of human adaptation, vol 161. New York: Marcel Dekker; 2001:731-776.

17. Jensen JB, Wright AD, Lassen NA, et al. Cerebral blood flow in acute mountain sickness. J Appl Physiol. 1990 Aug;69(2):430-3. Resumo

18. Schoene RB. Unraveling the mechanism of high altitude pulmonary edema. High Alt Med Biol. 2004 Summer;5(2):125-35. Resumo

19. Maggiorini M. High altitude-induced pulmonary edema. Cardiovasc Res. 2006 Oct 1;72(1):41-50. Resumo

20. Dehnert C, Risse F, Ley S, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging of uneven pulmonary perfusion in hypoxia in humans. Am J Resp Crit Care Med. 2006 Nov 15;174(10):1132-8. Resumo

21. Hackett PH, Yarnell PR, Hill R, et al. High altitude cerebral edema evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging. JAMA. 1998 Dec 9;280(22):1920-5. Resumo

22. Sartori C, Lepori M, Maggiorini M, et al. Impairment of amiloride-sensitive sodium transport in individuals susceptible to HAPE. In: Roach RC, Wagner P, Hackett PH, eds. Hypoxia into the next millennium. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum; 1999:426.

23. Sartori C, Allemann Y, Duplain H, et al. Salmeterol for the prevention of high altitude pulmonary edema. New Engl J Med. 2002 May 23;346(21):1631-6. Resumo

24. Hackett PH, Rennie D. The incidence, importance and prophylaxis of acute mountain sickness. Lancet. 1976 Nov 27;2(7996):1149-55. Resumo

25. Singh I, Kapila C, Khanna P, et al. High altitude pulmonary edema. Lancet. 1965 Jan 30;1(7379):229-34. Resumo

26. Burtscher M, Brandstätter E, Gatterer H. Preacclimatization in simulated altitudes. Sleep Breath. 2008 May;12(2):109-14. Resumo

27. Richalet J-P, Keromes A, Dersch B, et al. Caracteristiques physiologiques des alpinistes de haute altitude. Sci Sports. 1988;3:89-108.

28. Luks AM, McIntosh SE, Grissom CK, et al. Wilderness Medical Society practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of acute altitude illness: 2014 update. Wilderness Environ Med. 2014 Dec;25(4 Suppl):S4-14.Texto completo  Resumo

29. Schneider M, Bernasch D, Weymann J, et al. Acute mountain sickness: influence of susceptibility, pre-exposure and ascent rate. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Dec;34(12):1886-91. Resumo

30. Ziaee V, Yunesian M, Ahmadinejad Z, et al. Acute mountain sickness in Iranian trekkers around Mt Damavand in Iran. Wilderness Environ Med. 2003 Winter;14(4):214-9. Resumo

31. Graham J, Potyk D. Age and acute mountain sickness - examining the data. JAGS. 2005 Apr;53(4):735. Resumo

32. Vearrier D, Greenberg MI. Occupational health of miners at altitude: adverse health effects, toxic exposures, pre-placement screening, acclimatization, and worker surveillance. Clin Toxicol (PA). 2011 Aug;49(7):629-40. Resumo

33. Roach RC, Maes D, Sandoval D, et al. Exercise exacerbates acute mountain sickness at simulated altitude. J Appl Physiol. 2000 Feb;88(2):581-5.Texto completo  Resumo

34. Gaillard S, Dellasanta P, Lautan L, et al. Awareness, prevalence, medication use and risk factors of acute mountain sickness in tourists trekking around the Annapurna in Nepal: a 12 year follow-up. High Alt Med Biol. 2004 Winter;5(4):410-9. Resumo

35. Williamson J, Oakeshott P, Dallimore J. Altitude sickness and acetazolamide. BMJ. 2018 May 31;361:k2153.Texto completo  Resumo

36. Donegani E, Paal P, Küpper T, et al. Drug use and misuse in the mountains: a UIAA MedCom consensus guide for medical professionals. High Alt Med Biol. 2016 Sep;17(3):157-184.Texto completo  Resumo

37. Nieto Estrada VH, Molano Franco D, Medina RD, et al. Interventions for preventing high altitude illness: Part 1. Commonly-used classes of drugs. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Jun 27;6:CD009761.Texto completo  Resumo

38. Gonzalez Garay A, Molano Franco D, Nieto Estrada VH, et al. Interventions for preventing high altitude illness: Part 2. Less commonly-used drugs. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Mar 12;3:CD012983.Texto completo  Resumo

39. Molano Franco D, Nieto Estrada VH, Gonzalez Garay AG, et al. Interventions for preventing high altitude illness: Part 3. Miscellaneous and non-pharmacological interventions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Apr 23;4:CD013315.Texto completo  Resumo

40. Tsai TY, Wang SH, Lee YK, et al. Ginkgo biloba extract for prevention of acute mountain sickness: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open. 2018 Aug 17;8(8):e022005.Texto completo  Resumo

41. Bärtsch P, Maggiorini M, Ritter M, et al. Prevention of high-altitude pulmonary edema by nifedipine. N Engl J Med. 1991 Oct 31;325(18):1284-9.Texto completo  Resumo

42. Yaron M, Niermeyer S. Travel to high altitude with young children: an approach for clinicians. High Alt Med Biol. 2008 Winter;9(4):265-9.Texto completo  Resumo

43. Maggiorini M, Bärtsch P, Oelz O.Association between raised body temperature and acute mountain sickness: cross sectional study. BMJ. 1997 Aug 16;315(7105):403-4.Texto completo  Resumo

44. Bärtsch P, Shaw S, Franciolli M, et al. Atrial natriuretic peptide in acute mountain sickness. J Appl Physiol. 1988 Nov;65(5):1929-37. Resumo

45. Bircher HP, Eichenberger U, Maggiorini M, et al. Relationship of mountain sickness to physical fitness and exercise intensity during ascent. J Wilderness Med. 1994;5:302-311.

46. Roach RC, Greene ER, Schoene RB, et al. Arterial oxygen saturation for prediction of acute mountain sickness. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1998 Dec;69(12):1182-5. Resumo

47. Schoene RB, Swenson ER, Hultgren HN. High altitude pulmonary edema. In: Hornbein TF, Schoene RB, eds. High altitude: an exploration of human adaptation. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2001:777-814.

48. Menon ND. High altitude pulmonary edema: a clinical study. New Engl J Med. 1965 Jul 8;273:66-73. Resumo

49. Ward MP, Milledge JS, West JB. High altitude medicine and physiology. 3rd ed. London: Arnold; 2000.

50. Vock P, Fretz C, Franciolli M, et al. High altitude pulmonary edema; findings at high altitude chest radiography and physical examination. Radiology. 1989 Mar;170(3 Pt 1):661-6. Resumo

51. Fagenholz PJ, Gutman JA, Murray AF, et al. Treatment of high altitude pulmonary edema at 4240 m in Nepal. High Alt Med Biol. 2007 Summer;8(2):139-46. Resumo

52. Marticorena E, Tapia FA, Dyer J, et al. Pulmonary edema by ascending to high altitudes. Dis Chest. 1964 Mar;45:273-83. Resumo

53. Houston CS. Acute pulmonary edema of high altitude. New Engl J Med. 1960 Sep 8;263:478-80. Resumo

54. Fagenholz PJ, Gutman JA, Murray AF, et al. Chest ultrasonography for the diagnosis and monitoring of high altitude pulmonary edema. Chest. 2007 Apr;131(4):1013-8. Resumo

55. Allemann Y, Hutter D, Lipp E, et al. Patent foramen ovale and high altitude pulmonary edema. JAMA. 2006 Dec 27;296(24):2954-8.Texto completo  Resumo

56. Houston CS, Dickinson J. Cerebral form of high altitude illness. Lancet. 1975 Oct 18;2(7938):758-61. Resumo

57. Windsor JS, Rodway GW. Supplemental oxygen and sleep at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 2006 Winter;7(4):307-11. Resumo

58. Hultgren H, Honigman B, Theis K, et al. High altitude pulmonary edema in a ski resort. West J Med. 1996 Mar;164(3):222-7. Resumo

59. Cogo A, Fischer R, Schoene R. Respiratory disease and high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 2004 Winter;5(4):435-44. Resumo

60. Faulhaber M, Flatz M, Gatterer, et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases among alpine skiers and hikers in the Austrian Alps. High Alt Med Biol. 2007 Fall;8(3):245-52. Resumo

61. Lipman GS. Carbon monoxide toxicity at high altitude. Wilderness Environ Med. 2006 Summer;17(2):144-5. Resumo

62. Ahmad H. Diabetic ketoacidosis in an undiagnosed diabetic precipitated by high altitude pulmonary edema. High Alt Med Biol. 2006 Spring;7(1):84-6. Resumo

63. Speedy DB, Noakes TD, Rogers IR, et al. Hyponatraemia in ultradistance triathletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999 Jun;31(6):809-15. Resumo

64. Schmidt W, Rojas J, Boning D, et al. Plasma electrolytes in natives to hypoxia after marathon races at different altitudes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999 Oct;31(10):1406-13. Resumo

65. Baumgartner RW, Siegel AM, Hackett PH. Going high with preexisting neurological conditions. High Alt Med Biol. 2007 Summer;8(2):108-16. Resumo

66. Barry PW, Pollard AJ. Altitude illness. BMJ. 2003 Apr 26;326(7395):915-9.Texto completo  Resumo

67. Rock PB, Johnson TS, Larsen RF, et al. Dexamethasone as prophylaxis for acute mountain sickness. Effects of dose level. Chest. 1989 Mar;95(3):568-73. Resumo

68. Subedi BH, Pokharel J, Goodman TL, et al. Complications of steroid use on Mt. Everest. Wilderness Environ Med. 2010 Dec;21(4):345-8. Resumo

69. Low EV, Avery AJ, Gupta V, et al. Identifying the lowest effective dose of acetazolamide for the prophylaxis of acute mountain sickness: systematic review and meta-analysis. 2012 Oct 18;345:e6779.Texto completo  Resumo

70. Ritchie ND, Baggott AV, Andrew Todd WT. Acetazolamide for the prevention of acute mountain sickness - a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Travel Med. 2012 Sep-Oct;19(5):298-307.Texto completo  Resumo

71. Seupaul RA, Welch JL, Malka ST, et al. Pharmacologic prophylaxis for acute mountain sickness: a systematic shortcut review. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Apr;59(4):307-317. Resumo

72. Ferrazzini G, Maggiorini M, Kriemler S, et al. Successful treatment of acute mountain sickness with dexamethasone. BMJ. 1987 May 30;294(6584):1380-2.Texto completo  Resumo

73. Wu TY, Ding SQ, Liu JL, et al. High-altitude gastrointestinal bleeding: an observation in Qinghai-Tibetan railroad construction workers on Mountain Tanggula. World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Feb 7;13(5):774-80. Resumo

74. Burtscher M, Likar R, Nachbauer W, et al. Aspirin for prophylaxis against headache at high altitudes: randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial. BMJ. 1998 Apr 4;316(7137):1057-8.Texto completo  Resumo

75. Simancas-Racines D, Arevalo-Rodriguez I, Osorio D, et al. Interventions for treating acute high altitude illness. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Jun 30;6:CD009567.Texto completo  Resumo

76. Grissom CK, Roach RC, Samquist FH, et al. Acetazolamide in the treatment of acute mountain sickness: clinical efficacy and effect on gas exchange. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Mar 15;116(6):461-5. Resumo

77. Wright AD, Winterborn MH, Forster PJ, et al. Carbonic anhydrase inhibition in the immediate therapy of acute mountain sickness. J Wilderness Med. 1994;5:49-55.

78. Dumont L, Mardirosoff C, Tramèr MR. Efficacy and harm of pharmacological prevention of acute mountain sickness: quantitative systematic review. BMJ. Jul 29;321(7256):267-72.Texto completo  Resumo

79. Nerin MA, Palop J, Montano JA, et al. Acute mountain sickness: influence of fluid intake. Wilderness Environ Med. 2006 Winter;17(4):215-20. Resumo

80. Basnyat B, Gertsch JH, Holck PS, et al. Acetazolamide 125mg BD is not significantly different from 37mg BD in the prevention of acute mountain sickness: the prophylactic acetazolamide dosage comparison for efficacy (PACE) TRIAL. High Alt Med Biol Spr. 2006 Spring;7(1):17-27. Resumo

81. Keller HR, Maggiorini M, Bärtsch P, et al. Simulated descent vs dexamethasone in treatment of AMS - a randomized trial. BMJ. 1995 May 13;310(6989):1232-5.Texto completo  Resumo

82. Weil JV. Sleep at altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 2004 Summer;5(2):180-9. Resumo

83. Beaumont M, Goldenberg F, Lejeune D, et al. Effect of zolpidem on sleep an ventilatory patterns at simulated altitude of 4000m. Am J Crit Care Med. 1996 Jun;153(6 Pt 1):1864-9. Resumo

84. Dubowitz G. Effect of temazepam on oxygen saturation and sleep quality at high altitude: randomized placebo controlled crossover trial. BMJ. 1998 Feb 21;316(7131):587-9.Texto completo  Resumo

85. Rodway GW, Windsor JS, Hart ND, Caudwell Xtreme Everest Research Group. Supplemental oxygen and hyperbaric treatment at high altitude: cardiac and respiratory response. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 Jun;78(6):613-7. Resumo

86. Oelz O, Maggiorini M, Ritter M, et al. Nifedipine for high altitude pulmonary edema. Lancet. 1989 Nov 25;2(8674):1241-4. Resumo

87. Ghofrani HA, Reichenberger F, Kohstall MG. Sildenafil increased exercise capacity during hypoxia at low altitudes and at Mount Everest base camp: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial. Ann Intern Med. 2004 Aug 3;141(3):169-77. Resumo

88. Richalet JP, Gratadour P, Robach P, et al. Sildenafil inhibits altitude-induced hypoxia and pulmonary hypertension. Am J Resp Crit Care. 2005 Feb 1;171(3):275-81.Texto completo  Resumo

89. Maggiorini M, Brunner-La Rocca HP, Peth S, et al. Both tadalafil and dexamethasone may reduce the incidence of high altitude pulmonary edema. Ann Int Med. 2006 Oct 3;145(7):497-506. Resumo

90. van Patot MC, Keyes LE, Leadbetter G 3rd, et al. Ginkgo biloba for prevention of acute mountain sickness: does it work? High Alt Med Biol. 2009 Spring;10(1):33-43. Resumo

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