Fraturas cranianas

Referências

Principais artigos

Ersahin Y, Mutluer S, Mirzai H, et al. Pediatric depressed skull fractures: analysis of 530 cases. Childs Nerv Syst. 1996 Jun;12(6):323-31. Resumo

Smits M, Dippel DW, de Haan GG, et al. Minor head injury: guidelines for the use of CT - a multicenter validation study. Radiology. 2007 Dec;245(3):831-8.Texto completo  Resumo

Macpherson BC, MacPherson P, Jennett B. CT evidence of intracranial contusion and haematoma in relation to the presence, site and type of skull fracture. Clin Radiol. 1990 Nov;42(5):321-6. Resumo

Al-Haddad SA, Kirollos R. A 5-year study of the outcome of surgically treated depressed skull fractures. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2002 May;84(3):196-200.Texto completo  Resumo

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Head injury: assessment and early management. September 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

Gravel J, Gouin S, Chalut D, et al. Derivation and validation of a clinical decision rule to identify young children with skull fracture following isolated head trauma. CMAJ. 2015 Nov 3;187(16):1202-8.Texto completo  Resumo

Pretto Flores L, De Almeida CS, Casulari LA. Positive predictive values of selected clinical signs associated with skull base fractures. J Neurosurg Sci. 2000 Jun;44(2):77-82. Resumo

Oller DW, Meredith JW, Rutledge R, et al. The relationship between face or skull fractures and cervical spine and spinal cord injuries: a review of 13,834 patients. Acid Anal Prev. 1992 Apr;24(2):1887-92. Resumo

Ratilal BO, Costa J, Pappamikail L, Sampaio C. Antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing meningitis in patients with basilar skull fractures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Apr 28;(4):CD004884. Resumo

Yetiser S, Hidir Y, Gonul E. Facial nerve problems and hearing loss in patients with temporal bone fractures: demographic data. J Trauma. 2008 Dec;65(6):1314-20. Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Servadei F, Ciucci G, Pagano F, et al. Skull fracture as a risk factor of intracranial complications in minor head injuries: a prospective CT study in a series of 98 adult patients. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1988 Apr;51(4):526-8. Resumo

2. Besenski N. Traumatic injuries: imaging of head injuries. Eur Radiol. 2002 Jun;12(6):1237-52. Resumo

3. Ersahin Y, Mutluer S, Mirzai H, et al. Pediatric depressed skull fractures: analysis of 530 cases. Childs Nerv Syst. 1996 Jun;12(6):323-31. Resumo

4. Mithani SK, St-Hilaire H, Brooke BS, et al. Predictable patterns of intracranial and cervical spine injury in craniomaxillofacial trauma: analysis of 4786 patients. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009 Apr;123(4):1293-301. Resumo

5. Smits M, Dippel DW, de Haan GG, et al. Minor head injury: guidelines for the use of CT - a multicenter validation study. Radiology. 2007 Dec;245(3):831-8.Texto completo  Resumo

6. Galarneau MR, Woodruff SI, Dye JL, et al. Traumatic brain injury during Operation Iraqi Freedom: findings from the United States Navy-Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry. J Neurosurg. 2008 May;108(5):950-7. Resumo

7. Shane SA, Fuchs SM. Skull fractures in infants and predictors of associated intracranial injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1997 Jun;13(3):198-203. Resumo

8. Macpherson BC, MacPherson P, Jennett B. CT evidence of intracranial contusion and haematoma in relation to the presence, site and type of skull fracture. Clin Radiol. 1990 Nov;42(5):321-6. Resumo

9. Al-Haddad SA, Kirollos R. A 5-year study of the outcome of surgically treated depressed skull fractures. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2002 May;84(3):196-200.Texto completo  Resumo

10. Jandial R, Reichwage B, Levy M, et al. Ballistics for the neurosurgeon. Neurosurgery. 2008 Feb;62(2):472-80. Resumo

11. McIntosh AS, McCrory P, Finch CF, et al. Does padded headgear prevent head injury in rugby union football? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Feb;41(2):306-13. Resumo

12. McIntosh AS, McCrory P. Preventing head and neck injury. Br J Sports Med. 2005 Jun;39(6):314-8. Resumo

13. Macnab AJ, Smith T, Gagnon FA, et al. Effect of helmet wear on the incidence of head/face and cervical spine injuries in young skiers and snowboarders. Inj Prev. 2002 Dec;8(4):324-7.Texto completo  Resumo

14. Rughani AI, Lin CT, Ares WJ, et al. Helmet use and reduction in skull fractures in skiers and snowboarders admitted to the hospital. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Mar;7(3):268-71. Resumo

15. Bergenstal J, Davisk SM, Sikor R, et al. Pediatric bicycle injury prevention and the effect of helmet use: the West Virginia experience. W V Med J. 2012 May-Jun;108(3):78-81. Resumo

16. Miller M, Davidov D, Tillotson R, et al. Injury prevention and recreational all-terrain vehicle use: the impact of helmet use in West Virginia. W V Med J. 2012;108:96-101. Resumo

17. Bowman SM, Aitken ME, Helmkamp JC, et al. Impact of helmets on injuries to riders of all-terrain vehicles. Inj Prev. 2009 Feb;15(1):3-7. Resumo

18. Liu B, Ivers R, Norton R, et al. Helmets for preventing injury in motorcycle riders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23;(1):CD004333.Texto completo  Resumo

19. Thompson DC, Rivara FP, Thompson R. Helmets for preventing head and facial injuries in bicyclists. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000;(2):CD001855.Texto completo  Resumo

20. Missliwetz J, Wieser I. Gunshot wounds of the head in soldiers wearing military helmets - general aspects and experiments and observations on the biomechanics and wound morphology [in German]. Z Rechtsmed. 1989;102(1):41-54. Resumo

21. Barlow J, Simkiss D, Stewart Brown S. Interventions to prevent or ameliorate child physical abuse and neglect, findings from a systematic review. J Child Services. 2006;1(3):6-28.

22. Dias MS, Smith K, DeGuehery K, et al. Preventing abusive head trauma among infants and young children: a hospital-based, parent education program. Pediatrics. 2005 Apr;115(4):e470-7.Texto completo  Resumo

23. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Head injury: assessment and early management. September 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

24. Haydel MJ, Preston CA, Mills TJ, et al. Indications for computed tomography in patients with minor head injury. N Engl J Med. 2000 Jul 13;343(2):100-5.Texto completo  Resumo

25. Stiell IG, Wells GA, Vandemheen K, et al. The Canadian CT head rule for patients with minor head injury. Lancet. 2001;357(9266):1391-6. Resumo

26. Gravel J, Gouin S, Chalut D, et al. Derivation and validation of a clinical decision rule to identify young children with skull fracture following isolated head trauma. CMAJ. 2015 Nov 3;187(16):1202-8.Texto completo  Resumo

27. Pretto Flores L, De Almeida CS, Casulari LA. Positive predictive values of selected clinical signs associated with skull base fractures. J Neurosurg Sci. 2000 Jun;44(2):77-82. Resumo

28. Dula D, Fales W. The "ring sign:" is it a reliable indicator for cerebral spinal fluid? Ann Emerg Med. 1993 Apr;22(4):718-20. Resumo

29. Teasdale G, Jennett B. Assessment of coma and impaired consciousness: a practical scale. Lancet. 1974 Jul 13;2(7872):81-4. Resumo

30. Roguski M, Morel B, Sweeney M, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging as an alternative to computed tomography in select patients with traumatic brain injury: a retrospective comparison. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 May;15(5):529-34. Resumo

31. Mulroy MH, Loyd AM, Frush DP, et al. Evaluation of pediatric skull fracture imaging techniques. Forensic Sci Int. 2012 Jun 10;214(1-3):167-72. Resumo

32. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria: head trauma. 2015 [internet publication].Texto completo

33. Orman G, Wagner MW, Seeburg D, et al. Pediatric skull fracture diagnosis: should 3D CT reconstructions be added as routine imaging? J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Oct;16(4):426-31. Resumo

34. Provenzale J. CT and MR imaging of acute cranial trauma. Emerg Radiol. 2007 Apr;14(1):1-12. Resumo

35. Ringl H, Schernthaner R, Philipp MO, et al. Three-dimensional fracture visualisation of multidetector CT of the skull base in trauma patients: comparison of three reconstruction algorithms. Eur Radiol. 2009 Oct;19(10):2416-24. Resumo

36. Ringl H, Schernthaner RE, Schueller G, et al. The skull unfolded: a cranial CT visualization algorithm for fast and easy detection of skull fractures. Radiology. 2010 May;255(2):553-62. Resumo

37. Pandor A, Harnan S, Goodare S, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of clinical characteristics for identifying CT abnormality after minor brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurotrauma. 2012 Mar 20;29(5):707-18. Resumo

38. Bruce DA. Imaging after head trauma: why, when and which. Childs Nerv Syst. 2000 Nov;16(10-11):755-9. Resumo

39. Dempewolf R, Gubbels S, Hansen MR. Acute radiographic workup of blunt temporal bone trauma: maxillofacial versus temporal bone CT. Laryngoscope. 2009 Mar;119(3):442-8. Resumo

40. Zhao X, Rizzo A, Malek B, et al. Basilar skull fracture: a risk factor for transverse/sigmoid venous sinus obstruction. J Neurotrauma. 2008 Feb;25(2):104-11. Resumo

41. Donovan DJ. Simple depressed skull fracture causing sagittal sinus stenosis and increased intracranial pressure: case report and review of the literature. Surg Neurol. 2005 Feb;63(2):380-3. Resumo

42. Kim PD, Jennings JS, Fisher M, et al. Risk of cervical spine injury and other complications seen with skull fractures in the setting of mild closed head injury in young children: a retrospective study. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2008;44(2):124-7. Resumo

43. Oller DW, Meredith JW, Rutledge R, et al. The relationship between face or skull fractures and cervical spine and spinal cord injuries: a review of 13,834 patients. Acid Anal Prev. 1992 Apr;24(2):1887-92. Resumo

44. Parri N, Crosby BJ, Glass C, et al. Ability of emergency ultrasonography to detect pediatric skull fractures: a prospective, observational study. J Emerg Med. 2013 Apr;44(2):135-41.Texto completo  Resumo

45. Rabiner JE, Friedman LM, Khine H, et al. Accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound for diagnosis of skull fractures in children. Pediatrics. 2013 Jun;131(6):e1757-64. Resumo

46. Abuabara A. Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea: diagnosis and management. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2007 Sep 1;12(5):E397-400.Texto completo  Resumo

47. Zaman S, Logan PH, Landes C, et al. Soft-tissue evidence of head injury in infants and young children: is CT head examination justified? Clin Radiol. 2017 Apr;72(4):316-22. Resumo

48. Merten DF, Radkowski MA, Leonidas JC. The abused child: a radiological reappraisal. Radiology. 1983 Feb;146(2):377-81. Resumo

49. Lyons TW, Stack AM, Monuteaux MC, et al. A QI initiative to reduce hospitalization for children with isolated skull fractures. Pediatrics. 2016 May 11;137(6):. Resumo

50. Bonfield CM, Naran S, Adetayo OA, et al. Pediatric skull fractures: the need for surgical intervention, characteristics, complications, and outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Aug;14(2):205-11. Resumo

51. Demetriades D, Charalambides D, Lakhoo M, et al. Role of prophylactic antibiotics in open and basilar fractures of the skull: a randomized study. Injury. 1992;23(6):377-80. Resumo

52. Ratilal BO, Costa J, Pappamikail L, Sampaio C. Antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing meningitis in patients with basilar skull fractures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Apr 28;(4):CD004884. Resumo

53. Rehman L, Ghani E, Hussain A, et al. Infection in compound depressed fracture of the skull. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2007 Mar;17(3):140-3. Resumo

54. Nellis JC, Kesser BW, Park SS. What is the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in basilar skull fractures? Laryngoscope. 2014 Jan;124(1):8-9.Texto completo  Resumo

55. Tunkel AR, Hasbun R, Bhimraj A, et al. 2017 Infectious Diseases Society of America's clinical practice guidelines for healthcare-associated ventriculitis and meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Feb 14; 64(6): e34–e65.Texto completo  Resumo

56. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Immunizations - pneumococcal. Aug 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

57. Venetz I, Schopfer K, Mühlemann K. Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease in Switzerland, 1985-1994. Swiss Pneumococcal Study Group. Int J Epidemiol. 1998 Dec;27(6):1101-4. Resumo

58. Kaptigau WM, Ke L, Rosenfeld JV. Open depressed and penetrating skull fractures in Port Moresby General Hospital from 2003 to 2005. P N G Med J. 2007 Mar-Jun;50(1-2):58-63. Resumo

59. Heary RF, Hunt CD, Krieger AJ, et al. Nonsurgical treatment of compound depressed skull fractures. J Trauma. 1993 Sep;35(3):441-7. Resumo

60. Marbacher S, Andres RH, Fathi AR, et al. Primary reconstruction of open depressed skull fractures with titanium mesh. J Craniofac Surg. 2008 Mar;19(2):490-5. Resumo

61. Bullock MR, Chesnut R, Ghajar J, et al; Surgical Management of Traumatic Brain Injury Author Group. Surgical management of depressed cranial fractures. Neurosurgery. 2006 Mar;58(3 suppl):S56-60. Resumo

62. Wylen EL, Willis BK, Nanda A. Infection rate with replacement of bone fragment in compound depressed skull fractures. Surg Neurol. 1999 Apr;51(4):452-7. Resumo

63. Yetiser S, Hidir Y, Gonul E. Facial nerve problems and hearing loss in patients with temporal bone fractures: demographic data. J Trauma. 2008 Dec;65(6):1314-20. Resumo

64. Dalgic A, Okay HO, Gezici AR, et al. An effective and less invasive treatment of post-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid fistula: closed lumbar drainage system. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2008 Jun;51(3):154-7. Resumo

65. Nash JJ, Friedland DR, Boorsma KJ, et al. Management and outcomes of facial paralysis from intratemporal blunt trauma: a systematic review. Laryngoscope. 2010 Jul;120(7):1397-404. Resumo

66. Sherif C, Di leva A, Gibson D, et al. A management algorithm for cerebrospinal fluid leak associated with anterior skull base fractures: detailed clinical and radiological follow-up. Neurosurg Rev. 2012;35:227-237. Resumo

67. Phang SY, Whitehouse K, Lee L, et al. Management of CSF leak in base of skull fractures in adults. Br J Neurosurg. 2016 Dec;30(6):596-604 Resumo

68. Yilmazlar S, Arslan E, Kocaeli H, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage complicating skull base fractures: analysis of 81 cases. Neurosurg Rev. 2006 Jan;29(1):64-71. Resumo

69. Liesemer K, Bratton SL, Zebrack CM, et al. Early post-traumatic seizures in moderate to severe pediatric traumatic brain injury: rates, risk factors, and clinical features. J Neurotrauma. 2011 May;28(5):755-62. Resumo

70. Beghi E. Overview of studies to prevent posttraumatic epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2003;44 Suppl 10:21-6.Texto completo  Resumo

71. Temkin NR. Preventing and treating posttraumatic seizures: the human experience. Epilepsia. 2009 Feb;50 Suppl 2:10-3.Texto completo  Resumo

72. Chang BS, Lowenstein DH; Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Practice parameter: antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury: report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2003 Jan 14;60(1):10-6.Texto completo  Resumo

73. CRASH-3 trial collaborators. Effects of tranexamic acid on death, disability, vascular occlusive events and other morbidities in patients with acute traumatic brain injury (CRASH-3): a randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2019 Nov 9;394(10210):1713-23.Texto completo  Resumo

74. Rowell SE, Meier EN, McKnight B, et al. Effect of Out-of-Hospital Tranexamic Acid vs Placebo on 6-Month Functional Neurologic Outcomes in Patients With Moderate or Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. JAMA. 2020 Sep 8;324(10):961-74.Texto completo  Resumo

75. Sonig A, Thakur JD, Chittiboina P, et al. Is posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid fistula a predictor of posttraumatic meningitis? A US nationwide inpatient sample database study. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E4.Texto completo  Resumo

76. de Gans J, van de Beek D, European Dexamethasone in Adulthood Bacterial Meningitis Study Investigators. Dexamethasone in adults with bacterial meningitis. N Engl J Med. 2002 Nov 14;347(20):1549-56. Resumo

77. Coello AF, Canals AG, Gonzalez JM, et al. Cranial nerve injury after minor head trauma. J Neurosurg. 2010 Sep;113(3):547-55. Resumo

78. Dunklebarger J, Branstetter B 4th, Lincoln A, et al. Pediatric temporal bone fractures: current trends and comparison of classification schemes. Laryngoscope. 2014 Mar;124(3):781-4. Resumo

79. Montava M, Mancini J, Masson C, et al. Temporal bone fractures: sequelae and their impact on quality of life. Am J Otolaryngol. 2015 May-Jun;36(3):364-70. Resumo

80. Sivori LA 2nd, de Leeuw R, Morgan I, et al. Complications of frontal sinus fractures with emphasis on chronic craniofacial pain and its treatment: a review of 43 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010 Sep;68(9):2041-6. Resumo

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