Meningite fúngica

Referências

Principais artigos

Johnson RH, Einstein HE. Coccidioidal meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Jan 1;42(1):103-7.Texto completo  Resumo

Beale MA, Sabiiti W, Robertson EJ, et al. Genotypic diversity is associated with clinical outcome and phenotype in cryptococcal meningitis across Southern Africa. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Jun 25;9(6):e0003847.Texto completo  Resumo

Jarvis JN, Bicanic T, Loyse A, et al. Determinants of mortality in a combined cohort of 501 patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: implications for improving outcomes. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Mar;58(5):736-45.Texto completo  Resumo

Chayakulkeeree M, Perfect JR. Cryptococcosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2006 Sep;20(3):507-44. Resumo

Müller M, Wandel S, Colebunders R, et al. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in patients starting antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010 Apr;10(4):251-61. Resumo

Yuanije Z, Jianghan C, Nan X, et al. Cryptococcal meningitis in immunocompetent children. Mycoses. 2012 Mar;55(2):168-71. Resumo

Day JN, Chau TT, Wolbers M, et al. Combination antifungal therapy for cryptococcal meningitis. N Engl J Med. 2013 Apr 4;368(14):1291-1302.Texto completo  Resumo

Boulware DR, Meya DB, Muzoora C, et al; COAT Trial Team. Timing of antiretroviral therapy after diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jun 26;370(26):2487-98.Texto completo  Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Kravitz GR, Davies SF, Eckman MR, et al. Chronic blastomycotic meningitis. Am J Med. 1981 Sep;71(3):501-5. Resumo

2. Harley WB, Lomis M, Haas DW. Marked polymorphonuclear pleocytosis due to blastomycotic meningitis: a case report and review. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 May;18(5):816-8. Resumo

3. Scott EN, Kaufman L, Brown AC, et al. Serologic studies in the diagnosis and management of meningitis due to Sporothrix schenckii. N Engl J Med. 1987 Oct 8;317(15):935-40. Resumo

4. Salaki JS, Louria DB, Chmel H. Fungal and yeast infections of the central nervous system. A clinical review. Medicine (Baltimore). 1984 Mar;63(2):108-32. Resumo

5. Ellner JJ, Bennett JE. Chronic meningitis. Medicine (Baltimore). 1976 Sep;55(5):341-69. Resumo

6. Gottfredsson M, Perfect JR. Fungal meningitis. Semin Neurol. 2000;20(3):307-22. Resumo

7. Kauffman CA. Histoplasmosis: a clinical and laboratory update. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2007 Jan;20(1):115-32.Texto completo  Resumo

8. Wheat LJ. Histoplasmosis: a review for clinicians from non-endemic areas. Mycoses. 2006 Jul;49(4):274-82. Resumo

9. Saubolle MA, McKellar PP, Sussland D. Epidemiologic, clinical and diagnostic aspects of coccidioidomycosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Jan;45(1):26-30.Texto completo  Resumo

10. Johnson RH, Einstein HE. Coccidioidal meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Jan 1;42(1):103-7.Texto completo  Resumo

11. Jenney A, Pandithage K, Fisher DA, et al. Cryptococcus infection in tropical Australia. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Aug;42(8):3865-8.Texto completo  Resumo

12. MacDougall L, Kidd SE, Galanis E, et al. Spread of Cryptococcus gattii in British Columbia, Canada, and detection in the Pacific Northwest, USA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jan;13(1):42-50.Texto completo  Resumo

13. Beale MA, Sabiiti W, Robertson EJ, et al. Genotypic diversity is associated with clinical outcome and phenotype in cryptococcal meningitis across Southern Africa. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Jun 25;9(6):e0003847.Texto completo  Resumo

14. Mirza SA, Phelan M, Rimland D, et al. The changing epidemiology of cryptococcosis: an update from population-based active surveillance in 2 large metropolitan areas, 1992-2000. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Mar 15;36(6):789-94.Texto completo  Resumo

15. Holmes CB, Losina E, Walensky RP, et al. Review of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-related opportunistic infections in sub-Saharan Africa. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Mar 1;36(5):652-62.Texto completo  Resumo

16. Chariyalertsak S, Sirisanthana T, Saengwonloey O, et al. Clinical presentation and risk behaviours of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Thailand, 1994-1998: regional variation and temporal trends. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Mar 15;32(6):955-62.Texto completo  Resumo

17. Jarvis JN, Bicanic T, Loyse A, et al. Determinants of mortality in a combined cohort of 501 patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: implications for improving outcomes. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Mar;58(5):736-45.Texto completo  Resumo

18. Rajasingham R, Smith RM, Park BJ, et al. Global burden of disease of HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: an updated analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Aug;17(8):873-81. Resumo

19. Hakim JG, Gangaidzo IT, Heyderman RS, et al. Impact of HIV infection on meningitis in Harare: a prospective study of 406 predominantly adult patients. AIDS. 2000 Jul 7;14(10):1401-7. Resumo

20. Gordon SB, Walsh AL, Chaponda M, et al. Bacterial meningitis in Malawian adults: pneumococcal disease is common, severe and seasonal. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jul;31(1):53-7.Texto completo  Resumo

21. Fang W, Zhang L, Liu J, et al. Tuberculosis/cryptococcosis co-infection in China between 1965 and 2016. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2017 Aug 23;6(8):e73.Texto completo  Resumo

22. Hajjeh RA, Conn LA, Stephens DS, et al. Cryptococcosis: population-based multistate active surveillance and risk factors in human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons. J Infect Dis. 1999 Feb;179(2):449-54.Texto completo  Resumo

23. Safdieh JE, Mead PA, Sepkowitz KA, et al. Bacterial and fungal meningitis in patients with cancer. Neurology. 2008 Mar 18;70(12):943-7. Resumo

24. Schmalzle SA, Buchwald UK, Gilliam BL, et al. Cryptococcus neoformans infection in malignancy. Mycoses. 2016 Sep;59(9):542-52. Resumo

25. MacDougall L, Fyfe M. Emergence of Cryptococcus gattii in a novel environment provides clues to its incubation period. J Clin Microbiol. 2006 May;44(5):1851-2.Texto completo  Resumo

26. Hoang LM, Maguire JA, Doyle P, et al. Cryptococcus neoformans infections at Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre (1997-2002): epidemiology, microbiology and histopathology. J Med Microbiol. 2004 Sep;53(Pt 9):935-40.Texto completo  Resumo

27. Edwards LB, Acquaviva FA, Livesay VT, et al. An atlas of sensitivity to tuberculin, PPD-B, and histoplasmin in the United States. Annu Rev Respir Dis. 1969 Apr;99(4):Suppl:1-132. Resumo

28. Wheat LJ, Musial CE, Jenny-Avital E. Diagnosis and management of central nervous system histoplasmosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Mar 15;40(6):844-52.Texto completo  Resumo

29. Chiller TM, Galgani JN, Stevens DA. Coccidioidomycosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2003 Mar;17(1):41-57. Resumo

30. DiCaudo DJ. Coccidioidomycosis: a review and update. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006 Dec;55(6):929-42. Resumo

31. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coccidioidomycosis - Arizona, 1990-1995. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1996 Dec 13;45(49):1069-73.Texto completo  Resumo

32. Ampel NM, Mosley DG, England B, et al. Coccidioidomycosis in Arizona: increase in incidence from 1990 to 1995. Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Dec;27(6):1528-30. Resumo

33. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Increase in coccidioidomycosis - Arizona, 1998-2001. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2003 Feb 14;52(6):109-12.Texto completo  Resumo

34. Ampel MA. Coccidiodomycosis in persons infected with HIV type 1. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Oct 15;41(8):1174-8.Texto completo  Resumo

35. Ampel NM, Dols CL, Galgiani JN. Coccidioidomycosis during human immunodeficiency virus infection: results of a prospective study in a coccidioidal endemic area. Am J Med. 1993 Mar;94(3):235-40. Resumo

36. Olmedo Diaz I, Pallas Alonso CR, Miralles Molina M, et al. Neonatal meningitis: study of 56 cases [in Spanish]. An Esp Pediatr. 1997 Feb;46(2):189-94. Resumo

37. Buchs S. Candida meningitis: a growing threat to premature and fullterm infants. Pediatr Infect Dis. 1985 Mar-Apr;4(2):122-3. Resumo

38. Fernandez M, Moylett EH, Noyola DE, et al. Candidal meningitis in neonates: a 10-year review. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Aug;31(2):458-63.Texto completo  Resumo

39. Lipton SA, Hickey WF, Morris JH, et al. Candidal infection in the central nervous system. Am J Med. 1984 Jan;76(1):101-8. Resumo

40. Voice RA, Bradley SF, Sangeorzan JA, et al. Chronic candidal meningitis: an uncommon manifestation of candidiasis. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 Jul;19(1):60-6. Resumo

41. Chiou CC, Wong TT, Lin HH, et al. Fungal infection of ventriculoperitoneal shunts in children. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 Dec;19(6):1049-53. Resumo

42. Sánchez-Portocarrero J, Martin-Rabadán P, Saldaña CJ, et al. Candida cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection. Report of two new cases and review of the literature. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1994 Sep;20(1):33-40. Resumo

43. Nguyen MH, Yu VL. Meningitis caused by Candida species: an emerging problem in neurosurgical patients. Clin Infect Dis. 1995 Aug;21(2):323-7. Resumo

44. Kainer MA, Reagan DR, Nguyen DB, et al; Tennessee Fungal Meningitis Investigation Team. Fungal infections associated with contaminated methylprednisolone in Tennessee. N Engl J Med. 2012 Dec 6;367(23):2194-2203.Texto completo  Resumo

45. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other infections – case count. Oct 2015 [internet publication].Texto completo

46. Chayakulkeeree M, Perfect JR. Cryptococcosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2006 Sep;20(3):507-44. Resumo

47. Sánchez-Portocarrero J, Pérez-Cecilia E, Corral O, et al. The central nervous system and infection by Candida species. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2000 Jul;37(3):169-79. Resumo

48. Antinori S, Corbellino M, Meroni L, et al. Aspergillus meningitis: a rare clinical manifestation of central nervous system aspergillosis - case report and review of 92 cases. J Infect. 2013 Mar;66(3):218-38. Resumo

49. Harrison TS, Levitz SM. Immunology. In: Anaissie EJ, McGinnis MR, Pfaller MA, eds. Clinical mycology. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 2003.

50. Garcia-Hermoso D, Janbon G, Dromer F. Epidemiological evidence for dormant Cryptococcus neoformans infection. J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Oct;37(10):3204-9.Texto completo  Resumo

51. Casadevall A, Steenbergen JN, Nosanchuk JD. 'Ready made' virulence and 'dual use' virulence factors in pathogenic environmental fungi - the Cryptococcus neoformans paradigm. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2003 Aug;6(4):332-7. Resumo

52. McKinsey DS, Spiegel RA, Hutwagner L, et al. Prospective study of histoplasmosis in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus: incidence, risk factors, and pathophysiology. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Jun;24(6):1195-1203. Resumo

53. van der Horst C, Saag MS, Cloud GA, et al. Treatment of cryptococcal meningitis associated with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1997 Jul 3;337(1):15-21.Texto completo  Resumo

54. Pappas PG, Perfect JR, Cloud GA, et al. Cryptococcosis in human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients in the era of effective azole therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Sep 1;33(5):690-9.Texto completo  Resumo

55. Einstein HE, Johnson RH. Coccidioidomycosis: new aspects of epidemiology and therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 1993 Mar;16(3):349-54. Resumo

56. Crum NF, Lederman ER, Stafford CM, et al. Coccidioidomycosis: a descriptive survey of a reemerging disease. Clinical characteristics and current controversies. Medicine (Baltimore). 2004 May;83(3):149-75. Resumo

57. Casado JL, Quereda C, Oliva J, et al. Candidal meningitis in HIV-infected patients: analysis of 14 cases. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Sep;25(3):673-6. Resumo

58. del Pozo MM, Bermejo F, Molina JA, et al. Chronic neutrophilic meningitis caused by Candida albicans. Neurologia. 1998 Aug-Sep;13(7):362-6. Resumo

59. World Health Organization. Guidelines for the diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children: supplement to the 2016 consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection. Mar 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo  Resumo

60. Awotiwon AA, Johnson S, Rutherford GW, et al. Primary antifungal prophylaxis for cryptococcal disease in HIV-positive people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Aug 29;(8):CD004773.Texto completo  Resumo

61. Panel on Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adults and adolescents with HIV: recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. May 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

62. Galgiani JN, Ampel NM, Blair JE, et al. 2016 Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) clinical practice guideline for the treatment of coccidioidomycosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Sep 15;63(6):e112-46.Texto completo  Resumo

63. Pappas PG, Kauffman CA, Andes DR, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the management of candidiasis: 2016 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Feb 15;62(4):e1-50.Texto completo  Resumo

64. Blyth CC, Barzi F, Hale K, Isaacs D. Chemoprophylaxis of neonatal fungal infections in very low birthweight infants: efficacy and safety of fluconazole and nystatin. J Paediatr Child Health. 2012 Sep;48(9):846-51. Resumo

65. Müller M, Wandel S, Colebunders R, et al. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in patients starting antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010 Apr;10(4):251-61. Resumo

66. Bayer AS, Edwards JE, Seidel JS, et al. Candida meningitis. Report of seven cases and review of the English literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 1976 Nov;55(6):477-86. Resumo

67. Yuanije Z, Jianghan C, Nan X, et al. Cryptococcal meningitis in immunocompetent children. Mycoses. 2012 Mar;55(2):168-71. Resumo

68. Ashbee HR, Evans EG, Viviani MA, et al. Histoplasmosis in Europe: report on an epidemiological survey from the European Confederation of Medical Mycology Working Group. Med Mycol. 2008 Feb;46(1):57-65. Resumo

69. Sharma P, Mukherjee A, Karunanithi S, et al. Potential role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in patients with fungal infections. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Jul;203(1):180-9. Resumo

70. Chong GM, Maertens JA, Lagrou K, et al. Diagnostic performance of galactomannan antigen testing in cerebrospinal fluid. J Clin Microbiol. 2016 Feb;54(2):428-31.Texto completo  Resumo

71. Garber S, Penar P. Treatment of indolent, nonencapsulated cryptococcal meningitis associated with hydrocephalus. Clin Pract. 2012 Jan 27;2(1):e22.Texto completo  Resumo

72. Litvintseva AP, Lindsley MD, Gade L, et al. Utility of (1-3)-beta-D-glucan testing for diagnostics and monitoring response to treatment during the multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Mar;58(5):622-30. Resumo

73. Brouwer AE, Rajanuwong A, Chierakul W, et al. Combination antifungal therapies for HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2004 May 29;363(9423):1764-7. Resumo

74. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other infections: resources for laboratories. Oct 2015 [internet publication].Texto completo

75. Steiner I, Schmutzhard E, Sellner J, et al; European Federation of Neurological Sciences; European Neurologic Society. EFNS-ENS guidelines for the use of PCR technology for the diagnosis of infections of the nervous system. Eur J Neurol. 2012 Oct;19(10):1278-91. Resumo

76. Thwaites GE, Caws M, Chau TT, et al. Comparison of conventional bacteriology with nucleic acid amplification (amplified mycobacterium direct test) for diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis before and after inception of antituberculosis chemotherapy. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Mar;42(3):996-1002.Texto completo  Resumo

77. Botero Aguirre JP, Restrepo Hamid AM. Amphotericin B deoxycholate versus liposomal amphotericin B: effects on kidney function. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Nov 23;(11):CD010481.Texto completo  Resumo

78. Day JN, Chau TT, Wolbers M, et al. Combination antifungal therapy for cryptococcal meningitis. N Engl J Med. 2013 Apr 4;368(14):1291-1302.Texto completo  Resumo

79. Beardsley J, Wolbers M, Kibengo FM, et al; CryptoDex Investigators. Adjunctive dexamethasone in HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis. N Engl J Med. 2016 Feb 11;374(6):542-54.Texto completo  Resumo

80. Saag MS, Cloud GA, Graybill JR, et al. A comparison of itraconazole versus fluconazole as maintenance therapy for AIDS-associated cryptococcal meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Feb;28(2):291-6.Texto completo  Resumo

81. Powderly WG, Saag MS, Cloud GA, et al. A controlled trial of fluconazole or amphotericin B to prevent relapse of cryptococcal meningitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1992 Mar 19;326(12):793-8. Resumo

82. Mdodo R, Moser SA, Jaoko W, et al. Antifungal susceptibilities of Cryptococcus neoformans cerebrospinal fluid isolates from AIDS patients in Kenya. Mycoses. 2011 Sep;54(5):e438-42. Resumo

83. Boulware DR, Meya DB, Muzoora C, et al; COAT Trial Team. Timing of antiretroviral therapy after diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jun 26;370(26):2487-98.Texto completo  Resumo

84. Eshun-Wilson I, Okwen MP, Richardson M, et al. Early versus delayed antiretroviral treatment in HIV-positive people with cryptococcal meningitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Jul 24;(7):CD009012.Texto completo  Resumo

85. Graybill JR, Sobel J, Saag M, et al. Diagnosis and management of increased intracranial pressure in patients with AIDS and cryptococcal meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jan;30(1):47-54.Texto completo  Resumo

86. Macsween KF, Bicanic T, Brouwer AE, et al. Lumbar drainage for control of cerebrospinal fluid pressure in cryptococcal meningitis: case report and review. J Infect. 2005 Nov;51(4):e221-4. Resumo

87. Johnson PC, Wheat LJ, Cloud GA, et al; National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group. Safety and efficacy of liposomal amphotericin B compared with conventional amphotericin B for induction therapy of histoplasmosis in patients with AIDS. Ann Intern Med. 2002 Jul 16;137(2):105-9.Texto completo  Resumo

88. Groll AH, Giri N, Petraitis V, et al. Comparative efficacy and distribution of lipid formulations of amphotericin B in experimental Candida albicans infection of the central nervous system. J Infect Dis. 2000 Jul;182(1):274-82.Texto completo  Resumo

89. Goldman M, Zackin R, Fichtenbaum CJ, et al. Safety of discontinuation of maintenance therapy for disseminated histoplasmosis after immunologic response to antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 May 15;38(10):1485-9.Texto completo  Resumo

90. Galgiani JN, Catanzaro A, Cloud GA, et al. Fluconazole therapy for coccidioidal meningitis. The NIAID-Mycoses Study Group. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Jul 1;119(1):28-35. Resumo

91. Restrepo A, Tobón A, Clark B, et al. Salvage treatment of histoplasmosis with posaconazole. J Infect. 2007 Apr;54(4):319-27. Resumo

92. Cortez KJ, Walsh TJ, Bennett JE. Successful treatment of coccidioidal meningitis with voriconazole. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Jun 15;36(12):1619-22.Texto completo  Resumo

93. Proia LA, Tenorio AR. Successful use of voriconazole for treatment of Coccidioides meningitis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004 Jun;48(6):2341.Texto completo  Resumo

94. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other infections: resources for clinicians. Oct 2015 [internet publication].Texto completo

95. Smith RM, Tipple M, Chaudry MN, et al. Relapse of fungal meningitis associated with contaminated methylprednisolone. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jun 27;368(26):2535-6.Texto completo  Resumo

96. Patterson TF, Thompson GR 3rd, Denning DW, et al. Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of aspergillosis: 2016 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Aug 15;63(4):e1-60.Texto completo  Resumo

97. Dan M. Mucormycosis of the head and neck. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2011 Apr;13(2):123-31. Resumo

98. Branch RA. Prevention of amphotericin B-induced renal impairment. A review on the use of sodium supplementation. Arch Intern Med. 1988 Nov;148(11):2389-94. Resumo

99. Bicanic T, Wood R, Meintjes G, et al. High-dose amphotericin B with flucytosine for the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis in HIV-infected patients: a randomized trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jul 1;47(1):123-30.Texto completo  Resumo

100. Stevens DA, Shatsky SA. Intrathecal amphotericin in the management of coccidioidal meningitis. Semin Respir Infect. 2001 Dec;16(4):263-9. Resumo

101. Rhein J, Morawski BM, Hullsiek KH, et al; ASTRO-CM Study Team. Efficacy of adjunctive sertraline for the treatment of HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: an open-label dose-ranging study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Jul;16(7):809-18.Texto completo  Resumo

102. Kambugu AD, Kamya M, Mayanja-Kizza H, et al. The high mortality of HIV associated Cryptococcal meningitis despite high dose amphotericin B therapy in Uganda. 41st Annual Meeting of The Infectious Diseases Society of America. San Diego, 2003. Abstract 629.

103. Imwidthaya P, Poungvarin N. Cryptococcosis in AIDS. Postgrad Med J. 2000 Feb;76(892):85-8. Resumo

104. Lu CH, Chen HL, Chang WN, et al. Assessing the chronic neuropsychologic sequelae of human immunodeficiency virus-negative cryptococcal meningitis by using diffusion tensor imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011 Aug;32(7):1333-9.Texto completo  Resumo

105. Dewsnup DH, Galgiani JN, Graybill JR, et al. Is it ever safe to stop azole therapy for Coccidioides immitis meningitis? Ann Intern Med. 1996 Feb 1;124(3):305-10. Resumo

106. Lee BE, Cheung PY, Robinson JL, et al. Comparative study of mortality and morbidity in premature infants (birth weight <1,250 g) with candidaemia or candidal meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Sep;27(3):559-65. Resumo

107. Buchs S, Pfister P. Candida meningitis. Course, prognosis and mortality before and after introduction of the new antimycotics. Mykosen. 1983 Feb;26(2):73-81. Resumo

108. Porter SD, Noble MA, Rennie R. A single strain of Candida albicans associated with separate episodes of fungemia and meningitis. J Clin Microbiol. 1996 Jul;34(7):1813-4.Texto completo  Resumo

109. Panackal AA, Komori M, Kosa P, et al. Spinal arachnoiditis as a complication of cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in non-HIV previously healthy adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Feb 1;64(3):275-83. Resumo

110. Shelburne SA 3rd, Darcourt J, White AC Jr, et al. The role of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in AIDS-related Cryptococcus neoformans disease in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Apr 1;40(7):1049-52.Texto completo  Resumo

111. Lortholary O, Sitbon K, Dromer F; French Cryptococcosis Study Group. Evidence for human immunodeficiency virus and Cryptococcus neoformans interactions in the pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory responses in blood during AIDS-associated cryptococcosis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2005 Apr;11(4):296-300.Texto completo  Resumo

112. Lawn SD, Bekker LG, Myer L, et al. Cryptococcocal immune reconstitution disease: a major cause of early mortality in a South African antiretroviral programme. AIDS. 2005 Nov 18;19(17):2050-52. Resumo

113. Berkeley JL, Nath A, Pardo CA. Fatal immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome with human immunodeficiency virus infection and Candida meningitis: case report and review of the literature. J Neurovirol. 2008 May;14(3):267-76. Resumo

O uso deste conteúdo está sujeito ao nosso aviso legal