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Referências

Principais artigos

Workowski KA, Bachmann LH, Chan PA, et al. Sexually transmitted infections treatment guidelines, 2021. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2021 Jul 23;70(4):1-187.Texto completo  Resumo

Horner PJ, Blee K, Falk L, et al; International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2016 European guideline on the management of non-gonococcal urethritis. Int J STD AIDS. 2016 Oct;27(11):928-37.Texto completo  Resumo

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommendations for the laboratory-based detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae - 2014. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2014 Mar 14;63(RR-02):1-19.Texto completo  Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Workowski KA, Bachmann LH, Chan PA, et al. Sexually transmitted infections treatment guidelines, 2021. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2021 Jul 23;70(4):1-187.Texto completo  Resumo

2. Babu TM, Urban MA, Augenbraun MH. Urethritis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's principles and practice of infectious diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier, Inc; 2020:107;1452-61;e2.

3. Mayor MT, Roett MA, Uduhiri KA. Diagnosis and management of gonococcal infections. Am Fam Physician. 2012 Nov 15;86(10):931-8.Texto completo  Resumo

4. World Health Organization. WHO guidelines for the treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

5. World Health Organization. WHO guidelines for the treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis. 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transmitted disease surveillance 2019. 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

7. Public Health England. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): annual data tables. Sept 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

8. Creighton S, Tenant-Flowers M, Taylor CB, et al. Co-infection with gonorrhoea and chlamydia: how much is there and what does it mean? Int J STD AIDS. 2003 Feb;14(2):109-13. Resumo

9. Totten PA, Schwartz MA, Sjostrom KE, et al. Association of Mycoplasma genitalium with nongonococcal urethritis in heterosexual men. J Infect Dis. 2001 Jan 15;183(2):269-76.Texto completo  Resumo

10. Bradshaw CS, Tabrizi SN, Read TR, et al. Etiologies of nongonococcal urethritis: bacteria, viruses, and the association with orogenital exposure. J Infect Dis. 2006 Feb 1;193(3):336-45.Texto completo  Resumo

11. Bachmann LH, Manhart LE, Martin DH, et al. Advances in the understanding and treatment of male urethritis. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Dec 15;61(suppl 8):S763-9.Texto completo  Resumo

12. Ito S, Hanaoka N, Shimuta K, et al. Male non-gonococcal urethritis: from microbiological etiologies to demographic and clinical features. Int J Urol. 2016 Apr;23(4):325-31.Texto completo  Resumo

13. Sarier M, Kukul E. Classification of non-gonococcal urethritis: a review. Int Urol Nephrol. 2019 Jun;51(6):901-7. Resumo

14. Jordan SJ, Toh E, Williams JA, et al. Aetiology and prevalence of mixed-infections and mono-infections in non-gonococcal urethritis in men: a case-control study. Sex Transm Infect. 2020 Jun;96(4):306-11.Texto completo  Resumo

15. Feneley RC, Hopley IB, Wells PN. Urinary catheters: history, current status, adverse events and research agenda. J Med Eng Technol. 2015;39(8):459-70.Texto completo  Resumo

16. Quillin SJ, Seifert HS. Neisseria gonorrhoeae host adaptation and pathogenesis. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2018 Apr;16(4):226-40.Texto completo  Resumo

17. Gibbs CP, Meyer TF. Genome plasticity in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1996 Dec 1;145(2):173-9.Texto completo  Resumo

18. Unemo M, Shafer WM. Antibiotic resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae: origin, evolution, and lessons learned for the future. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2011 Aug;1230:E19-28.Texto completo  Resumo

19. Elwell C, Mirrashidi K, Engel J. Chlamydia cell biology and pathogenesis. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2016 Jun;14(6):385-400.Texto completo  Resumo

20. Darville T, Hiltke TJ. Pathogenesis of genital tract disease due to Chlamydia trachomatis. J Infect Dis. 2010 Jun 15;201(suppl 2):S114-25.Texto completo  Resumo

21. Horner P, Thomas B, Gilroy C, et al. Antibodies to Chlamydia trachomatis heat-shock protein 60 kDa and detection of Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum are associated independently with chronic nongonococcal urethritis. Sex Transm Dis. 2003 Feb;30(2):129-33.Texto completo  Resumo

22. Chacko MR, Lovchik JC. Chlamydia trachomatis infection in sexually active adolescents: prevalence and risk factors. Pediatrics. 1984 Jun;73(6):836-40. Resumo

23. Martin DH, Bowie WR. Urethritis in males. In: Holmes KK, Sparling PF, Mardh P, et al., eds. Sexually transmitted diseases. 3rd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 1999:833-45.

24. Smith GL, Greenup R, Takafuji E. Circumcision as a risk factor for urethritis in racial groups. Am J Public Health. 1987 Apr;77(4):452-4.Texto completo  Resumo

25. Van Howe RS. Genital ulcerative disease and sexually transmitted urethritis and circumcision: a meta-analysis. Int J STD AIDS. 2007 Dec;18(12):799-809. Resumo

26. Rothenberg R, Judson FN. The clinical diagnosis of urethral discharge. Sex Transm Dis. 1983 Jan-Mar;10(1):24-8. Resumo

27. Brill JR. Diagnosis and treatment of urethritis in men. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Apr 1;81(7):873-8.Texto completo  Resumo

28. European Association of Urology. Guidelines on urological infections. 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

29. Horner PJ, Blee K, Falk L, et al; International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2016 European guideline on the management of non-gonococcal urethritis. Int J STD AIDS. 2016 Oct;27(11):928-37.Texto completo  Resumo

30. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommendations for the laboratory-based detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae - 2014. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2014 Mar 14;63(RR-02):1-19.Texto completo  Resumo

31. Unemo M, Ross Jdc, Serwin AB, et al. 2020 European guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhoea in adults. Int J STD AIDS. 2020 Oct 29 [Epub ahead of print]. Resumo

32. Meyer T, Buder S. The laboratory diagnosis of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: current testing and future demands. Pathogens. 2020 Jan 31;9(2):91.Texto completo  Resumo

33. Meyer T. Diagnostic procedures to detect Chlamydia trachomatis infections. Microorganisms. 2016 Aug 5;4(3):25.Texto completo  Resumo

34. Soni S, Horner P, Rayment M, et al. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV national guideline for the management of infection with Mycoplasma genitalium (2018). Int J STD AIDS. 2019 Sep;30(10):938-50. Resumo

35. Horner P, Donders G, Cusini M, et al. Should we be testing for urogenital Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum in men and women? - a position statement from the European STI Guidelines Editorial Board. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2018 Nov;32(11):1845-51. Resumo

36. Black CM. Current methods of laboratory diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis infections. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1997 Jan;10(1):160-84.Texto completo  Resumo

37. Gaydos CA, Manhart LE, Taylor SN, et al. Molecular testing for Mycoplasma genitalium in the United States: results from the AMES prospective multicenter clinical study. J Clin Microbiol. 2019 Oct 23;57(11):e01125-19.Texto completo  Resumo

38. Schwebke JR, Hook EW 3rd. High rates of Trichomonas vaginalis among men attending a sexually transmitted diseases clinic: Implications for screening and urethritis management. J Infect Dis. 2003 Aug 1;188(3):465-8.Texto completo  Resumo

39. Parker CT, Thomas D. Reiter's syndrome and reactive arthritis. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2000 Feb;100(2):101-4. Resumo

40. Public Health England. Standards for providers and commissioners chlamydia screening, part of National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP). June 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

41. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV. Standards for the management of STIs. April 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

42. US Preventive Services Task Force., Davidson KW, Barry MJ, et al. Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2021 Sep 14;326(10):949-56.Texto completo  Resumo

43. Horner P, Blee K, O'Mahony C, et al; Clinical Effectiveness Group of the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV. 2015 UK national guideline on the management of non-gonococcal urethritis. Int J STD AIDS. 2016 Feb;27(2):85-96.Texto completo  Resumo

44. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV. Update to the 2015 BASHH UK national guideline on the management of non-gonococcal urethritis. November 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

45. Hogben M. Partner notification for sexually transmitted diseases. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Apr 1;44(suppl 3):S160-74.Texto completo  Resumo

46. Golden MR, Whittington WL, Handsfield HH, et al. Effect of expedited treatment of sex partners on recurrent or persistent gonorrhea or chlamydial infection. N Engl J Med. 2005 Feb 17;352(7):676-85.Texto completo  Resumo

47. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 737: expedited partner therapy. Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Jun;131(6):e190-3.Texto completo  Resumo

48. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transmitted diseases: expedited partner therapy. April 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

49. Seña AC, Lensing S, Rompalo A, et al. Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Trichomonas vaginalis infections in men with nongonococcal urethritis: predictors and persistence after therapy. J Infect Dis. 2012 Aug 1;206(3):357-65.Texto completo  Resumo

50. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidance on the use of expedited partner therapy in the treatment of gonorrhea. April 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

51. Gottlieb SL, Johnston C. Future prospects for new vaccines against sexually transmitted infections. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2017 Feb;30(1):77-86.Texto completo  Resumo

52. US National Institutes of Health; ClinicalTrials.gov. Statens Serum Institut: safety of chlamydia vaccine CTH522 in healthy women aged 18 to 45 years. August 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

53. Rice PA. Gonococcal arthritis (disseminated gonococcal infection). Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2005 Dec;19(4):853-61.Texto completo  Resumo

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