Fraturas do quadril


Principais artigos

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Management of hip fractures in older adults: evidence-based clinical practice guideline. 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Hip fracture: management. May 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

Artigos de referência

1. Garden RS. Reduction and fixation of subcapital fractures of the femur. Orthop Clin North Am. 1974 Oct;5(4):683-712. Resumo

2. Beimers L, Kreder HJ, Berry GK, et al. Subcapital hip fractures: the Garden classification should be replaced, not collapsed. Can J Surg. 2002 Dec;45(6):411-4.Texto completo  Resumo

3. Evans EM. The treatment of trochanteric fractures of the femur. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1949 May;31B(2):190-203. Resumo

4. Meinberg EG, Agel J, Roberts CS, et al. Fracture and Dislocation Classification Compendium-2018. J Orthop Trauma. 2018 Jan;32(suppl 1):S1-S170.Texto completo  Resumo

5. Pauwels F. Biomechanics of the normal and diseased hip. New York, NY: Springer; 1976:83.

6. Bartonicek J. Pauwels' classification of femoral neck fractures: correct interpretation of the original. J Orthop Trauma. 2001 Jun-Jul;15(5):358-60. Resumo

7. Swenning T, Leighton J, Nentwig M, et al. Hip fracture care and national systems: the United States and Canada. OTA Int. 2020 Mar;3(1):e073.Texto completo  Resumo

8. Court-Brown C, McQueen M, Tornetta P III. Trauma, 1st ed. Orthopaedic surgery essentials series. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.

9. Papadimitropoulos EA, Coyte PC, Josse RG, et al. Current and projected rates of hip fracture in Canada. CMAJ. 1997 Nov 15;157(10):1357-63.Texto completo  Resumo

10. Kanis JA, Johnell O, Oden A, et al. Long-term risk of osteoporotic fracture in Malmö. Osteoporos Int. 2000;11(8):669-74. Resumo

11. Allander E, Gullberg B, Johnell O, et al. Falls and hip fracture: a reasonable basis for possibilities for prevention? Some preliminary data from the MEDOS study Mediterranean Osteoporosis Study. Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. 1996;103:49-52;discussion 53. Resumo

12. Allander E, Gullberg B, Johnell O, et al. Circumstances around the fall in a multinational hip fracture risk study: a diverse pattern for prevention. MEDOS Study Group. Mediterranean Osteoporosis Study. Accid Anal Prev. 1998 Sep;30(5):607-16. Resumo

13. Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR. The epidemiology of falls and syncope. Clin Geriatr Med. 2002 May;18(2):141-58. Resumo

14. Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR, Osterweil D. Falls and fall prevention in the nursing home. Clin Geriatr Med. 1996 Nov;12(4):881-902. Resumo

15. Robinson CM, Court-Brown CM, McQueen MM, et al. Hip fractures in adults younger than 50 years of age. Epidemiology and results. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1995 Mar;(312):238-46. Resumo

16. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Management of hip fractures in older adults: evidence-based clinical practice guideline. 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

17. Veronese N, Maggi S. Epidemiology and social costs of hip fracture. Injury. 2018 Aug;49(8):1458-60. Resumo

18. Court-Brown CM, Caesar B. Epidemiology of adult fractures: a review. Injury. 2006 Aug;37(8):691-7. Resumo

19. Cummings SR, Black DM, Rubin SM. Lifetime risks of hip, Colles', or vertebral fracture and coronary heart disease among white postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med. 1989 Nov;149(11):2445-8. Resumo

20. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. NIH Consens Statement. 2000 Mar 27-29;17(1):1-45. Resumo

21. NIH Consensus Development Panel on Osteoporosis Prevention, Diagnosis, and Therapy. Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. JAMA. 2001 Feb 14;285(6):785-95. Resumo

22. Johnell O, Kanis JA, Oden A, et al. Predictive value of BMD for hip and other fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Jul;20(7):1185-94.Texto completo  Resumo

23. Zhao Y, Shen L, Ji HF. Alzheimer's disease and risk of hip fracture: a meta-analysis study. Sci World J. 2012;2012:872173.Texto completo  Resumo

24. Liang Y, Wang L. Alzheimer's disease is an important risk factor of fractures: a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Mol Neurobiol. 2017 Jul;54(5):3230-5. Resumo

25. Tolppanen AM, Taipale H, Tanskanen A, et al. Comparison of predictors of hip fracture and mortality after hip fracture in community-dwellers with and without Alzheimer's disease: exposure-matched cohort study. BMC Geriatr. 2016 Dec 1;16(1):204.Texto completo  Resumo

26. Wang HK, Hung CM, Lin SH, et al. Increased risk of hip fractures in patients with dementia: a nationwide population-based study. BMC Neurol. 2014 Sep 12;14:175.Texto completo  Resumo

27. Blain H, Chavassieux P, Portero-Muzy N, et al. Cortical and trabecular bone distribution in the femoral neck in osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Bone. 2008 Nov;43(5):862-8. Resumo

28. Dunstan CR, Somers NM, Evans RA. Osteocyte death and hip fracture. Calcif Tissue Int. 1993;53 Suppl 1:S113-6; discussion S116-7. Resumo

29. Zgoda M, Gorecki A, Bartlomiejczyk I, et al. Femoral neck fracture is accompanied by local changes in the content of transforming growth factor-beta1, interleukin-1beta and collagenase activity. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2007 Apr-Jun;7(2):161-5. Resumo

30. De Laet C, Kanis JA, Oden A, et al. Body mass index as a predictor of fracture risk: a meta-analysis. Osteoporos Int. 2005 Nov;16(11):1330-8. Resumo

31. Oliver D, Connelly JB, Victor CR, et al. Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ. 2007 Jan 13;334(7584):82.Texto completo  Resumo

32. Cameron ID, Dyer SM, Panagoda CE, et al. Interventions for preventing falls in older people in care facilities and hospitals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Sep 7;9(9):CD005465.Texto completo  Resumo

33. Parker MJ, Gillespie WJ, Gillespie LD. Effectiveness of hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in elderly people: systematic review. BMJ. 2006 Mar 11;332(7541):571-4.Texto completo  Resumo

34. Santesso N, Carrasco-Labra A, Brignardello-Petersen R. Hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Mar 31;(3):CD001255.Texto completo  Resumo

35. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Falls in older people: assessing risk and prevention. June 2013 [internet publication].Texto completo

36. Jensen JS. Classification of trochanteric fractures. Acta Orthop Scand. 1980 Oct;51(5):803-10. Resumo

37. Frihagen F, Nordsletten L, Tariq R, et al. MRI diagnosis of occult hip fractures. Acta Orthop. 2005 Aug;76(4):524-30.Texto completo  Resumo

38. Verbeeten KM, Hermann KL, Hasselqvist M, et al. The advantages of MRI in the detection of occult hip fractures. Eur Radiol. 2005 Jan;15(1):165-9. Resumo

39. Rubin SJ, Marquardt JD, Gottlieb RH, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging: a cost-effective alternative to bone scintigraphy in the evaluation of patients with suspected hip fractures. Skeletal Radiol. 1998 Apr;27(4):199-204. Resumo

40. American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: acute hip pain - suspected fracture. 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

41. Handoll HH, Parker MJ. Conservative versus operative treatment for hip fractures in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jul 16;(3):CD000337.Texto completo  Resumo

42. Mak JC, Cameron ID, March LM; National Health and Medical Research Council. Evidence-based guidelines for the management of hip fractures in older persons: an update. Med J Aust. 2010 Jan 4;192(1):37-41. Resumo

43. Khan SK, Kalra S, Khanna A, et al. Timing of surgery for hip fractures: a systematic review of 52 published studies involving 291,413 patients. Injury. 2009 Jul;40(7):692-7. Resumo

44. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Hip fracture: management. May 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

45. Simunovic N, Devereaux PJ, Sprague S, et al. Effect of early surgery after hip fracture on mortality and complications: systematic review and meta-analysis. CMAJ. 2010 Oct 19;182(15):1609-16.Texto completo  Resumo

46. Moja L, Piatti A, Pecoraro V, et al. Timing matters in hip fracture surgery: patients operated within 48 hours have better outcomes - a meta-analysis and meta-regression of over 190,000 patients. PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e46175.Texto completo  Resumo

47. Pincus D, Ravi B, Wasserstein D, et al. Association Between Wait Time and 30-Day Mortality in Adults Undergoing Hip Fracture Surgery. JAMA. 2017 Nov 28;318(20):1994-2003.Texto completo  Resumo

48. HIP ATTACK Investigators. Accelerated surgery versus standard care in hip fracture (HIP ATTACK): an international, randomised, controlled trial. Lancet. 2020 Feb 29;395(10225):698-708.Texto completo  Resumo

49. Southwell-Keely JP, Russo RR, March L, et al. Antibiotic prophylaxis in hip fracture surgery: a metaanalysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Feb;(419):179-84.Texto completo  Resumo

50. Gillespie WJ, Walenkamp G. Antibiotic prophylaxis for surgery for proximal femoral and other closed long bone fractures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Mar 17;(3):CD000244.Texto completo  Resumo

51. Fixation using Alternative Implants for the Treatment of Hip fractures (FAITH) Investigators. Fracture fixation in the operative management of hip fractures (FAITH): an international, multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2017 Apr 15;389(10078):1519-27.Texto completo  Resumo

52. Okike K, Udogwu UN, Isaac M, et al. Not All Garden-I and II Femoral Neck Fractures in the Elderly Should Be Fixed: Effect of Posterior Tilt on Rates of Subsequent Arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2019 Oct 16;101(20):1852-1859.Texto completo  Resumo

53. Sjöholm P, Otten V, Wolf O, et al. Posterior and anterior tilt increases the risk of failure after internal fixation of Garden I and II femoral neck fracture. Acta Orthop. 2019 Dec;90(6):537-541.Texto completo  Resumo

54. Jain R, Koo M, Kreder HJ, et al. Comparison of early and delayed fixation of subcapital hip fractures in patients sixty years of age or less. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2002 Sep;84-A(9):1605-12. Resumo

55. Dedrick DK, Mackenzie JR, Burney RE. Complications of femoral neck fracture in young adults. J Trauma. 1986 Oct;26(10):932-7. Resumo

56. Duckworth AD, Bennet SJ, Aderinto J, et al. Fixation of intracapsular fractures of the femoral neck in young patients: risk factors for failure. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2011 Jun;93(6):811-6. Resumo

57. Lowe JA, Crist BD, Bhandari M, et al. Optimal treatment of femoral neck fractures according to patient's physiologic age: an evidence-based review. Orthop Clin North Am. 2010 Apr;41(2):157-66. Resumo

58. Lu Q, Tang G, Zhao X, et al. Hemiarthroplasty versus internal fixation in super-aged patients with undisplaced femoral neck fractures: a 5-year follow-up of randomized controlled trial. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2017 Jan;137(1):27-35. Resumo

59. Støen RØ, Lofthus CM, Nordsletten L, et al. Randomized trial of hemiarthroplasty versus internal fixation for femoral neck fractures: no differences at 6 years. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Jan;472(1):360-7.Texto completo  Resumo

60. Parker MJ, Pryor G, Gurusamy K. Hemiarthroplasty versus internal fixation for displaced intracapsular hip fractures: a long-term follow-up of a randomised trial. Injury. 2010 Apr;41(4):370-3. Resumo

61. Bhandari M, Devereaux PJ, Swiontkowski MF, et al. Internal fixation compared with arthroplasty for displaced fractures of the femoral neck: a meta-analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2003 Sep;85-A(9):1673-81. Resumo

62. Parker MJ, Gurusamy K. Internal fixation versus arthroplasty for intracapsular proximal femoral fractures in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Oct 18;(4):CD001708.Texto completo  Resumo

63. Lewis DP, Wæver D, Thorninger R, et al. Hemiarthroplasty vs total hip arthroplasty for the management of displaced neck of femur fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Arthroplasty. 2019 Aug;34(8):1837-43. Resumo

64. Burgers PT, Van Geene AR, Van den Bekerom MP, et al. Total hip arthroplasty versus hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in the healthy elderly: a meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized trials. Int Orthop. 2012 Aug;36(8):1549-60.Texto completo  Resumo

65. HEALTH Investigators; Bhandari M, Einhorn TA, Guyatt G, et al. Total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture. N Engl J Med. 2019 Dec 5;381(23):2199-208.Texto completo  Resumo

66. Sharma V, Awasthi B, Kumar K, et al. Outcome analysis of hemiarthroplasty vs. total hip replacement in displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016 May;10(5):RC11-3.Texto completo  Resumo

67. Bhandari M, Devereaux PJ, Tornetta P 3rd, et al. Operative management of displaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients: an international survey. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Sep;87(9):2122-30. Resumo

68. Woon CYL, Moretti VM, Schwartz BE, et al. Total hip arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty: US national trends in the treatment of femoral neck fractures. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2017 Nov/Dec;46(6):E474-8. Resumo

69. Iorio R, Schwartz B, Macaulay W, et al. Surgical treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly: a survey of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons. J Arthroplasty. 2006 Dec;21(8):1124-33. Resumo

70. Ravi B, Jenkinson R, Austin PC, et al. Relation between surgeon volume and risk of complications after total hip arthroplasty: propensity score matched cohort study. BMJ. 2014 May 23;348:g3284.Texto completo  Resumo

71. Alolabi N, Alolabi B, Mundi R, et al. Surgical preferences of patients at risk of hip fractures: hemiarthroplasty versus total hip arthroplasty. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2011 Dec 23;12:289.Texto completo  Resumo

72. Parker MI, Pryor G, Gurusamy K. Cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty for intracapsular hip fractures: a randomised controlled trial in 400 patients. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010 Jan;92(1):116-22. Resumo

73. Inngul C, Blomfeldt R, Ponzer S, et al. Cemented versus uncemented arthroplasty in patients with a displaced fracture of the femoral neck: a randomised controlled trial. Bone Joint J. 2015 Nov;97-B(11):1475-80. Resumo

74. Deangelis JP, Ademi A, Staff I, et al. Cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures: a prospective randomized trial with early follow-up. J Orthop Trauma. 2012 Mar;26(3):135-40.Texto completo  Resumo

75. Ning GZ, Li YL, Wu Q, et al. Cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures: an updated meta-analysis. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2014 Jan;24(1):7-14.Texto completo  Resumo

76. Luo X, He S, Li Z, et al. Systematic review of cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in older patients. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2012 Apr;132(4):455-63.Texto completo  Resumo

77. Veldman HD, Heyligers IC, Grimm B, et al. Cemented <i>versus</i> cementless hemiarthroplasty for a displaced fracture of the femoral neck: a systematic review and meta-analysis of current generation hip stems. Bone Joint J. 2017 Apr;99-B(4):421-431.Texto completo  Resumo

78. Fernandez MA, Achten J, Lerner RG, et al. Randomised controlled trial comparing hydroxyapatite coated uncemented hemiarthroplasty with cemented hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of displaced intracapsular hip fractures: a protocol for the WHITE 5 study. BMJ Open. 2019 Dec 9;9(12):e033957.Texto completo  Resumo

79. Niu E, Yang A, Harris AH, et al. Which Fixation Device is Preferred for Surgical Treatment of Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures in the United States? A Survey of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015 Nov;473(11):3647-55.Texto completo  Resumo

80. Parker MJ, Cawley S. Sliding hip screw versus the Targon PFT nail for trochanteric hip fractures: a randomised trial of 400 patients. Bone Joint J. 2017 Sep;99-B(9):1210-5. Resumo

81. Pandarinath R, Amdur R, DeBritz JN, et al. Comparison of Short-term Complication Rates Between Cephalomedullary Hip Screw Devices and Sliding Hip Screws: An Analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2018 Dec 1;26(23):845-851.Texto completo  Resumo

82. Cai L, Wang T, Di L, et al. Comparison of intramedullary and extramedullary fixation of stable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly: a prospective randomised controlled trial exploring hidden perioperative blood loss. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Nov 15;17(1):475.Texto completo  Resumo

83. Varela-Egocheaga JR, Iglesias-Colao R, Suárez-Suárez MA, et al. Minimally invasive osteosynthesis in stable trochanteric fractures: a comparative study between Gotfried percutaneous compression plate and Gamma 3 intramedullary nail. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2009 Oct;129(10):1401-7. Resumo

84. Lewis SR, Macey R, Gill JR, et al. Cephalomedullary nails versus extramedullary implants for extracapsular hip fractures in older adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Jan 26;1(1):CD000093.Texto completo  Resumo

85. Whale CS, Hulet DA, Beebe MJ, et al. Cephalomedullary nail versus sliding hip screw for fixation of AO 31 A1/2 intertrochanteric femoral fracture: a 12-year comparison of failure, complications, and mortality. Curr Orthop Pract. 2016 Nov-Dec;27(6):604-613.Texto completo  Resumo

86. Warren JA, Sundaram K, Hampton R, et al. Cephalomedullary nailing versus sliding hip screws for Intertrochanteric and basicervical hip fractures: a propensity-matched study of short-term outcomes in over 17,000 patients. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2020 Feb;30(2):243-250.Texto completo  Resumo

87. Miedel R, Ponzer S, Törnkvist H, et al. The standard Gamma nail or the Medoff sliding plate for unstable trochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures. A randomised, controlled trial. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005 Jan;87(1):68-75. Resumo

88. Cameron ID. Coordinated multidisciplinary rehabilitation after hip fracture. Disabil Rehabil. 2005 Sep 30-Oct 15;27(18-19):1081-90. Resumo

89. Foss NB, Kristensen MT, Kristensen BB, et al. Effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on rehabilitation and pain after hip fracture surgery: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-cotrolled trial. Anesthesiology. 2005 Jun;102(6):1197-204. Resumo

90. Foss NB, Kristensen MT, Palm H, et al. Postoperative pain after hip fracture is procedure specific. Br J Anaesth. 2009 Jan;102(1):111-6.Texto completo  Resumo

91. Guay J, Kopp S. Peripheral nerve blocks for hip fractures in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Nov 25;11(11):CD001159.Texto completo  Resumo

92. Momsen AM, Rasmussen JO, Nielsen CV, et al. Multidisciplinary team care in rehabilitation: an overview of reviews. J Rehabil Med. 2012 Nov;44(11):901-12.Texto completo  Resumo

93. Chudyk AM, Jutai JW, Petrella RJ, et al. Systematic review of hip fracture rehabilitation practices in the elderly. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009 Feb;90(2):246-62. Resumo

94. Prestmo A, Hagen G, Sletvold O, et al. Comprehensive geriatric care for patients with hip fractures: a prospective, randomised, controlled trial. Lancet. 2015 Apr 25;385(9978):1623-33. Resumo

95. Eamer G, Taheri A, Chen SS, et al. Comprehensive geriatric assessment for older people admitted to a surgical service. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Jan 31;(1):CD012485.Texto completo  Resumo

96. Crotty M, Unroe K, Cameron ID, et al. Rehabilitation interventions for improving physical and psychosocial functioning after hip fracture in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Jan 20;(1):CD007624.Texto completo  Resumo

97. Auais MA, Eilayyan O, Mayo NE. Extended exercise rehabilitation after hip fracture improves patients' physical function: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther. 2012 Nov;92(11):1437-51. Resumo

98. Avenell A, Smith TO, Curtain JP, et al. Nutritional supplementation for hip fracture aftercare in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Nov 30;11:CD001880.Texto completo  Resumo

99. Farooqi V, van den Berg ME, Cameron ID, et al. Anabolic steroids for rehabilitation after hip fracture in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Oct 6;(10):CD008887.Texto completo  Resumo

100. Handoll HH, Queally JM, Parker MJ. Pre-operative traction for hip fractures in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Dec 7;(12):CD000168.Texto completo  Resumo

101. Beaudoin FL, Haran JP, Liebmann O. A comparison of ultrasound-guided three-in-one femoral nerve block versus parenteral opioids alone for analgesia in emergency department patients with hip fractures: a randomized controlled trial. Acad Emerg Med. 2013 Jun;20(6):584-91.Texto completo  Resumo

102. Magaziner J, Simonsick EM, Kashner TM, et al. Predictors of functional recovery one year following hospital discharge for hip fracture: a prospective study. J Gerontol. 1990 May;45(3):M101-7. Resumo

103. Fredman L, Hawkes WG, Black S, et al. Elderly patients with hip fracture with positive affect have better functional recovery over 2 years. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Jul;54(7):1074-81. Resumo

104. Thorngren KG. Fractures in the elderly. Acta Orthop Scand Suppl. 1995 Oct;266:208-10. Resumo

105. Thorngren KG. Fractures in older persons. Disabil Rehabil. 1994 Jul-Sep;16(3):119-26. Resumo

106. Borgquist L, Ceder L, Thorngren KG. Function and social status 10 years after hip fracture. Prospective follow-up of 103 patients. Acta Orthop Scand. 1990 Oct;61(5):404-10. Resumo

107. Marottoli RA, Berkman LF, Cooney LM Jr. Decline in physical function following hip fracture. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1992 Sep;40(9):861-6. Resumo

108. Marottoli RA, Berkman LF, Leo-Summers L, et al. Predictors of mortality and institutionalization after hip fracture: the New Haven EPESE (Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly) cohort. Am J Public Health. 1994 Nov;84(11):1807-12.Texto completo  Resumo

109. Smith T, Pelpola K, Ball M, et al. Pre-operative indicators for mortality following hip fracture surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Age Ageing. 2014 Jul;43(4):464-71.Texto completo  Resumo

110. van de Ree CLP, Landers MJF, Kruithof N, et al. Effect of frailty on quality of life in elderly patients after hip fracture: a longitudinal study. BMJ Open. 2019 Jul 18;9(7):e025941.Texto completo  Resumo

111. Berry SD, Rothbaum RR, Kiel DP, et al. Association of Clinical Outcomes With Surgical Repair of Hip Fracture vs Nonsurgical Management in Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Jun 1;178(6):774-780.Texto completo  Resumo

112. Zee AA, van Lieshout K, van der Heide M, et al. Low molecular weight heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients with lower-limb immobilization. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Aug 6;8:CD006681.Texto completo  Resumo

113. Falck-Ytter Y, Francis CW, Johanson NA, et al; American College of Chest Physicians. Prevention of VTE in orthopedic surgery patients: antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2012 Feb;141(2 suppl):e278S-325S.Texto completo  Resumo

114. Forster R, Stewart M. Anticoagulants (extended duration) for prevention of venous thromboembolism following total hip or knee replacement or hip fracture repair. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Mar 30;(3):CD004179.Texto completo  Resumo

115. Qaseem A, Forciea MA, McLean RM, et al. Treatment of Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis to Prevent Fractures in Men and Women: A Clinical Practice Guideline Update From the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Jun 6;166(11):818-839.Texto completo  Resumo

116. North American Menopause Society. Management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women: 2010 position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2010 Jan-Feb;17(1):25-54;quiz 55-6.Texto completo  Resumo

117. Compston J, Cooper A, Cooper C, et al. UK clinical guideline for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Arch Osteoporos. 2017 Dec;12(1):43.Texto completo  Resumo

118. Bell JJ, Bauer JD, Capra S, et al. Quick and easy is not without cost: implications of poorly performing nutrition screening tools in hip fracture. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Feb;62(2):237-43. Resumo

119. US Preventive Services Task Force. Falls prevention in community-dwelling older adults: interventions. April 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

120. NHS England. Falls and fragility fractures pathway. January 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

121. Public Health England. Falls and fractures: consensus statement and resources pack. July 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

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