Otite externa

Referências

Principais artigos

Rosenfeld RM, Schwartz SR, Cannon CR, et al. American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Clinical practice guideline: acute otitis externa. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014 Feb;150(1 Suppl):S1-S24.Texto completo  Resumo

Hirsch BE. Infections of the external ear. Am J Otolaryngol. 1992 May-Jun;13(3):145-55. Resumo

Selesnick SH. Otitis externa: management of the recalcitrant case. Am J Otology. 1994 May;15(3):408-12. Resumo

Mösges R, Nematian-Samani M, Hellmich M, et al. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of quinolone containing otics in comparison to antibiotic-steroid combination drugs in the local treatment of otitis externa. Curr Med Res Opin. 2011 Oct;27(10):2053-60. Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Rosenfeld RM, Schwartz SR, Cannon CR, et al. American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Clinical practice guideline: acute otitis externa. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014 Feb;150(1 Suppl):S1-S24.Texto completo  Resumo

2. Browning GG. Aetiopathology of inflammatory conditions of the external and middle ear. In: Kerr AG, ed. Scott-Brown's Otolaryngology. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann; 1997.

3. Hirsch BE. Infections of the external ear. Am J Otolaryngol. 1992 May-Jun;13(3):145-55. Resumo

4. Lee SK, Lee SA, Seon SW, et al. Analysis of prognostic factors in malignant external otitis. Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Sep;10(3):228-35.Texto completo  Resumo

5. Walshe P, Cleary M, McConn WR, et al. Malignant otitis externa: a high index of suspicion is still needed for diagnosis. Irish Med J. 2002 Jan;95(1):14-6. Resumo

6. Johnson AK, Batra PS. Central skull base osteomyelitis: an emerging clinical entity. Laryngoscope. 2014 May;124(5):1083-7. Resumo

7. Schaefer P, Baugh RF. Acute otitis externa: an update. Am Fam Physician. 2012 Dec 1;86(11):1055-61.Texto completo  Resumo

8. Selesnick SH. Otitis externa: management of the recalcitrant case. Am J Otology. 1994 May;15(3):408-12. Resumo

9. Roland PS, Stroman DW. Microbiology of acute otitis externa. Laryngoscope. 2002 Jul;112(7 Pt 1):1166-77. Resumo

10. Rowlands S, Devalia H, Smith C, et al. Otitis externa in UK general practice: a survey using the UK General Practice Research Database. Br J Gen Pract. 2001 Jul;51(468):533-8.Texto completo  Resumo

11. Livingstone DM, Smith KA, Lange B. Scuba diving and otology: a systematic review with recommendations on diagnosis, treatment and post-operative care. Diving Hyperb Med. 2017 Jun;47(2):97-109. Resumo

12. Schwartz SR, Magit AE, Rosenfeld RM, et al. Clinical practice guideline (update): earwax (cerumen impaction). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 Jan;156(1_suppl):S1-29.Texto completo  Resumo

13. Chan KL, Soo G, van Hasselt CA. Furunculosis. Ear Nose Throat J. 1997;76:126. Resumo

14. Dubach P, Mantokoudis G, Caversaccio M. Ear canal cholesteatoma: meta-analysis of clinical characteristics with update on classification, staging and treatment. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Oct;18(5):369-76. Resumo

15. Leung DY, Boguniewicz M, Howell MD, et al. New insights into atopic dermatitis. J Clin Invest. 2004 Mar;113(5):651-7.Texto completo  Resumo

16. Clark GW, Pope SM, Jaboori KA. Diagnosis and treatment of seborrheic dermatitis. Am Fam Physician. 2015 Feb 1;91(3):185-90.Texto completo  Resumo

17. Dimitroulis G. Temporomandibular disorders: a clinical update. BMJ. 1998 Jul 18;317(7152):190-4.Texto completo  Resumo

18. Kaushik V, Malik T, Saeed SR. Interventions for acute otitis externa. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Jan 20;(1):CD004740. Resumo

19. Kantas I, Balatsouras DG, Vafiadis M, et al. The use of trichloroacetic acid in the treatment of acute external otitis. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007 Jan;264(1):9-14. Resumo

20. Dohar JE. Evolution of management approaches for otitis externa. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003 Apr;22(4):299-305; quiz 306-8. Resumo

21. van Balen FA, Smit WM, Zuithoff NP, et al. Clinical efficacy of three common treatments in acute otitis externa in primary care: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2003 Nov 22;327(7425):1201-5.Texto completo  Resumo

22. Lambert IJ. A comparison of the treatment of otitis externa with "Otosporin" and aluminium acetate: a report from a services practice in Cyprus. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1981 May;31(226):291-4.Texto completo  Resumo

23. Mösges R, Schröder T, Baues CM, et al. Dexamethasone phosphate in antibiotic ear drops for the treatment of acute bacterial otitis externa. Curr Med Res Opin. 2008 Aug;24(8):2339-47. Resumo

24. Pistorius B, Westberry K, Drehobl M, et al. Prospective, randomized, comparative trial of ciprofloxacin otic drops, with or without hydrocortisone, vs. polymyxin B-neomycin-hydrocortisone otic suspension in the treatment of acute diffuse otitis externa. Infect Dis Clin Pract. 1999;8:387-95.

25. Jones RN, Milazzo J, Seidlin M. Ofloxacin otic solution for treatment of otitis externa in children and adults. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997 Nov;123(11):1193-200. Resumo

26. Wall GM, Stroman DW, Roland PS, et al. Ciprofloxacin 0.3%/dexamethasone 0.1% sterile otic suspension for the topical treatment of ear infections: a review of the literature. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Feb;28(2):141-4. Resumo

27. Mösges R, Nematian-Samani M, Hellmich M, et al. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of quinolone containing otics in comparison to antibiotic-steroid combination drugs in the local treatment of otitis externa. Curr Med Res Opin. 2011 Oct;27(10):2053-60. Resumo

28. Wang X, Winterstein AG, Alrwisan A, et al. Risk for tympanic membrane perforation after quinolone ear drops for acute otitis externa. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 May 2. pii: ciz345. Resumo

29. Rahman A, Rizwan S, Waycaster C, et al. Pooled analysis of two clinical trials comparing the clinical outcomes of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone otic suspension and polymyxin B/neomycin/hydrocortisone otic suspension for the treatment of acute otitis externa in adults and children. Clin Ther. 2007 Sep;29(9):1950-6. Resumo

30. Roland PS, Belcher BP, Bettis R, et al; Cipro HC Study Group. A single topical agent is clinically equivalent to the combination of topical and oral antibiotic treatment for otitis externa. Am J Otolaryngol. 2008 Jul-Aug;29(4):255-61. Resumo

31. Hannley MT, Denneny JC 3rd, Holzer SS. Use of ototopical antibiotics in treating 3 common ear diseases. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000 Jun;122(6):934-40. Resumo

32. European Medicines Agency. Quinolone- and fluoroquinolone-containing medicinal products. November 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

33. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics: new restrictions and precautions for use due to very rare reports of disabling and potentially long-lasting or irreversible side effects. March 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

34. US Food & Drug Administraton. FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA advises restricting fluoroquinolone antibiotic use for certain uncomplicated infections; warns about disabling side effects that can occur together. May 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

35. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA drug safety communication. FDA warns about increased risk of ruptures or tears in the aorta blood vessel with fluoroquinolone antibiotics in certain patients. December 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

36. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA drug safety communication. FDA reinforces safety information about serious low blood sugar levels and mental health side effects with fluoroquinolone antibiotics; requires label changes. July 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

37. Hopkins ME, Bennett A, Henderson N, et al. A retrospective review and multi-specialty, evidence-based guideline for the management of necrotising otitis externa. J Laryngol Otol. 2020 Jun;134(6):487-92.Texto completo  Resumo

38. Carfrae MJ, Kesser BW. Malignant otitis externa. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008 Jun;41(3):537-49, viii-ix. Resumo

39. Bernstein JM, Holland NJ, Porter GC, et al. Resistance of Pseudomonas to ciprofloxacin: implications for the treatment of malignant otitis externa. J Laryngol Otol. 2007 Feb;121(2):118-23. Resumo

40. Sreepada GS, Kwartler JA. Skull base osteomyelitis secondary to malignant otitis externa. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Oct;11(5):316-23. Resumo

41. Franco-Vidal V, Blanchet H, Bebear C, et al. Necrotizing external otitis: a report of 46 cases. Otol Neurotol. 2007 Sep;28(6):771-3. Resumo

42. Amaro CE, Espiney R, Radu L, et al. Malignant (necrotizing) externa otitis: the experience of a single hyperbaric centre. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 Jul;276(7):1881-87.Texto completo  Resumo

43. Phillips JS, Jones SE. Hyperbaric oxygen as an adjuvant treatment for malignant otitis externa. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 May 31;(5):CD004617.Texto completo  Resumo

44. Martin TJ, Kerschner JE, Flanary VA. Fungal causes of otitis externa and tympanostomy tube otorrhea. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2005 Nov;69(11):1503-8. Resumo

45. Mion M, Bovo R, Marchese-Ragona R, et al. Outcome predictors of treatment effectiveness for fungal malignant external otitis: a systematic review. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2015 Oct;35(5):307-13.Texto completo  Resumo

46. Demir D, Yılmaz MS, Güven M, et al. Comparison of clinical outcomes of three different packing materials in the treatment of severe acute otitis externa. J Laryngol Otol. 2018 Jun 13;132(6):523-28. Resumo

47. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA drug safety communication: FDA restricts use of prescription codeine pain and cough medicines and tramadol pain medicines in children; recommends against use in breastfeeding women. April 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

48. Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency. Codeine: restricted use as analgesic in children and adolescents after European safety review. Drug Safety Update. December 2014 [internet publication].Texto completo

49. European Medicines Agency. Restrictions on use of codeine for pain relief in children - CMDh endorses PRAC recommendation. June 2013 [internet publication].Texto completo

50. Ali T, Meade K, Anari S, et al. Malignant otitis externa: case series. J Laryngol Otol. 2010 Aug;124(8):846-51. Resumo

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